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276 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Muscle Twitch, Myelopathy

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    We herein report a case of Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy with bulbar palsy-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like symptoms.[] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[] twitching for 3 years.[]

  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism

    Literature was searched using cross-reference of PHP and the terms "spinal stenosis," "myelopathy", "myelopathic," and "spinal cord compression."[] Hyperreflexia. Other symptoms and signs depend on the aetiology: DiGeorge's syndrome : Recurrent infections due to T-cell immunodeficiency.[] Some people also experience tetany, a term that describes a collection of symptoms such as spasms in the hands and feet and muscle twitches.[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM) is a rare event that occurs after spinal cord trauma or ischemia.[] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[] This eventually leads to muscle weakening, twitching, and an inability to move the arms, legs, and body. The condition slowly gets worse.[]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    BACKGROUND: Surfer’s myelopathy is a rare, acute, atraumatic myelopathy that occurs in novice surfers.[] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[] A 48-year-old man with syncope and diffuse muscle twitches. Neurohospitalist. 2012 Jul; 2(3):107-11. PMID: 23983873; PMCID: PMC3726089.[]

  • Myelitis

    Spondylotic myelopathy is the commonest cause of nontraumatic myelopathy.[] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[] Inflammatory myelopathy is an inflammatory neurological disorder of the spinal cord (myelopathy). It occurs in 1 (severe) to 8 (mild) cases/million per year.[]

  • Myelopathy

    Cause: Various factors give rise to myelopathy.[] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[]

  • Acute Transverse Myelitis

    Because the inflammatory myelopathy is the second cause of myelopathy in pregnant women.[] Flaccid weakness gradually changes to pyramidal tract signs, with hyperreflexia, clonus, and extensor responses.[] Neurological Examination: spastic paraplegia, Babinski sign bilateral patellar, hyperreflexia and aquiliana, sensorial level T4.[]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    Spinal form CTX should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cryptogenic myelopathy, especially in patients with a long spinal cord lesion, as treatment with chenodeoxycholic[] Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[] […] reflexly to cause the normally visible muscle twitch.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is one of the subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) distinguished by a slow and irreversible course of myelopathy and overall neurological[] Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[] This variant, often in the guise of a chronic progressive myelopathy or, less commonly, progressive cerebellar or bulbar dysfunction, usually responds poorly to corticosteroids[]

  • Paraplegia

    […] underlying a dural arteriovenous fistula, in contrast to historical views suggesting that these lesions result from irreversible venous thrombosis, resulting in necrotic myelopathy[] Definition Patients with a spinal cord injury at T7 or higher are at risk for autonomic hyperreflexia.[] Conversion to type II fibers has been suggested to occur between 4 months and 2 years after injury, resulting in even slow-twitch muscle becoming predominantly fast twitch[]

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