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77 Possible Causes for Hypersalivation, Myoclonic Jerking, Psychosis

  • Dementia

    Agitation and psychosis are common among older adults with dementia and are challenging to manage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] NBRS Psychosis Subscale: Pollock 2007 also reported the change in the psychosis subscale of the NBRS scale and found no significant difference in the change in psychosis subscales[doi.org] Eight of nine trials reported no overall significant difference between groups on the primary outcomes, although in one pilot study of people with psychosis and agitation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis

    Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), commonly called Triple E or, sleeping sickness (not to be confused with trypanosomiasis) is a zoonotic alphavirus and arbovirus present in North, Central, and South America and the Caribbean. EEE was first recognized in Massachusetts, United States, in 1831 when 75 horses died[…][en.wikipedia.org]

  • Phencyclidine Intoxication

    Symptoms in 11 patients suspected of phencyclidine intoxication included violent, aggressive behavior with delusions, hallucinations, agitation, and other signs of toxic psychosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] jerks.[merckmanuals.com] Profuse diaphoresis, hypersalivation, bronchospasm, and urinary retention occurred in less than 5%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    A 33-year-old multidrug-resistant tuberculosis female patient diagnosed as cycloserine-induced psychosis developed several neuroleptic side effects such as extrapyramidal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the patient presented with a deterioration of his general health which had gradually taken hold, with altered consciousness accompanied by generalised muscle rigidity and hypersalivation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He developed marked rigidity, myoclonic jerks, and startle myoclonus. He was then sent for a brain MRI.[n.neurology.org]

  • Pellagra

    After administration of nicotinamide, her psychosis and laryngitis dramatically improved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] jerks with bizarre involuntary movements, in addition to total external ophthalmoplegia and gait disturbance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although pellagra involves treatable dementia and psychosis, it is often underdiagnosed, especially in developed countries.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Phenylketonuria

    Rates of fatigue/malaise, epilepsy/convulsions, sleep disturbance, personality disorders, phobias, psychosis, and migraines among those with PKU exceeded rates for the GP[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypotonia/hypertonia and cerebral palsy-like conditions, progressive dystonias, seizures and other movement disorders, swallowing difficulties, dysautonomias (i.e. hyperthermia, hypersalivation[clinicaladvisor.com] Psychiatric disorders have been frequently described among individuals with PKU, including anxiety, depression, personality disorders, and psychosis.[emedicine.com]

  • 6-Pyruvoyl-Tetrahydropterin Synthase Deficiency

    Psychosis as a cardinal clinical feature of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency (gamma-hydroxybutyric aciduria). Biol Psych. 2003 ;54: 763 - 768.[doi.org] The principal symptoms include psychomotor retardation, tonus disorders, convulsions, drowsiness, irritability, abnormal movements, hyperthermia, hypersalivation and difficulty[orpha.net] […] disability-macrocephaly-macroorchidism syndrome X-linked intellectual disability-plagiocephaly syndrome X-linked intellectual disability-precocious puberty-obesity syndrome X-linked intellectual disability-psychosis-macroorchidism[se-atlas.de]

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    Older children experience personality problems, acute psychotic episodes, or chronic psychosis with aggressiveness, irritability, or social isolation.[patient.info] Mood changes, sedation, ataxia, and hypersalivation, well-known complications of other AEDs, were not observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In such cases, massive myoclonic jerks, myoclonic-atonic attacks, as well as atonic seizures may occur, though much less frequent and severe than the other manifestations.[epilepsyontario.org]

  • Postictal State

    Impaired intellectual function and family history of psychosis predict a longer psychosis ( 17 ).[doi.org] Thus, myoclonic jerks occurring in the context of typical absence seizures do not worsen the prognosis. [4] Other distinct absence syndromes with a prominent myoclonic component[neurologyindia.com] […] rhythmic muscle twitching) Bladder or bowel incontinence Tongue bite lacerations Unresponsiveness Confusion Amnesia Aphasia Fatigue Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache Hypersalivation[amboss.com]

  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    […] years Auditory verbal agnosia , progressing to pure word deafness or nonlanguage sound agnosia Impaired expressive language, progressing to mutism Associated with ADHD, psychosis[emilytam.com] The seizures included mainly autonomic symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pallor, mydriasis, urinary and fecal incontinence, and rarely hypersalivation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] seizures: loss of consciousness with severe, rhythmic myoclonic jerks.  Myoclonias are bilateral and rhythmic, maximally involving proximal limb muscles, and may be associated[slideshare.net]

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