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357 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurologic examination revealed severe right leg weakness with hyperreflexia, ankle clonus, and a questionable plantar response.[] […] hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with frontal lobe tumors Brainstem and cerebellar tumors induce cranial nerve palsies, ataxia, incoordination, nystagmus[] Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[] It may be associated with stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius with obstructive hydrocephalus, and atrophy of the brain tissue.[]

  • Infratentorial Tumor

    ., hemiparesis, hyperreflexia, clonus).[] The preoperative physical examinations showed dizziness and nystagmus on the bilateral lateral gaze.[] Presentation: The most common presentation of posterior fossa tumors in children is symptomatic elevated ICP secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[] An examination showed decreased strength on the right side, with hyperreflexia and an up-going plantar response.[] Obstructive hydrocephalus is also noted, with dilatation of the lateral ventricles, likely due to compression of the foramen of Monroe.[]

  • Platybasia

    According to Sawin and Menezes series in persons with osteogenesis imperfecta (1997), symptoms and signs included headache (76%), lower cranial nerve dysfunction (68%), hyperreflexia[] Bruns nystagmus in cerebellopontine angle tumor. JAMA Neurol. 2013 ; 70 : 646 - 647. 4. Kim, HJ, Lee, SH, Park, JH, Choi, JY, Kim, JS.[] hydrocephalus.[]

  • Meningitis

    She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[] Less commonly, patients may develop cognitive impairment and gait ataxia due to obstructive hydrocephalus with ventricular dilatation.[] hydrocephalus or develop this complication during therapy.[]

  • Leigh's Disease

    The authors present the case of a 9-year-old girl with dorsal midbrain syndrome causing convergence retraction nystagmus.[] A 4 1/2-month-old girl suffered from psychomotor retardation, generalized hypotonia, poor feeding, hyperreflexia, nystagmus, optical atrophy and choreoathetosis from the age[] Congen ita I Hydrocephalus Secondary to Intra-uterine Germinal Matr I n traven tr i c u I a I Haemorrhage Alan Hill Bohdan Rozdilsky Congenital hydrocephalus most commonly[]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Hyperreflexia suggests an upper motor neuron dysfunction. Hyperreflexia usually has a positive Babinkski's sign and spasticity.[] Frequency HPO Source Accession 1 dysarthria 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001260 2 congenital miosis 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0007728 3 nystagmus[] There may be other signs secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[] Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[] The following are some of the features and symptoms associated with MPS VI: Short stature Macrocephaly (large head) Progressively coarse facial features Communicating hydrocephalus[]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] associated MEB disease include increased pressure within the eyes (infantile glaucoma), clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts), rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[] Paradoxically, some patients have limb spasticity and hyperreflexia with pyramidal signs. No cerebellar signs are present.[] […] hypoplasia are also very frequent.36,38 Ocular involvement is an invariable feature, ranging from severe myopia and retinal hypoplasia to congenital and infantile glaucoma, nystagmus[]

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