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427 Possible Causes for Hyperventilation, Hypokalemia

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The most common finding was hyperlactinemia occurring in 66% of the patients (n 128) followed by hypokalemia ( 6.1 mmol/L) in 40.2% of the children (n 78).[] […] alcohol intoxication stems from many complications that arise in the presence of large quantities of ethanol in the circulation ( 350mg/100ml), including lactic acidosis, hypokalemia[] Acute ethanol intoxication can lead to metabolic disturbances such as lactic acidosis, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.[]

  • Asthma

    Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[] Her Nijmegen score dropped from positive to negative for hyperventilation (from 39 to 7). Her anxiety-depression levels both reduced into 'normal' ranges.[] HYPERVENTILATION SYNDROME AND GLOTTIC DYSFUNCTION There are several conditions that may mimic asthma, such as hyperventilation syndrome or various types of glottic dysfunction[]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Also, severe electrolye abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, also metabolic acidosis). Patients often need CVVH. 5.[] An important role for cerebral hyperemia in the pathogenesis of increased ICP has led to a reevaluation of established therapies such as hyperventilation, N-acetylcysteine[] Correction of hypokalemia is essential as hypokalemia increases the kidneys' ammonia production, potentially exacerbating encephalopathy.[]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[] Moderate Confusion Asterixis Fetor hepaticus Hypothermia Hyperventilation Video on the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy Investigations in hepatic encephalopathy Full[] […] varices ) dietary intake of large quantities of protein (e.g. meat) reduced nitrogen excretion constipation renal failure metabolic or drug interactions hyponatremia or hypokalemia[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[] […] suggest that insulin itself is required for the development of cerebral oedema management: exclude hypoglycaemia, 0.5 g/kg of mannitol over 5-10 mins, ICP monitoring and hyperventilation[] The major causes of death are circulatory collapse, hypokalemia, infection, and cerebral edema.[]

  • Reye Syndrome

    […] elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis), osmolar changes, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[] […] for a rare disease Reye syndrome Disease definition A rare, systemic disease characterized by persistent vomiting with confusion, lethargy, disorientation, hyperreflexia, hyperventilation[] Reflexes are hyperreflexic, and hyperventilation is present. Pupillary reactions are sluggish.[]

  • Alkalosis

    Idiopathic adipsic hypernatremia (AH) is a rare disorder associated with hypokalemia and alkalosis.[] METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers performed the following respiratory maneuvers: quiet breathing, hypocapnic hyperventilation, hypercapnic hyperventilation, and eucapnic hyperventilation[] Here, we report a patient presenting to a tertiary care emergency department with reduced conscious level, profound hypokalemia, and severe metabolic alkalosis, resulting[]

  • Hypomania

    What are mania and hypomania? Hypomania and mania are terms used to describe periods of overactive and excited behaviour that have a serious impact on your day-to-day life. The symptoms of hypomania and mania include: feelings of extreme and intense happiness – feeling excessively ‘high' increased irritability and[…][]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    The focus should be on aggressively managing hypokalemia(even if not manifested at the time of presentation, we notice hypokalemia while treating with sodium bicarbonate)[] Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[] Anesthesia was complicated by severe hypercarbia despite hyperventilation, and progressive cardiovascular and neurologic deterioration postoperatively.[]

  • Acidosis

    However, in severe cases accompanied by hypokalemia, correction of the hypokalemia may be necessary first.[] Previous Index Next 5.5.1 Hyperventilation Compensation for a metabolic acidosis is hyperventilation to decrease the arterial pCO 2.[] The dose depends on the severity of hypokalemia. Hyperkalemic types require low dietary potassium intake and other therapies.[]

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