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307 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Polyuria

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Over the next few days, however, the patient developed severe thirst and polyuria exceeding 6 L of urine per day, accompanied by hypernatraemia and hypo-osmolar urine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[pharmacytimes.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] pri·mar·y al·dos·ter·on·ism an adrenocortical disorder caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone and characterized by headaches, nocturia, polyuria, fatigue, hypertension[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] It is often symptomless, but may present with symptoms of hypokalaemia – such as muscle weakness, fatigue, polyuria, cramps. 2/3 are due to a solitary mineralocorticoid producing[almostadoctor.co.uk]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    Several months after delivery, discontinuation of desmopressin resulted in recurrence of her polyuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypernatremia was corrected by scheduled water intake with desmopressin administration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient also had a strong family history of polyuria affecting his maternal uncles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The polyuria did not respond to desmopressin, and subsequent correction of his polyuria and hypernatraemia after normalization of plasma potassium confirmed the diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient was found to have profound hypernatremia and severe hypercalcemia with normal parathyroid and vitamin D serum levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations revealed persistent hypernatremia and deranged renal functions. Diagnostic work-up was suggestive of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Osmotic Diuretic

    POLYURIA after the release of obstructive uropathy is a clinical entity of considerable medical interest.[nejm.org] : fluid loss leads to significant dehydration and in the absence of adequate fluid replacement leads to hypernatremia.[pharmacology2000.com] The result is usually polyuria leading to dehydration if not managed in a timely and appropriate manner.[nataliescasebook.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    ), extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria[d3jonline.tripod.com] An additional important aspect of fluid management is to replace the volume of urinary losses, especially in those subjects with excessive polyuria.[endocrinologyadvisor.com] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furthermore, large amounts of NaHCO 3 are commonly required, and volume overload and hypernatremia can occur.[emedicine.medscape.com] Clinical Manifestations In children the clinical spectrum is nonspecific including anorexia, failure to thrive, vomiting and dehydration, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia[renaltube.com]

  • Fanconi Syndrome

    We discuss in this article the atypical electrolytes losses found in our patient, as well as the possible mechanisms of severe polyuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diabetes insipidus is a disease of collecting tubules and children mainly present with dehydration and hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These patients presented with a history of polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss, anorexia, and wasting. Interestingly, 1 patient was not taking protease inhibitors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    This case report describes a 44-yr-old man with a 4-month history of anorexia, polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss of 25 kg who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pressure natriuresis (other mechanisms may be responsible, although how these operate remains unclear) compensatory diuresis “escape” from edema and formation and frank hypernatremia[amboss.com] This leads to polyuria and polydipsia. In general, patients with hyperaldosteronism develop what?[quizlet.com]

  • Hypernatremia

    We present a case to illustrate the importance of emphasizing elementary physiology to deduce the basis for the acute onset of polyuria and hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypernatremia is primarily caused due to significant decrease in total body water. Due to this reason, hypernatremia often corresponds with dehydration.[symptoma.com] Hypernatremia and polyuria are the main symptoms of diabetes insipidus. Polyuria is characterized by a 24-h urine volume in excess of 40-50 ml/kg in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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