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22 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Limitation of Neck Movement, Long Tract Signs

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Rest In the acute phase, you may need to wear a cervical collar to limit neck movement and relieve the nerve irritation.[nni.com.sg] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Limit neck movement. Take these measures to prevent falls: Remove throw rugs and other obstacles from the floor. Install a night-light near stairs and your bed.[uvahealth.com] Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es]

  • Myelopathy

    Limit neck movement. Take these measures to prevent falls: Remove throw rugs and other obstacles from the floor. Install a night light near the stairs and your bed.[health.cvs.com] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    Her airway assessment showed a Mallampatti grade II and limited neck movements associated with pain and vertigo; a difficult intubation was anticipated.[apicareonline.com] Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[neckandback.com] Routine preoperative investigations were within normal limits. Preoperative electrocardiography (ECG) showed sinus tachycardia. Chest X-ray was unremarkable.[apicareonline.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    If there is an injury in the cervical area, it will result in tetraplegia/quadriplegia , meaning there is limited or absent feeling or movement below the shoulders/neck.[shepherd.org] Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] neck movement in these circumstances.[pn.bmj.com]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    Immobilization will limit your movement for months as your injury heals.[drugs.com] Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] The chin limits forward flexion but the forward movement may be sufficient to cause longitudinal distraction and neurological damage.[patient.info]

  • Cervical Radiculitis

    If your diagnosis is mild, your treatment options include rest and collar immobilization, which simply helps you to limit the amount of movement in your neck to allow time[plg-pllc.com] Intermittent shooting shock-like pains into UE and/or LE, especially when flexing neck (Lermitte's phenomenon) Sensory deficits Bowel/bladder symptoms Cervical Myelopathy - signs *Hyperreflexia[quizlet.com] Fortunately, she does not have overt myelopathy (long tract signs), but was found to have a positive Hoffmann's signs.[spineuniverse.com]

  • Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency

    Limited mobility and/or flexibility of the back and neck and/or significant pain with movements such as these can eliminate the Dix-Hallpike and VBI screening from consideration[vestibular.org] In general, a combination of cranial nerve palsies and long tract signs localizes the lesion to the brain stem and should, therefore, trigger a posterior circulation vascular[jaocr.org]

  • Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Spine

    Upon physical examination, his neck movement was slightly restricted, but his dysesthesia was not made worse by neck movement.[jaclinicalreports.springeropen.com] Seven of them showed clinical signs of long tract involvement of the spinal cord.[neurology.org] […] known as ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine , is related to hypophosphatasia, adult and acute frontal sinusitis , and has symptoms including hyperreflexia[malacards.org]

  • Cervical Spine Disease

    Symptoms include pain when moving the neck and limited neck movement.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Patients most frequently present with hyperreflexia (21%) and weakness (21%), and there were various conservative treatment strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Class III patients have objective weakness and long tract signs. Class IIIA patients are ambulatory whereas IIIB patients are non-ambulatory [ 67 ].[arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com]

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