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357 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Nystagmus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Neurologic examination revealed severe right leg weakness with hyperreflexia, ankle clonus, and a questionable plantar response.[thefreelibrary.com] […] hemianopia or partial visual field deficits Anosmia may occur with frontal lobe tumors Brainstem and cerebellar tumors induce cranial nerve palsies, ataxia, incoordination, nystagmus[emedicine.medscape.com] Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Eye movement recordings in two patients with Arnold-Chiari malfomation type 1 showed, in addition to downbeat and gaze evoked nystagmus, intermittent nystagmus of skew.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[orpha.net] It may be associated with stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius with obstructive hydrocephalus, and atrophy of the brain tissue.[whonamedit.com]

  • Infratentorial Tumor

    ., hemiparesis, hyperreflexia, clonus).[obgynkey.com] The preoperative physical examinations showed dizziness and nystagmus on the bilateral lateral gaze.[e-arm.org] Presentation: The most common presentation of posterior fossa tumors in children is symptomatic elevated ICP secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[ispn.guide]

  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An examination showed decreased strength on the right side, with hyperreflexia and an up-going plantar response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Obstructive hydrocephalus is also noted, with dilatation of the lateral ventricles, likely due to compression of the foramen of Monroe.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Platybasia

    According to Sawin and Menezes series in persons with osteogenesis imperfecta (1997), symptoms and signs included headache (76%), lower cranial nerve dysfunction (68%), hyperreflexia[dizziness-and-balance.com] Bruns nystagmus in cerebellopontine angle tumor. JAMA Neurol. 2013 ; 70 : 646 - 647. 4. Kim, HJ, Lee, SH, Park, JH, Choi, JY, Kim, JS.[cambridge.org] hydrocephalus.[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com]

  • Meningitis

    She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Less commonly, patients may develop cognitive impairment and gait ataxia due to obstructive hydrocephalus with ventricular dilatation.[doi.org] hydrocephalus or develop this complication during therapy.[doi.org]

  • Leigh's Disease

    The authors present the case of a 9-year-old girl with dorsal midbrain syndrome causing convergence retraction nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 4 1/2-month-old girl suffered from psychomotor retardation, generalized hypotonia, poor feeding, hyperreflexia, nystagmus, optical atrophy and choreoathetosis from the age[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Congen ita I Hydrocephalus Secondary to Intra-uterine Germinal Matr I n traven tr i c u I a I Haemorrhage Alan Hill Bohdan Rozdilsky Congenital hydrocephalus most commonly[docslide.net]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Hyperreflexia suggests an upper motor neuron dysfunction. Hyperreflexia usually has a positive Babinkski's sign and spasticity.[wikidoc.org] Frequency HPO Source Accession 1 dysarthria 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0001260 2 congenital miosis 60 33 hallmark (90%) Very frequent (99-80%) HP:0007728 3 nystagmus[malacards.org] There may be other signs secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[patient.info]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[aetna.com] The following are some of the features and symptoms associated with MPS VI: Short stature Macrocephaly (large head) Progressively coarse facial features Communicating hydrocephalus[biomarin.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    […] associated MEB disease include increased pressure within the eyes (infantile glaucoma), clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts), rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[rarediseases.org] Paradoxically, some patients have limb spasticity and hyperreflexia with pyramidal signs. No cerebellar signs are present.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu] […] hypoplasia are also very frequent.36,38 Ocular involvement is an invariable feature, ranging from severe myopia and retinal hypoplasia to congenital and infantile glaucoma, nystagmus[healio.com]

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