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915 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Parkinson's Disease

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, both progressive neurodegenerative diseases, affect 1 million Americans (1,2).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com]

  • Hypoparathyroidism

    Hyperreflexia. Other symptoms and signs depend on the aetiology: DiGeorge's syndrome : Recurrent infections due to T-cell immunodeficiency.[patient.info] Hypoparathyroidism increases the risk of: Addison disease (only if the cause is autoimmune) Cataracts Parkinson disease Pernicious anemia (only if the cause is autoimmune)[nlm.nih.gov] There is an increased risk of pernicious anemia, Addison's disease, cataract development, and Parkinson's disease.[uclahealth.org]

  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism

    RATIONALE: Parkinsonism can be secondary to many internal diseases, in some certain conditions, it seems that the clinical manifestations of parkinsonism presenting reversible[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia. Other symptoms and signs depend on the aetiology: DiGeorge's syndrome : Recurrent infections due to T-cell immunodeficiency.[patient.info] What is and what is not ‘Fahr’s disease’. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2005;11(2):73-80. .[revistas.unal.edu.co]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    As a depressant, alcohol can trigger episodes of depression, anxiety and lethargy, brain damage (Korsakoff's syndrome), and Parkinson's disease.[uncommonhelp.me] […] suspect benzodiazepine-induced delirium and trial flumazenil among patients with persistent confusion whose withdrawal seemed to have resolved (e.g. normal vital signs, no hyperreflexia[emcrit.org] Crossref , PubMed , Google Scholar Krystal J.H, Webb E, Grillon C, Cooney N, Casal L, Morgan C.A, Southwick S.M, Davis M& Charney D.S . 1997 Evidence of acoustic startle hyperreflexia[doi.org]

  • Dementia

    Clinical examination revealed several elements of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To determine which clinical features best characterize Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), compared with Alzheimer disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and to determine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Several recent studies have shown that dementia is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and that in some patients, cognitive impairment occurs even at the time of diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale; MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination; PD: Parkinson disease; PDD: Parkinson disease dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).[doi.org] Purpose/Aim of the study: To study finger displacement in patients with Parkinson disease dementia (PDD) and in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 9

    Parkinson's disease type 9 (PD9) is an atypical, juvenile-onset form of Parkinson's disease that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.[symptoma.com] Torticollis Slow saccadic eye movements Supranuclear gaze palsy Aggressive behavior Psychotic episodes Dementia Hallucinations Seizures Spasticity Parkinsonism Myoclonus Hyperreflexia[familydiagnosis.com] […] typically seen Oculogyric dystonic spasms (rotating of the eye balls into a fixed position, usually upward) Pyramidal tract (motor pathway between brain and spine) signs Hyperreflexia[nbiacure.org]

  • Stroke

    Cerebral glucose metabolism and cognition in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease: ICICLE-PD study , A J Yarnall , R A Lawson , G W Duncan , T K Khoo , G S Petrides , J T O'Brien[jnnp.bmj.com] Recent findings Cholinesterase inhibitors improve attention, as well as memory, in several conditions including cortical Lewy body disease, Parkinson's disease dementia, traumatic[doi.org] Fregni F et al . (2005) Non-invasive brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature .[doi.org]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Disease: 13 people, 46.43% Osteoporosis (bones weak and more likely to break): 13 people, 46.43% Osteopenia (a condition where bone mineral density is lower than normal):[ehealthme.com] % 50-59: 20.83 % 60 : 75.0 % Top conditions involved for these people *: Metastases To Bone (cancer spreads to bone): 14 people, 50.00% Breast Cancer: 13 people, 46.43% Parkinson's[ehealthme.com]

  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    Clinical manifestations include tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, postural instability, spasticity, mainly in the lower limbs, and hyperreflexia.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Keywords: Fbxo7/PARK15, F-box protein, SCF-ligase, ubiquitin, E3 ligase, Parkinson’s disease, mitophagy.[eurekaselect.com] The pyramidal features include paraparesis, scissoring of gait, Bakinski sign, hyperreflexia, and pseudobulbar effect.[neurologyindia.com]

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