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149 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org]

  • Myelopathy

    A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

  • Myelitis

    The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] […] with paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction Incomplete spinal cord syndromes Unilateral motor or sensory deficits [ 10 ] Gait ataxia [10] Reflexes may vary from absent to hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] Hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski signs, and Hoffmann signs indicate spinal cord compression, although areflexia is common initially in an emergency injury.[orthopaedicsone.com] This is characterized by spastic motor paralysis with hyperactive tendon reflexes, occasionally severe autonomic hyperreflexia, and some return of involuntary bladder function[trauma.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[aafp.org] Clinical Loss of fine motor skills, triad of atrophic weakness of hands and forearms; leg spasticity; generalised hyperreflexia. Management Possibly riluzole.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com] There was hyperreflexia in both upper and lower limbs and spastic paraplegia with a bilateral Babinski sign.[journals.plos.org] SPG2 is characterized by spastic gait and hyperreflexia.[web.expasy.org]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] Hyperreflexia . Heightened deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle are potential indicators of spinal cord compression and dysfunction. Clonus .[spine-health.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com]

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