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38 Possible Causes for Hypersalivation, Myoclonic Jerking, Spike-and-Slow-Waves

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    In such cases, massive myoclonic jerks, myoclonic-atonic attacks, as well as atonic seizures may occur, though much less frequent and severe than the other manifestations.[epilepsyontario.org] FBM therapy induced disappearance of the EEG ictal slow, spike and wave complexes leaving rather unaffected the runs of spikes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mood changes, sedation, ataxia, and hypersalivation, well-known complications of other AEDs, were not observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Type 6

    As the affected children grow up, they develop myoclonic jerking, and their seizures may become refractory to treatment. Synonym: severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] spike and slow wave pattern of 1.5 to 2 Hz, [and it has] different seizure types.[neurologylive.com] Autonomic symptoms are often mild with cyanosis, apnea, hypersalivation, and respiratory obstruction only occur following very prolonged attacks.[icnapedia.org]

  • Epilepsy with Continuous Spike-and-Slow-Waves during Sleep

    Many children will have absence (blank) seizures, some myoclonic (jerk) seizures and others will have focal (partial) motor seizures (seizures involving jerks of one side[epilepsy.org.uk] الصفحة 36 - Yagi K (1989): Clinical relevance of continuous spike-waves during slow wave sleep.[books.google.com] Electrical status epilepticus during slow sleep (ESES) was proposed by Tassinari et al. in 1971 for a particular EEG pattern characterized by diffuse spike-waves occurring[neupsykey.com]

  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    […] seizures: loss of consciousness with severe, rhythmic myoclonic jerks.  Myoclonias are bilateral and rhythmic, maximally involving proximal limb muscles, and may be associated[slideshare.net] An outpatient EEG 6 months later showed abundant multifocal, predominantly posterior, as well as irregular generalized spike-and-slow-wave discharges on normal background[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The seizures included mainly autonomic symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pallor, mydriasis, urinary and fecal incontinence, and rarely hypersalivation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    myoclonic jerks of cortical origin.[mendelian.co] , poly spike discharges." [2] The clonic phase EEG will show "high amplitude activity that is typically interrrupted by slow waves to create a spike-and-slow-wave pattern.[en.wikipedia.org] […] rhythmic muscle twitching) Bladder or bowel incontinence Tongue bite lacerations Unresponsiveness Confusion Amnesia Aphasia Fatigue Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache Hypersalivation[amboss.com]

  • Epilepsy

    So the jerks were considered as cortical origin and generalized myoclonic seizure was confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] predominance, and multifocal spike-and-slow waves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electroencephalography showed spike-slow waves and slow waves with mixed asynchronized spike waves originating from the frontal lobe during the sleep stage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsia Partialis Continua

    We used electroencephalographic (EEG) dipole analysis to investigate the generators of spikes with and without myoclonic jerks in a 12-year-old patient with epilepsia partialis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His epileptic disorder evolved over time into drug-resistant epilepsy with continuous spike-waves during slow sleep and severe behavioral impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An opercular syndrome was diagnosed based on the classic presentation of dysarthria, facial diplegia, and hypersalivation, with corresponding MRI brain changes in the operculum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Motor Seizure

    Myoclonic jerks. Increase in heart rate and blood pressure. Diaphragmatic muscles go into spasm.[dentalcare.com] , poly spike discharges." [2] The clonic phase EEG will show "high amplitude activity that is typically interrrupted by slow waves to create a spike-and-slow-wave pattern.[en.wikipedia.org] […] rhythmic muscle twitching) Bladder or bowel incontinence Tongue bite lacerations Unresponsiveness Confusion Amnesia Aphasia Fatigue Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache Hypersalivation[amboss.com]

  • Rolandic Epilepsy

    I think abnormal brain activity can be associted with weird sleep like myoclonic jerks or sleeping with eyes open.[mumsnet.com] In an EEG, characteristically high spikes with deflections in two directions (biphasic spikes) followed by slow waves can be found above the middle temporal lobe (centrotemporal[aoporphan.com] Hypersalivation is not just frothing: Suddenly my mouth is full of saliva, it runs out like a river and I cannot speak.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Rett Syndrome

    The seizures may be of various types, including generalised convulsive (tonic-clonic), absences (where the child goes blank), myoclonic (jerks), and tonic seizures (where[epilepsy.org.uk] Continuous spike and wave in slow-wave sleep (CSWS) is an electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern characterized by generalized spike-wave discharges occurring for at least 85%[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pia Bernardo, Enza Raiano, Gerarda Cappuccio, Raffaele Dubbioso, Carmela Bravaccio, Emilia Vergara, Silvio Peluso, Fiore Manganelli and Marcello Esposito, The Treatment of Hypersalivation[doi.org]

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