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39 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Hyporeflexia, Unilateral Arm Weakness

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    Atrophy may be present, but hyperreflexia and spasticity are not seen.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MMN can usually be distinguished from ALS by its more slowly progressive disease course, the absence of upper-motor-neuron signs such as spasticity and hyperreflexia and the[mmcneuro.wordpress.com] Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response).[clinicaltrials.gov]

  • Stroke

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) in stroke rehabilitation assessment in China and to identify correlations between the ICF and several commonly used clinical assessment instruments for stroke.In total, 52 hospitals and 5 premier[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] […] neurone lesion Lower motor neurone lesion Paralysis Spastic-type contracture Flaccid-type contractures may develop Tendon reflexes Exaggerated; hyperreflexia Reduced/absent; hyporeflexia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Patient A was a 71-year-old man who presented with unilateral arm weakness and wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Symptoms and Signs Before a specific syndrome develops, symptoms include lagging motor development and often persistent infantile reflex patterns, hyperreflexia, and altered[merckmanuals.com] […] the most common type and accounts for approximately 80% of cases [12] ; this type of cerebral palsy is characterized by spasticity (velocity-dependent increase in tone), hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com] Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophies, and neuromuscular junction disorders associated with hypotonia and hyporeflexia usually lack signs of cerebral disease[merckmanuals.com]

  • Cervical Spine Disease

    Lower motor neurone signs in the upper limbs (atrophy, hyporeflexia).[patient.info] It is typically unilateral. Numbness and weakness follow the same distribution. Some patients will exhibit signs and symptoms of radiculopathy and myelopathy.[aafp.org] Patients most frequently present with hyperreflexia (21%) and weakness (21%), and there were various conservative treatment strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mononeuritis Multiplex

    CNS Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, upgoing plantar reflexes) are usually seen distal to the lesion.[clinicaladvisor.com] Brisk reflexes point to a central cause, whereas hyporeflexia or areflexia suggest a peripheral problem.[rcemlearning.co.uk] Brisk reflexes point to a central cause, whereas hyporeflexia or areflexia suggest a peripheral problem Diagnosing acute peripheral neuropathies are particularly important[rcemlearning.co.uk]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Lee, MD Spinal shock is a combination of areflexia/hyporeflexia and autonomic dysfunction that accompanies spinal cord injury.[healio.com] Patient 1, a 43-year-old woman, was involved in a motor vehicle accident and sustained left-side C5-7 level hemicord injury causing ipsilateral proximal arm weakness and sensory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tabes Dorsalis

    […] incontinence ; Ataxia ; severely impaired position and vibratory sense, abnormal gait (see Gait disorders , Neurologic ), Optic atrophy ; Argyll-Robertson pupils, hypotonia, hyperreflexia[jove.com] Time period after infection Hyporeflexia (50%) Sensory impairment (48%) Pupillary changes, Argyll Robertson Pupil (43%) Positive romberg (24%) What is pathognomonic for neurosyphilis[quizlet.com] The patient stands with unilateral weakness on the affected side, arm flexed, adducted and internally rotated.[stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu]

  • Myelopathy

    Clinical features vary depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion[amboss.com] It is typically unilateral. Numbness and weakness follow the same distribution. Some patients will exhibit signs and symptoms of radiculopathy and myelopathy.[aafp.org] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinal Cord Compression

    Physical examination revealed hyperreflexia and a T11 sensory level. MRI revealed a pseudomeningocele compressing the thoracic spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] brisk reflexes and spasticity At the level of compression there are usually lower motor neuron signs (due to compression of the nerve roots as well as spinal cord) i.e. hyporeflexia[dundeemedstudentnotes.wordpress.com] It is typically unilateral. Numbness and weakness follow the same distribution. Some patients will exhibit signs and symptoms of radiculopathy and myelopathy.[aafp.org]

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