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32 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Narrowing of Medullary Canal

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the medullary canal [14].[termedia.pl] Objective neurological deficit (upper motor neurone signs in the legs (eg, up-going plantars, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity); lower motor neurone signs in the arms (eg[patient.info]

  • Myelopathy

    Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This narrowing in the lower back (lumbar canal stenosis) produces only radiculopathy (pinched nerve) because the tip of the spinal cord called the conus medullaris is at the[necksolutions.com] Symptoms and Signs Cord compression commonly causes gradual spastic paresis, paresthesias, or both in the hands and feet and may cause hyperreflexia.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This narrowing in the lower back (lumbar canal stenosis) produces only radiculopathy (pinched nerve) because the tip of the spinal cord called the conus medullaris is at the[necksolutions.com] Abstract Diabetes may affect the typical physical findings associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, as coexisting diabetic neuropathy may dampen expected hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinal Cord Compression

    Physical examination revealed hyperreflexia and a T11 sensory level. MRI revealed a pseudomeningocele compressing the thoracic spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a CT scan, a bony tumor rising from the posterior wall of the T3 body narrowing the spinal canal, and the MRI spinal cord compression at the same level and the hydrosyringomyelic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lhermitte's sign (intermittent shooting electrical sensation) and hyperreflexia may be present.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    Two patients did not show satisfactory improvement after the decompression of the entrapment lesions, and six patients had hyperreflexia of lower limbs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This narrowing in the lower back (lumbar canal stenosis) produces only radiculopathy (pinched nerve) because the tip of the spinal cord called the conus medullaris is at the[necksolutions.com] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com]

  • Klippel-Feil Syndrome

    In addition, some individuals may develop increased reflex reactions (hyperreflexia); weakness or paralysis of one side of the body (hemiplegia) or of the legs and the lower[rarediseases.org] Various mechanisms of neural complications have been studied in the literature: medullary abnormality, spinal instability, narrowing of the cervical canal, and vascular dysfunction[ispub.com] […] degenerative disc disease, instability and spinal stenosis at adjacent segments. 2 Patients may present with neck or radicular pain, slowly progressive or acute myelopathy, ataxia, hyperreflexia[radsource.us]

  • Camurati-Engelmann Syndrome

    The sclerosis of the foramen magnum may cause hyperreflexia, weakness, paraparesis and even death. 13 The increase in bone mineral density in the diaphyses may increase the[elsevier.es] Certain bone regions (specifically, the endosteal and periosteal surfaces) become abnormally thickened and hardened, which in turn narrows the medullary canal.[encyclopedia.com] […] of the medullary canals.[synapse.koreamed.org]

  • Narrow Cervical Spinal Canal

    CSC diameter at C5 level on plain radiographs, cervical cord compression and ISI on sagittal T2-weighted MRI, and physical signs related to CM (eg, the Hoffmann reflex, hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] TORG's method proposes that the index, smaller or equal to 0.80 identify a significant narrowing of the cervical canal diameter.[scielo.br] Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia). Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus).[spinepainbegone.com]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    Neurologic examination showed mild leg weakness, hyperreflexia, and a gait that was slow and wide based, at times festinating but with relatively spared arm movement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior view of the lumbar region of the spinal canal, demonstrating the conus medullaris at the L1 to L2 level and the cauda equina nerve roots inferiorly.[aafp.org] Pathophysiology Narrowing of the lumbar canal has many potential causes, and various classification schemes have been devised in order to better describe the pathophysiology[aafp.org]

  • Radiculomyelopathy

    Reflex testing shows hyperreflexia in bilateral Achilles tendons. Lateral radiographs are shown in Figure A, and MRI scan is shown in Figures B and C.[orthobullets.com] The spinal cord terminates in the conus medullaris (L1), which then become lumbosacral roots (cauda equina) descending through the lumbar spinal canal.[consultant360.com] Myelopathic features are characterized by a more abrupt onset and include spastic paraplegia or quadriplegia, hyperreflexia, Babinski reflex, clonus, or a variety of sensory[fluoridealert.org]

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