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597 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Hyporeflexia

  • Spinal Cord Neoplasm

    As spinal cord compromise advances, hyperreflexia and Babinski reflexes are typically present. Lax rectal sphincter tone is a late sign of spinal cord dysfunction.[emedicine.medscape.com] Exam) Symmetric motor weakness In Epidural Spinal Cord Compression, motor deficits are more common than sensory Pain on Vertebra l body compression Early changes Flaccidity Hyporeflexia[fpnotebook.com] Physical Findings on physical examination correspond to the location of the tumor, degree of cord impingement, and duration, and may include the following: Spasticity; hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Myelitis

    The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org] In our study, however, 66% of patients had detrusor areflexia or hyporeflexia.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Friedreich Ataxia

    We report two patients with delayed-onset, hyperreflexia and gradually progressive disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His examination was significant for spastic gait, hyperreflexia, and sensory neuropathy. Genetic testing revealed a compound heterozygous mutation in the FXN gene.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical picture consisted of progressive spastic gait, truncal and limb ataxia, dysarthria, nystagmus, hyperreflexia with knee and ankle clonus and extensor plantar response[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    Last neurological examination in 1999 showed no nystagmus anymore, but extremely dystrophic limbs, truncal deformation, due to severe scoliosis, tetraplegia with hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two brothers with profound neonatal hypotonia and hyporeflexia and electrodiagnostic testing consistent with lower motor neuron pathology were found to have a leukodystrophy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] after birth, X-linked recessive inheritance; type 3, transitional, with death in the first decade; type 4, adult form associated with involuntary movements, ataxia, and hyperreflexia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Those with diabetes also had a significantly higher incidence of hyporeflexia and a higher incidence of a positive Babinski sign, but there was no difference in the appearance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski, and Hoffman signs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction "Lower motor neuron" findings such as upper extremity hyporeflexia[emoryhealthcare.org]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    Some people with pernicious anemia may also become extremely irritable or depressed and, in some rare cases, even experience paranoia (megaloblastic madness).[rarediseases.org] Pernicious Anemia Macrocytic anemia, glossitis, peripheral neuropathy, weakness, hyperreflexia, ataxia, and other neurological manifestations characterize classical vitamin[clinlabnavigator.com] […] impaired ability to coordinate movement (ataxia), a positive Babinski sign (outward motion of the big toe caused by stroking the sole of the foot), and/or exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia[rarediseases.org]

  • Hyponatremia

    Hypernatremia can cause: confusion neuromuscular excitability hyperreflexia seizures coma Healthline and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase[healthline.com] Apart from reduced muscle power (4/5) and hyporeflexia, the neurological examination was normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Transverse Myelitis

    Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org] […] nonspecific viral illness) • ATM, the onset of spinal cord dysfunction usually progress in 4 hours to 21 days, the patient's signs usually plateau and evolve toward spasticity/hyperreflexia[slideshare.net]

  • Myelopathy

    Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features vary depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion[amboss.com] […] findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski, and Hoffman signs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction "Lower motor neuron" findings such as upper extremity hyporeflexia[emoryhealthcare.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] WikEM: Epidural abscess (spinal) Motor Neuron Signs Upper Motor Neuron: Spasticity Hyperreflexia Pronator drift Babinski Lower Motor Neuron: Flaccidity Hyporeflexia Fasciculation[ddxof.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com]

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