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276 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Muscle Twitch, Myelopathy

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    We herein report a case of Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy with bulbar palsy-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] twitching for 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism

    Literature was searched using cross-reference of PHP and the terms "spinal stenosis," "myelopathy", "myelopathic," and "spinal cord compression."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia. Other symptoms and signs depend on the aetiology: DiGeorge's syndrome : Recurrent infections due to T-cell immunodeficiency.[patient.info] Some people also experience tetany, a term that describes a collection of symptoms such as spasms in the hands and feet and muscle twitches.[floridahospital.com]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM) is a rare event that occurs after spinal cord trauma or ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This eventually leads to muscle weakening, twitching, and an inability to move the arms, legs, and body. The condition slowly gets worse.[neuralstem.com]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    BACKGROUND: Surfer’s myelopathy is a rare, acute, atraumatic myelopathy that occurs in novice surfers.[neurosurgerycns.wordpress.com] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[symptoma.com] A 48-year-old man with syncope and diffuse muscle twitches. Neurohospitalist. 2012 Jul; 2(3):107-11. PMID: 23983873; PMCID: PMC3726089.[connects.catalyst.harvard.edu]

  • Myelitis

    Spondylotic myelopathy is the commonest cause of nontraumatic myelopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Inflammatory myelopathy is an inflammatory neurological disorder of the spinal cord (myelopathy). It occurs in 1 (severe) to 8 (mild) cases/million per year.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelopathy

    Cause: Various factors give rise to myelopathy.[symptoma.com] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com]

  • Acute Transverse Myelitis

    Because the inflammatory myelopathy is the second cause of myelopathy in pregnant women.[article.sciencepublishinggroup.com] Flaccid weakness gradually changes to pyramidal tract signs, with hyperreflexia, clonus, and extensor responses.[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Neurological Examination: spastic paraplegia, Babinski sign bilateral patellar, hyperreflexia and aquiliana, sensorial level T4.[omicsonline.org]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    Spinal form CTX should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cryptogenic myelopathy, especially in patients with a long spinal cord lesion, as treatment with chenodeoxycholic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] reflexly to cause the normally visible muscle twitch.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is one of the subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) distinguished by a slow and irreversible course of myelopathy and overall neurological[symptoma.com] Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] This variant, often in the guise of a chronic progressive myelopathy or, less commonly, progressive cerebellar or bulbar dysfunction, usually responds poorly to corticosteroids[springer.com]

  • Paraplegia

    […] underlying a dural arteriovenous fistula, in contrast to historical views suggesting that these lesions result from irreversible venous thrombosis, resulting in necrotic myelopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Definition Patients with a spinal cord injury at T7 or higher are at risk for autonomic hyperreflexia.[openanesthesia.org] Conversion to type II fibers has been suggested to occur between 4 months and 2 years after injury, resulting in even slow-twitch muscle becoming predominantly fast twitch[intechopen.com]

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