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42 Possible Causes for Hyperreninemia, Hypokalemia, Urine Calcium Increased

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] They lose excess amounts of salt (sodium chloride) in their urine, which leads to dehydration, constipation, and increased urine production (polyuria).[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Lab Metabolic alkalosis, decreased serum K , increased urine K , increased renin, increased aldosterone.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with profound acidosis Increased Normal Decreased K excretion Increased Increased Decreased Calcium excretion Increased Normal to increased Normal (?)[netscut.templaro.com] Both effects cause hypotension with consequent hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism, which aggravates potassium wasting.[jpma.org.pk]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The South East Asian cases are associated with more severe hypokalemia.[en.wikipedia.org] Urine anion gap was positive and urinary calcium/creatinine ratio was 2. 24 h urinary calcium was 280 mg (increased), fractional excretion of bicarbonate was 4.5% and urine[indianjnephrol.org] Amniocentesis : chloride levels in amniotic fluid Laboratory diagnostics Hypokalemi a and m etabolic alkalosis Hypercalciuria Hyperuricemia ( 50% of cases) Hyperreninemia[amboss.com]

  • Gitelman Syndrome

    In these children, a tendency towards hypokalemia was first noted during the third week of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 24-h measurement of urinary calcium or the urine calcium/creatinine ratio may help distinguish the two syndromes; the levels are typically normal to increased in Bartter[merckmanuals.com] The lack of luminal positive charge leads to increased level of calcium and magnesium in the urine.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Nephrocalcinosis

    I report a 41-year-old female contracting nephrocalcinosis and hypokalemia as complications of primary Sjögren's syndrome with dRTA, hereby to emphasize the importance of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Citrate can increase the solubility of calcium in urine and limit the development of nephrocalcinosis.[en.wikipedia.org] […] capacity is due to the presence of calcium in the medulla and the concurrent inflammation which distorts the relationship between the ascending and descending loops Because of hyperreninemia[slideshare.net]

  • Bartter Syndrome

    Hypokalemia was corrected only on addition of spironolactone on day 11.[sjkdt.org] They lose excess amounts of salt (sodium chloride) in their urine, which leads to dehydration, constipation, and increased urine production (polyuria).[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Lab Metabolic alkalosis, decreased serum K , increased urine K , increased renin, increased aldosterone.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypoaldosteronism

    A 51-year-old Japanese woman with hypokalemia due to distal renal tubular acidosis associated with Sjögren's syndrome exhibited a decreased plasma aldosterone level despite[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Urinary electrolytes showed markedly decreased urine potassium (5.7 mEq/l, normal value 20-80 mEq/l) and an increased urine sodium excretion (107 mEq/l, normal value 40-90[jpma.org.pk] These results suggest adrenal insensitivity to angiotensin II, possibly a defect in adrenal angiotensin II receptors, as the cause of hypoldosteronism with hyperreninemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Serum calcium: Usually decreased. Prolonged hypercalcemia (nonparathyroid) may be a predisposing factor. Urine pH: Increased, higher than 7.0.[nurseslabs.com] Three patients with hypokalemia, normal blood pressure, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism are described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Antenatal Bartter Syndrome

    Hypokalemia and alkalosis with hypertension: Hyperaldosterism Monogenetic forms of hypertension Renal artery stenosis Cushing syndrome Hypokalemia and alkalosis with normal[cancertherapyadvisor.com] They lose excess amounts of salt (sodium chloride) in their urine, which leads to dehydration, constipation, and increased urine production (polyuria).[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] Rofecoxib suppressed hyperreninemia to a similar extent as indomethacin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Aldosteronism

    Hypokalemia (3.2 0.2 mmol/L), hypomagnesemia (1.6 0.3 mg/dL) and a putative metabolic alkalosis (serum HCO3 30 1 mmol/L) were observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Data also highlighted a nonsignificant trend toward increased spot urine calcium to creatinine ratio in patients with primary aldosteronism.[healio.com] Bartter syndrome is associated with hypokalemic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronism, with normal blood pressure.[usmle.net]

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