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1,814 Possible Causes for Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer, Kyphoscoliosis

  • Vitamin D Deficiency

    This is due to the pulling in of the lower ribs by the diaphragmatic attachment. skull bossing curvature of the spine, leading to kyphoscoliosis generalized muscular weakness[news-medical.net] In children 1 to 4 yr, epiphyseal cartilage at the lower ends of the radius, ulna, tibia, and fibula enlarge; kyphoscoliosis develops, and walking is delayed.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Homocystinuria

    In patients with progressive maculopathy in cb1C disease, there is thinning and loss of the ganglion cell layer, outer nuclear layer, and photoreceptor layer on OCT [10 ,11[eyerounds.org] […] metabolism characterized by ectopia lentis (100 per cent), mental retardation 73 per cent), and skeletal abnormalities suggesting the Marfan syndrome (35 per cent), such as kyphoscoliosis[ajronline.org] […] failure to thrive in infancy), fine, brittle hair, hypopigmentation, high arched palate, crowded teeth, arachnodactyly, limited joint mobility, pectus excavatum/carinatum, kyphoscoliosis[patient.info]

  • Osteoporosis

    Multiple fractures of the spine can cause loss of height and significant spinal deformities and patients may develop marked abnormal curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis[yourhormones.info]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    The unique skeletal features are distinguished by a disproportional short stature, odontoid hypoplasia, spinal cord compression, tracheal obstruction, pectus carinatum, kyphoscoliosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 8-year-old boy with Morquio syndrome and severe kyphoscoliosis. Courtesy of Dennis P. Grogan, MD.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] hyperextension of the neck causing the head to appear as if it were resting directly on the shoulders, short trunk, long extremities with excessive joint mobility, kyphosis or kyphoscoliosis[icd9data.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Syringomyelia

    Bronchogenic cysts refer to congenital anomalies derived from the primitive foregut. Spinal bronchogenic cysts are uncommon entities, and those occurring in the intramedullary sites are extremely rare. Bronchogenic cysts involving the foramen magnum region have only been described in 2 cases; however,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Kyphoscoliosis Kyphoscoliosis in a 10-year-old girl with HSANIII.[en.wikipedia.org] Kyphoscoliosis may be congenital or acquired and may interfere with the function of intrathoracic organs.[symptoma.com] Kyphoscoliosis is a disorder characterized by progressive deformity of Spine consisting of lateral and posterior curvatures.[meddean.luc.edu]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    We herein describe the successful anesthetic management of a patient with stiff person syndrome undergoing right total hip replacement under spinal anesthesia. We also describe the problems associated with general anesthesia. The advantage of using regional anesthesia in these patients is the avoidance of muscle[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Cor Pulmonale

    We present the case of a 59-year-old man with congenital kyphoscoliosis who developed cor pulmonale for the first time following intercontinental air travel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] disease (COPD) Chronic blood clots in the lungs Cystic fibrosis (CF) Scarring of the lung tissue ( interstitial lung disease ) Severe curving of the upper part of the spine ( kyphoscoliosis[nlm.nih.gov] A rarer cause is kyphoscoliosis, which is a severe curvature of the upper spine.[study.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    Children born with CMD often have muscle weakness or ’floppiness’ and can also have stiffness of the joints, hip dislocation and a type of curvature of the spine known as ’kyphoscoliosis[santhera.com] Persons with UCMD commonly experience muscle weakness, kyphoscoliosis, hip dislocation at birth, prominent heel bones, hyper-pigmented skin lesions, hyper-extensible finger[disabled-world.com] The characteristic symptoms of this form of CMD are diminished muscle tone (hypotonia), muscle weakness, abnormal front-to-back and side-to-side curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis[rarediseases.org]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 4A

    There is evidence of kyphoscoliosis and central beaking. This can be distinguished from the ovoid vertebral bodiesof Hurler’s syndrome and other mucopolysaccharidoses.[sumerdoc.blogspot.com] Marked dwarfism, abnormal curvature of the spine (kyphoscoliosis), and decreased tone and weakness are prominent early childhood presentations.[cjhr.org] […] hyperextension of the neck causing the head to appear as if it were resting directly on the shoulders, short trunk, long extremities with excessive joint mobility, kyphosis or kyphoscoliosis[icd10data.com]

    Missing: Hyperreflectivity of Ganglion Cell Layer

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