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99 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs, Paraparesis

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Whatever the infectious agent, paraparesis for longer than 4 days led to a poor outcome.[neurology.org] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] Spinal cord syndromes, typically involving paraparesis with prospective progression to paraplegia (Epidural abscesses at the level of the cauda equina cause symptoms consistent[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Myelopathy

    All patients presented with paraparesis or paraplegia resulting from lesions at the thoracic or cervicothoracic levels.[jamanetwork.com] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu]

  • Myelitis

    Paraparesis often progresses to paraplegia (paralysis of the legs and lower part of the trunk). Urinary bladder and bowel dysfunction is common.[cidpusa.org] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    […] myelitis may be associated with spastic paraparesis.[spandidos-publications.com] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] The symptoms and signs depend upon the level of the spinal cord involved and the extent of the involvement of the various long tracts .[psychology.wikia.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[aafp.org]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    The images are of a patient who developed a paraparesis after stenting of an aortic aneurysm.[radiologyassistant.nl] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com]

  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Tumor

    There may be paraparesis and, if the tumour is large enough, paralysis.[patient.info] Other signs evident upon physical examination may include spine tenderness, stiffening of gait, trophic changes of extremity, sensory loss, hyperreflexia, clonus, and scoliosis[emedicine.medscape.com] In the classical case the tumor therefore presents with an early segmental differential sensory deficit, later followed by long tract signs, with subsequent weakness & wasting[thamburaj.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Term Name: hereditary spastic paraplegia Search Ontology: Synonyms: familial spastic paraplegia, French settlement disease, hereditary spastic paraparesis (all 4) familial[zfin.org] People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] HSP is also known as familial paraparesis or Strumpell-Lorrain syndrome and refers to a group of inherited disorders that affect the leg muscles, causing them to progressively[ottobock.co.uk]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Early symptoms may include numbness and/or paresthesia, mono- or paraparesis, double vision, optic neuritis, ataxia, and bladder control problems.[library.med.utah.edu] Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[aetna.com] ., hemiparesis or paraparesis). Brainstem involvement may present as diplopia, altered sensation or weakness of the face, or ataxia.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    The images are of a patient who developed a paraparesis after stenting of an aortic aneurysm.[radiologyassistant.nl] The neurologic examination usually reveals symmetric weakness with either flaccidity and hyporeflexia (if the diagnosis is made early) or spasticity and hyperreflexia (if[aafp.org] Two out of three patients who could walk before treatment will continue to do so after treatment, while 1 out of 3 will become ambulatory if they had mild to moderate paraparesis[clinicaladvisor.com]

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