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54 Possible Causes for Hyperreninemia, Muscle Weakness, Syncope

  • Addison's Disease

    The physical examination was completely normal except for muscle weakness, hyperpigmentation on labial mucosa and skin in a patient.[] Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, syncope, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, a metabolic acidosis, lethergy, confusion, and convulsions[] […] concentration after 60 minutes to a peak of 18 mcg/dL Plasma renin : Mineralocorticoid deficiency is confirmed with a relatively low aldosterone level in the setting of hyperreninemia[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Neurological examination showed a lower extremity muscle weakness with three-fifths muscular strength of the quadriceps and tibialis anterior muscle on both sides.[] One patient (a 38-year-old female) had experienced recurrent episodes of syncope due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs) accompanied by QT prolongation (QTc: 750ms) when[] The importance of preventing hypokalemia is underscored by the finding that the risks of dysrhythmias, syncope, cardiac arrest, or death are greater in patients with heart[]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    […] wasting [ wāst ing ] 1. the gradual deterioration of an individual, usually with loss of strength and muscle mass; it may be accompanied by loss of appetite, which makes it[] The proximal site of salt transport defect has been suggested by the absence of hyperreninemia and hypokalemia, which would be a distinguishing feature of Bartter’s syndrome[] […] worse. 2. excessive depletion. wasting disease any disease marked especially by progressive emaciation and weakness. salt wast·ing inappropriately large renal excretion of[]

  • Gitelman Syndrome

    The clinical spectrum is wide and usually characterized by chronic fatigue, cramps, muscle weakness and paresthesiae.[] A 26-year-old man was admitted to the hospital due to syncope with general and muscular weakness and muscle cramps.[] The main features of this syndrome include normal or low blood pressure, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and hyperreninemia.[]

  • Kearns-Sayre Syndrome

    His manifestations included progressive external ophthalmoplegia, bilateral ptosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and muscle weakness.[] A 20-year-old woman with known Kearns-Sayre syndrome was transferred to the emergency department due to syncopal episodes.[] The renal phenotype characterized by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyperreninemia, hyperaldosteronism and nephrocalcinosis, resembling Bartter syndrome, was diagnosed when[]

  • Hyponatremia

    A 52-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with anorexia, nausea, fatigue, generalized muscle weakness, and cramps for 1 week.[] Patients with hyponatremia often present with changes in mental status or with syncope.[] In this setting, release of both antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (increases renal permeability to water) and renin (increases renal sodium retention) occurs.[]

  • Hypoaldosteronism

    A 53-year-old man with retinitis pigmentosa, who had two years' complaints of general malaise and muscle weakness, noticed occasional attacks of the cramps of the lower legs[] […] confusion, muscle twitches, weakness, nausea, and a headache Very low blood pressure can cause symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting (technically known as syncope[] These results suggest adrenal insensitivity to angiotensin II, possibly a defect in adrenal angiotensin II receptors, as the cause of hypoldosteronism with hyperreninemia[]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    Effects - Respiratory and airway - muscle weakness causing dysarthria in the awake, non intubated patient.[] […] hypertension may not tolerate a "normal" blood pressure, and can therefore present symptomatically with hypotension, including fatigue, light-headedness, nausea, vomiting, or syncope[] Initial evaluation demonstrated hyperreninemia with hyperaldosteronism and a possible renal artery stenosis at the contrast-enhanced CT scan.[]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    […] spasms Muscle weakness Numbness Polyuria Polydipsia Tingling Metabolic alkalosis The causes of primary hyperaldosteronism are adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal adenoma (Conn's[] During the emergency workup she developed syncope and three episodes of ventricular fibrillation.[] Hyperreninemia and secondary aldosteronism have also been reported in patients with pheochromocytoma, apparently as a result of functional renal artery stenosis.[]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    weakness, troubles with breathing, etc.[] 用 語 対 訳 高齢患者 elderly patient 高齢者 aged people 高齢者の柔軟性 flexibility of aged people 高齢の【形】 ag(e)ing 高レニン血症 hyperreninemia 高レニン[性]高血圧[症] high renin hypertension, hyperreninemic[] […] include agitation, urinary problems, irritability, headaches, dizziness, mood swings, fast or irregular heartbeat, nervous tics, nausea, vomiting, stomach pains, unusual muscle[]

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