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179 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Muscle Twitch, Myelopathy

  • Myelopathy

    Cause: Various factors give rise to myelopathy.[] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[] Symptoms and Signs Cord compression commonly causes gradual spastic paresis, paresthesias, or both in the hands and feet and may cause hyperreflexia.[]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Myelopathy work-up Acute intramedullary myelopathy Toxic myelopathy : Can occur hours after intranasal insufflation of heroin.[] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[] Deep tendon reflexes were generalized hyperreflexia. No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[]

  • Acute Transverse Myelitis

    Finally, we suggest an algorithm for the diagnosis and management of acute myelopathies.[] Flaccid weakness gradually changes to pyramidal tract signs, with hyperreflexia, clonus, and extensor responses.[] Sx: leg weakness, sphincter dysfunction, abnormal DTRs [acutely may be absent, but hyperreflexia the rule].[]

  • Myelitis

    INTRODUCTION: Spondylotic myelopathy is the commonest cause of nontraumatic myelopathy.[] Examination reveals moderate paraparesis with hyperreflexia, a left extensor plantar response, impaired vibratory and proprioceptive sensation, and a sensory level at T6.[] Sx: leg weakness, sphincter dysfunction, abnormal DTRs [acutely may be absent, but hyperreflexia the rule].[]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    BACKGROUND: Surfer’s myelopathy is a rare, acute, atraumatic myelopathy that occurs in novice surfers.[] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[] Initially areflexia is present due to spinal shock but, hyperreflexia and spasticity appear later The most common form is anterior spinal artery syndrome.[]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    CONCLUSION: Spinal form CTX should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cryptogenic myelopathy, especially in patients with a long spinal cord lesion, as treatment[] Abstract Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[] MRI is useful in front of myelopathy, showing an enlargement or T2-hyperintense lesion of the posterior funiculus.[]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    BACKGROUND: Subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy (SPAM) is a rare event that occurs after spinal cord trauma or ischemia.[] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[] This eventually leads to muscle weakening, twitching, and an inability to move the arms, legs, and body. The condition slowly gets worse.[]

  • Stiff-Person Syndrome

    Key Words Muscle rigidity muscle spasm myelopathy with rigidity or spasms myelitis This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.[] SYMPTOMS The most common signs are: - hyperreflexia reflexive integrity can be assessed via deep tendon reflexes (as well as resistance to passive stretch), grading it by[] RESULTS: The patient presented with recurrent episodes of vertigo with a pure peripheral pattern and with concomitant episodes of burning muscle pain, muscle twitching, weight[]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    myelopathy, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) myelopathy, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) myelopathy, Lyme disease, syphilis, or adrenomyeloneuropathy.[] No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Abstract We herein report a case of Human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy with bulbar palsy-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like symptoms.[] […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[] twitching for 3 years.[]

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