130 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Myelopathy

    […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I

    Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[neckandback.com] Upper spinal cord compression will cause long tract signs (hyperreflexia, Hoffman’s sign, clonus and Babinski’s reflex).[neckandback.com]

  • Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] […] with paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction Incomplete spinal cord syndromes Unilateral motor or sensory deficits [ 10 ] Gait ataxia [10] Reflexes may vary from absent to hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Subependymoma

    Papilledema with transient obscurations of vision may be present in individuals with long-standing raised intracranial pressure. Ataxia in itself is a nonspecific sign.[ependymomas.com] On examination, he had right partial cranial nerve (CN) VII and right CN VIII palsies, nystagmus, right-sided dysmetria, and hyperreflexia.[ajnr.org] It may be related to ventriculomegaly with stretching of the corticospinal tract fibers, or it may he a sign of tumor arising from the floor of the fourth ventricle, especially[ependymomas.com]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] Hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski signs, and Hoffmann signs indicate spinal cord compression, although areflexia is common initially in an emergency injury.[orthopaedicsone.com] This is characterized by spastic motor paralysis with hyperactive tendon reflexes, occasionally severe autonomic hyperreflexia, and some return of involuntary bladder function[trauma.org]

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    Patients with the early juvenile form (4-6 y) tend to present with loss of motor developmental milestones; the most obvious signs are gait disturbances, ataxia, hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com] There was hyperreflexia in both upper and lower limbs and spastic paraplegia with a bilateral Babinski sign.[journals.plos.org] Diagnosis Diagnosis of HSP is based upon individual and family-history as well as clinical and neurological findings such as spastic weakness, hyperreflexia and extensor plantar[scielo.br]

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