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575 Possible Causes for Hyperventilation, Hypokalemia

  • Reye Syndrome

    […] elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis), osmolar changes, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[] Reflexes are hyperreflexic, and hyperventilation is present. Pupillary reactions are sluggish.[] Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[] Moderate Confusion Asterixis Fetor hepaticus Hypothermia Hyperventilation Video on the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy Investigations in hepatic encephalopathy Full[] Thus, correction of hypokalemia is a simple and essential part of treating HE.[]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Also, severe electrolye abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, also metabolic acidosis). Patients often need CVVH. 5.[] Sedation should be used to prevent spontaneous hyperventilation. Renal: More than half of people with acute liver failure suffer acute renal failure.[] Correction of hypokalemia is essential as hypokalemia increases the kidneys' ammonia production, potentially exacerbating encephalopathy.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[] […] suggest that insulin itself is required for the development of cerebral oedema management: exclude hypoglycaemia, 0.5 g/kg of mannitol over 5-10 mins, ICP monitoring and hyperventilation[] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[] Then hypoxaemia stimulates the peripheral chemoreceptors, causing hyperventilation. This hyperventilation prevents the decrease in oxygen pressure in the blood.[] Conn syndrome is characterized by surreptitious secretion of aldosterone in which patients are found to have hypertension, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis.[]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[] Gitelmans syndrome d .Bartters Syndrome e .Hyperventilation f.[] Moderate hypokalemia can be nevertheless asymptomatic. Pathophysiology of hypokalemia helps to identify the course of treatment.[]

  • Asthma

    Her Nijmegen score dropped from positive to negative for hyperventilation (from 39 to 7). Her anxiety-depression levels both reduced into 'normal' ranges.[] Negative emotions like stress, anxiety , depression , or fear can cause an attack, often by causing hyperventilation (heavy, fast breathing). (7) Certain medications.[] Hyperventilation, excessively rapid and deep breathing, can worsen asthma.[]

  • Bumetanide

    The most frequent adverse events were hypokalemia, increased urine elimination, loss of appetite, dehydration and asthenia.[] Body as a Whole: Sweating, hyperventilation, glycosuria. CNS: Dizziness, headache, weakness, fatigue. CV: Hypotension, ECG changes, chest pain, hypovolemia.[] Adverse effects, including hypokalemia and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, were evident by the end of the treatment period.[]

  • Hypocalcemia

    The patient improved with cessation of drugs and appropriate management of hypocalcemia and hypokalemia with calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and potassium replacement.[] ‘The patient may experience nausea, vomiting, hyperventilation, and hypocalcemia with muscle tetany and seizures.’[] Hyperventilation Rapid and deep breathing (usually part of hysterical reaction) causes disturbance in internal environment resulting in decrease of free ionized blood calcium[]

  • Albuterol

    Seventy children (5%) experienced clinical deterioration, and 33 children (3%) had identified hypokalemia or arrhythmia.[] Ten healthy volunteers performed the following respiratory maneuvers: quiet breathing, hypocapnic hyperventilation, hypercapnic hyperventilation, and eucapnic hyperventilation[] No significant adverse effects, including tachyarrhythmia and symptomatic hypokalemia, were found in either group.[]

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