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1,946 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    tract signs, facial dysmorphism and adducted thumbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On neurological examination, he showed hyperreflexia, spasticity, and weakness in the lower extremities and bilateral Babinski reflexes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] FDA bans quinine for nocturnal leg cramps. Drug Utilization Rev . 1995; Oct:150. 26. Moss AH, Casey P, Stocking CB, Roos RP, Brooks BR, Siegler M.[aafp.org] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    The clinical symptoms of cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) are motor loss or atrophy with an absent or insignificant sensory deficit or a long tract sign; however, the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Cord Compression

    Two patients did not show satisfactory improvement after the decompression of the entrapment lesions, and six patients had hyperreflexia of lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both the Chiari I and cervical compression groups had long tract signs evident on clinical neurological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diabetes may affect the typical physical findings associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, as coexisting diabetic neuropathy may dampen expected hyperreflexia and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Myelitis

    The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Graves Disease

    His exam is also notable for hyperreflexia and enlargement around his neck. An EKG reveals the following in figure A.[step2.medbullets.com] HLA-B8, Dr3 association Often incited during stress e.g. childbirth, infection, steroid withdrawal Presentation Symptoms heat intolerance weight loss hyperactive diarrhea hyperreflexia[step2.medbullets.com]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs
  • Pernicious Anemia

    Some people with pernicious anemia may also become extremely irritable or depressed and, in some rare cases, even experience paranoia (megaloblastic madness).[rarediseases.org] Pernicious Anemia Macrocytic anemia, glossitis, peripheral neuropathy, weakness, hyperreflexia, ataxia, and other neurological manifestations characterize classical vitamin[clinlabnavigator.com] […] impaired ability to coordinate movement (ataxia), a positive Babinski sign (outward motion of the big toe caused by stroking the sole of the foot), and/or exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia[rarediseases.org]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs

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