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58 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Hypertension, Paranoid State

  • Acute Amphetamine Intoxication

    […] of the hypertension.[merckmanuals.com] Symptoms Manifestations of acute overdosage with amphetamines include restlessness, tremor, hyperreflexia, rapid respiration, confusion, assaultiveness, hallucinations, panic[erowid.org] In both cases, mental status changed, passing through three distinct stages: restlessness and insomnia, hallucinatory paranoid state, and disturbance of consciousness.”[idmu.co.uk]

  • Amphetamine Delusional Disorder

    Hallucinations, Delusions, Aggression, Arrhythmia, dilated pupils, Diarrhea, Hypertension, Hypermedia, Nausea, Rapid breathing, Restlessness, Tremors, Vomiting And in rare[socratic.org] Paranoia and paranoid: a historical perspective. Psychol Med 1970;1:2–12. CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar 3. Tanna V. Paranoid states: a selected review.[link.springer.com] Toxicity is managed with supportive care, including IV benzodiazepines (for agitation, hypertension, and seizures) and cooling techniques (for hyperthermia).[msdmanuals.com]

  • Crack Ingestion

    Signs of intoxication were hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia, agitation, and generalized seizure activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cocaine abusers can also experience severe paranoia -- a temporary state of full-blown paranoid psychosis -- in which they lose touch with reality and experience auditory[thebody.com] Primary initial treatment of hypertension consists of an intravenous benzodiazepine, such as diazepam 5 to 10 mg IV prn.[calsprogram.org]

  • Anxiety Disorder

    Main Outcomes and Measures: Among mothers: preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and hypertensive diseases of pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with paranoid elements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Anxiety disorders may also contribute to morbidity and mortality via direct stimulation such as hypertension or cardiac arrhythmia or neuroimmune and neuroendocrine mechanisms[symptoma.com]

  • Barbiturate Withdrawal

    Signs and symptoms associated with amphetamine use include mydriasis (dilated pupils), sweating, increased temperature, tachycardia (rapid pulse), and hypertension.[medical.tpub.com] Symptoms are similar to those of alcohol withdrawal and include tachycardia, seizures, tremor, and hyperreflexia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Paranoid ideas are frequent. Bannisteria Caapi intoxication specifically reproduces the state of withdrawal. Everything looks threatening.[cs.cmu.edu]

  • Phencyclidine Intoxication

    The prevalent clinical signs and symptoms were the following: retrograde amnesia, nystagmus, hypertension, and psychomotor agitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] are higher still, disassociation can become severe and response to external stimuli is impaired, with combativeness, ataxia, dysarthria, muscular hypertonicity, nystagmus, hyperreflexia[merckmanuals.com] […] delusions Catatonia Speech difficulties Depersonalization Salivation Seizures Coma Death According to the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), around 75,000 people in the United States[riveroakstreatment.com]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    Clinically, although cocaine abuse is associated with elevated blood pressure, persistent accelerated hypertension reaching levels diagnostic of malignant hypertension is[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The physical symptoms include an increase in the heart rate, hyperreflexia, mydriasis and initial nausea.[lecturio.com] […] thoughts or mental state Withdrawal Symptoms If a person stops cocaine use develops withdrawal symptoms, this is a huge indicator of cocaine abuse and addiction.[thecanyonmalibu.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    They studied 23 high-dose chronic alcohol consumers, 27 individuals with long-standing hypertension, and 11 healthy controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abrupt withdrawal of alcohol in addiction causes weakness, sweating, and hyperreflexia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] In chronic alcoholism a paranoid condition may occur, and this often is incurable.[thesaurus.com]

  • Thyrotoxicosis Factitia

    On admission, he was hypertensive, tachycardic and found to be thyrotoxic secondary to excess thyroid hormone ingestion. Treatment with iopanoic acid was started.[paperity.org] Features of thyrotoxicosis like anxiety, hyperactivity, increased perspiration, dyspnea, intolerance to heat, unexplained weight loss, diarrhea, fine tremors, hyperreflexia[symptoma.com] An 18-year-old male presented at the emergency department due to abnormal behavior, psychomotor agitation, sexual hyperactivity, and a paranoid mental state.[kjim.org]

  • Wilson Disease

    Abstract Liver transplantation (LT) is a life-saving and curative treatment for Wilson disease (WD), providing restoration of function of the liver and mitigation of portal hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had severe neurologic manifestations of Wilson disease pretransplant, including dysarthria, hyperreflexia, asymmetrical ataxia, tremor, bradyphrenia, and shuffling[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complications from liver disease may be related to portal hypertension and concomitant liver disease may accelerate the course of liver disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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