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1,880 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    FDA bans quinine for nocturnal leg cramps. Drug Utilization Rev . 1995; Oct:150. 26. Moss AH, Casey P, Stocking CB, Roos RP, Brooks BR, Siegler M.[aafp.org] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com] 12, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; SPG12]() Human gene(s) implicated [RETICULON 2; RTN2]() Symptoms and phenotype Spastic paraplegia 12 is characterized by lower limb spasticity and hyperreflexia[flybase.org]

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Spondylosis

    tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Graves Disease

    His exam is also notable for hyperreflexia and enlargement around his neck. An EKG reveals the following in figure A.[step2.medbullets.com] HLA-B8, Dr3 association Often incited during stress e.g. childbirth, infection, steroid withdrawal Presentation Symptoms heat intolerance weight loss hyperactive diarrhea hyperreflexia[step2.medbullets.com]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs
  • Hypocalcemia

    Severe hypocalcemia with serum calcium 7 mg/dL ( 1.75 mmol/L) may cause hyperreflexia, tetany, laryngospasm, or generalized seizures.[merckmanuals.com] Severe hypocalcemia (serum calcium 7 mg/dL [ 1.75 mmol/L]) may cause hyperreflexia, tetany (paresthesias of the lips, tongue, fingers, and feet, carpopedal and/or facial spasms[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs
  • Pernicious Anemia

    Some people with pernicious anemia may also become extremely irritable or depressed and, in some rare cases, even experience paranoia (megaloblastic madness).[rarediseases.org] Pernicious Anemia Macrocytic anemia, glossitis, peripheral neuropathy, weakness, hyperreflexia, ataxia, and other neurological manifestations characterize classical vitamin[clinlabnavigator.com] […] impaired ability to coordinate movement (ataxia), a positive Babinski sign (outward motion of the big toe caused by stroking the sole of the foot), and/or exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia[rarediseases.org]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs
  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] […] with paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction Incomplete spinal cord syndromes Unilateral motor or sensory deficits [ 10 ] Gait ataxia [10] Reflexes may vary from absent to hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp

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