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41 Possible Causes for Hyperreflexia, Unilateral Arm Weakness

  • Stroke

    An examination showed decreased strength on the right side, with hyperreflexia and an up-going plantar response.[] Stroke symptoms include: sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, often unilateral; confusion; difficulties in speaking or seeing with one or both eyes; difficulties[] 2—Partial facial weakness 3—Complete unilateral palsy 5 Motor function (arm) 0—No drift a.[]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Radiculopathy [ 4 ] Suspect this where there is unilateral neck, shoulder, or arm pain approximating to a dermatome.[] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[] There may be accompanying changes in sensation or weakness in related muscles.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[]

  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

    Atrophy may be present, but hyperreflexia and spasticity are not seen.[] MMN can usually be distinguished from ALS by its more slowly progressive disease course, the absence of upper-motor-neuron signs such as spasticity and hyperreflexia and the[] Upper motor neuron signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response).[]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections occur in immunocompromised patients but so rarely involve the central nervous system (CNS) that they may not be included in a differential diagnosis of CNS lesions in such patients. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a putative mechanism for nontuberculous mycobacterial[…][]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Abstract. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by multiple demyelinated inflammatory lesions disseminated in the central nervous system (CNS). Additional features of MS pathology include axonal loss and gliosis. Remyelination may take place predominantly in the early stages of lesion formation. Pathologically,[…][]

  • Cervical Spine Disease

    RESULTS: Patients most frequently present with hyperreflexia (21%) and weakness (21%), and there were various conservative treatment strategies.[] Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign - up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[] […] decrease ROM, crepitation, and occipital HA are common sx; - neurologic impairment in pts w/ RA usually occurs very gradually and may cause decreased pain sensation and hyperreflexia[]

  • Malignant Glioma

    Quality as well as quantity of life is important and must be formally assessed The management of malignant glioma presents challenges for neurosurgeons and oncologists alike. Surgery with postoperative radiotherapy remains the “gold standard” treatment for this group of patients. Neurosurgical procedures are[…][]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[] Abstract Diabetes may affect the typical physical findings associated with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, as coexisting diabetic neuropathy may dampen expected hyperreflexia[] Symptoms and Signs Cord compression commonly causes gradual spastic paresis, paresthesias, or both in the hands and feet and may cause hyperreflexia.[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[] Patient A was a 71-year-old man who presented with unilateral arm weakness and wasting.[] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[]

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