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102 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs, Paraparesis

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    The authors present a case of a premature twin neonate who developed an epidural abscess with complete paraparesis after coagulase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] This 15-year-old patient presented with right shoulder pain in the absence of the fever, back pain, or long-tract signs; therefore, the diagnosis of the spinal pathology was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelopathy

    We present a case where progressive severe spastic paraparesis due to HM was substantially reversed with partial splenic artery emobilization (PSAE).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    The images are of a patient who developed a paraparesis after stenting of an aortic aneurysm.[radiologyassistant.nl] Both the Chiari I and cervical compression groups had long tract signs evident on clinical neurological examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two patients did not show satisfactory improvement after the decompression of the entrapment lesions, and six patients had hyperreflexia of lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    […] myelitis may be associated with spastic paraparesis.[spandidos-publications.com] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] The symptoms and signs depend upon the level of the spinal cord involved and the extent of the involvement of the various long tracts .[psychology.wikia.com]

  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Tumor

    There may be paraparesis and, if the tumour is large enough, paralysis.[patient.info] A patient, presenting with incapacitating diarrhea of 1-month duration, developed orthostatic hypotension and progressive long tract central nervous system signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other signs evident upon physical examination may include spine tenderness, stiffening of gait, trophic changes of extremity, sensory loss, hyperreflexia, clonus, and scoliosis[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Myelitis

    A 21-year-old woman presented with acute-onset spastic paraparesis. The MRI spinal scan revealed a contrast-enhanced T2 hyperintensity between C5-T2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[aafp.org]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Term Name: hereditary spastic paraplegia Search Ontology: Synonyms: familial spastic paraplegia, French settlement disease, hereditary spastic paraparesis (all 4) familial[zfin.org] People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] HSP is also known as familial paraparesis or Strumpell-Lorrain syndrome and refers to a group of inherited disorders that affect the leg muscles, causing them to progressively[ottobock.co.uk]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Early symptoms may include numbness and/or paresthesia, mono- or paraparesis, double vision, optic neuritis, ataxia, and bladder control problems.[library.med.utah.edu] Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[aetna.com] ., hemiparesis or paraparesis). Brainstem involvement may present as diplopia, altered sensation or weakness of the face, or ataxia.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Spastic paraparesis and progressive ataxia are principal symptoms in this subset of patients.[symptoma.com] Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] Also known as progressive myelopathy, the symptoms may include: An increasingly spastic gait referred to as spastic paraparesis, in which the legs will begin to stiffen, causing[verywell.com]

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