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1,904 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    FDA bans quinine for nocturnal leg cramps. Drug Utilization Rev . 1995; Oct:150. 26. Moss AH, Casey P, Stocking CB, Roos RP, Brooks BR, Siegler M.[aafp.org] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] On neurological examination, he showed hyperreflexia, spasticity, and weakness in the lower extremities and bilateral Babinski reflexes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Spondylosis

    tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Cervical Cord Compression

    Two patients did not show satisfactory improvement after the decompression of the entrapment lesions, and six patients had hyperreflexia of lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both the Chiari I and cervical compression groups had long tract signs evident on clinical neurological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[nejm.org]

    Missing: Nocturnal Leg Cramp
  • Graves Disease

    His exam is also notable for hyperreflexia and enlargement around his neck. An EKG reveals the following in figure A.[step2.medbullets.com] HLA-B8, Dr3 association Often incited during stress e.g. childbirth, infection, steroid withdrawal Presentation Symptoms heat intolerance weight loss hyperactive diarrhea hyperreflexia[step2.medbullets.com]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs
  • Hypocalcemia

    Severe hypocalcemia with serum calcium 7 mg/dL ( 1.75 mmol/L) may cause hyperreflexia, tetany, laryngospasm, or generalized seizures.[merckmanuals.com] Severe hypocalcemia (serum calcium 7 mg/dL [ 1.75 mmol/L]) may cause hyperreflexia, tetany (paresthesias of the lips, tongue, fingers, and feet, carpopedal and/or facial spasms[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Long Tract Signs

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