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209 Possible Causes for Hyperprolactinemia, Spironolactone

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Several possible mechanisms by which spironolactone could cause these side-effects have been identified.[annals.org] Baseline endocrine studies (serum triglycerides: 2600 mg/dl) demonstrated hyperprolactinemia (serum prolactin 51 ng/ml), increased ACTH levels, absence of suppression of ACTH[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nine patients (29%) presented with hyperprolactinemia and four women concurrently suffered from oligo-amenorrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acromegaly

    […] cardiomyopathy with angiographically normal coronaries and severe ventricular dysfunction, and was being treated with carvedilol 25 mg, low-dose digoxin, ramipril 2.5 mg, spironolactone[revespcardiol.org] […] hormone pituitary adenoma hyperprolactinemia Received December 31, 1987.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] The most important factors affecting gonadal functions, excluding central hypogonadism, are hyperprolactinemia and the duration of the indolent period before diagnosis of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Male Infertility due to Globozoospermia

    Bromocriptine therapy is useful for men in whom impaired sperm production is due to hyperprolactinemia (high blood level of prolactin).The customary daily dose of bromocriptine[maleinfertilityhouston.com] The following is a list of hormonal disorders which can disrupt male infertility: Hyperprolactinemia: Elevated prolactin--a hormone associated with nursing mothers, is found[web.stanford.edu]

  • Ovulation

    Compared treatments were OC (ethinylestradiol-levonorgestrel) versus low-dose combination of spironolactone 50 mg/d, pioglitazone 7.5 mg/d, and metformin 850 mg/d (SPIOMET[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High prolactin levels (hyperprolactinemia) can interfere with ovulation .[drmalpani.com] Hyperprolactinemia : Prolactin is a hormone that is needed to produce breast milk. Too much prolactin (hyperprolactinemia) causes a decrease in FSH and LH.[womenlivingnaturally.com]

  • Testosterone

    The medical regimen in the United States typically includes spironolactone and estrogens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Adjunctive aripiprazole relieved hyperprolactinemia, but had no effect on testosterone or estradiol levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] causes include: -Inherited or developmental disorders of hypothalamus and pituitary (eg, Kallmann syndrome, congenital hypopituitarism) -Pituitary or hypothalamic tumors -Hyperprolactinemia[mayomedicallaboratories.com]

  • Liver Failure

    ., oral spironolactone [Aldactone] and furosemide [Lasix]), as well as complete abstention from alcohol.[aafp.org] First-line treatment of patients with cirrhotic ascites consists of sodium restriction (i.e., no more than 2,000 mg per day) and diuretics (e.g., oral spironolactone [Aldactone[aafp.org] […] rating References First-line treatment of patients with cirrhotic ascites consists of sodium restriction (i.e., no more than 2,000 mg per day) and diuretics (e.g., oral spironolactone[aafp.org]

  • Gynecomastia

    Spironolactone, an aldosterone antagonist used for high blood pressure treatment, presents both anti-androgenic and oestrogenic activities.[pharmaco-vigilance.eu] Hyperprolactinemia is a rare entity in the pediatric population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperprolactinemia due to hypothyroidism is known to result in gynecomastia in adults, but this observation has not been reported in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Erythrocytosis

    She takes aspirin, metoprolol, and spironolactone for her cardiomyopathy.[mdedge.com] The hyperprolactinemia was bromocriptine resistant, despite gradual increase of the dosage to 30 mg/day.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 44-year-old woman who had been suffering for 10 years from amenorrhea and hyperprolactinemia resistant to high doses of bromocriptine was hospitalized with erythrocytosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cyproterone

    Patients were selected if they (i) identified as a transgender woman, (ii) had newly started spironolactone or CPA with estrogen or restarted spironolactone or CPA after a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We recommend long-term follow-up observation consisting of a periodic evaluation of prolactin levels and any symptoms suggestive of hyperprolactinemia to detect as early as[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CPA or DRSP containing COCs in combination with CPA or spironolactone have similar effects for the treatment of hirsutism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Virilization

    Weight loss (More diet than Exercise) -Oral contraceptives -Cyclin Progestin Treatment -(Metformin) PCOS Summary Treatment for Hyperandrogenism -Weight Loss -Oral Conctra -Spironolactone[quizlet.com] […] hyperandrogenism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (nonclassic and classic) Abnormal cortisol action/metabolism Adrenal neoplasms Other endocrine disorders Cushing′s syndrome Hyperprolactinemia[mhmedical.com] ANTI-ANDROGEN THERAPY • Androgen receptor antagonists –Cyproterone acetate –Spironolactone • 5 α-reductase inhibitors (prevents conversion of testosterone to active form)-[slideshare.net]

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