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44 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Increased Ankle Reflex, Long Tract Signs

  • Myelopathy

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Thus these medical signs will become pathological: Increased tension in the leg muscles (Hyperreflexia) Accentuated reflexes of the knee and ankle Forced extension of the[dr-bertagnoli.com] Upper motor neuron signs elicited were: a positive Hoffman’s bilaterally and hyperreflexia bilaterally. Babinski sign was negative bilaterally.[aclr.com.es] , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com] tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org]

  • Myelitis

    The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] of deep tendon reflexes in the legs, loss of ankle flexibility, and decrease of sensation in the legs.[encyclopedia.com] People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] None LL reflexes Increased Increased Increased Increased Increased Muscle wasting None Distal LL None n.a. None Extensor plantar reflex Yes Yes Yes n.a.[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com]

  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Tumor

    In the classical case the tumor therefore presents with an early segmental differential sensory deficit, later followed by long tract signs, with subsequent weakness & wasting[thamburaj.com] Other signs evident upon physical examination may include spine tenderness, stiffening of gait, trophic changes of extremity, sensory loss, hyperreflexia, clonus, and scoliosis[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Muscle tone was slightly increased in the lower limbs. There was no clonus. Deep tendon reflexes were traced in the upper extremities, 2 at the knees, 2 at the ankles.[egms.de] The symptoms and signs depend upon the level of the spinal cord involved and the extent of the involvement of the various long tracts .[psychology.wikia.com] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurologic examination revealed severe right leg weakness with hyperreflexia, ankle clonus, and a questionable plantar response.[thefreelibrary.com]

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