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575 Possible Causes for Hyperventilation, Hypokalemia

  • Reye Syndrome

    […] elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis), osmolar changes, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[merckmanuals.com] Reflexes are hyperreflexic, and hyperventilation is present. Pupillary reactions are sluggish.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] Moderate Confusion Asterixis Fetor hepaticus Hypothermia Hyperventilation Video on the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy Investigations in hepatic encephalopathy Full[oxfordmedicaleducation.com] Thus, correction of hypokalemia is a simple and essential part of treating HE.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Also, severe electrolye abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, also metabolic acidosis). Patients often need CVVH. 5.[errolozdalga.com] Sedation should be used to prevent spontaneous hyperventilation. Renal: More than half of people with acute liver failure suffer acute renal failure.[pulmccm.org] Correction of hypokalemia is essential as hypokalemia increases the kidneys' ammonia production, potentially exacerbating encephalopathy.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] […] suggest that insulin itself is required for the development of cerebral oedema management: exclude hypoglycaemia, 0.5 g/kg of mannitol over 5-10 mins, ICP monitoring and hyperventilation[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[endocrinologyadvisor.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] Then hypoxaemia stimulates the peripheral chemoreceptors, causing hyperventilation. This hyperventilation prevents the decrease in oxygen pressure in the blood.[academic.oup.com] Conn syndrome is characterized by surreptitious secretion of aldosterone in which patients are found to have hypertension, hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] Gitelmans syndrome d .Bartters Syndrome e .Hyperventilation f.[usmleforum.com] Moderate hypokalemia can be nevertheless asymptomatic. Pathophysiology of hypokalemia helps to identify the course of treatment.[bblc.tv]

  • Asthma

    Her Nijmegen score dropped from positive to negative for hyperventilation (from 39 to 7). Her anxiety-depression levels both reduced into 'normal' ranges.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Negative emotions like stress, anxiety , depression , or fear can cause an attack, often by causing hyperventilation (heavy, fast breathing). (7) Certain medications.[everydayhealth.com] Hyperventilation, excessively rapid and deep breathing, can worsen asthma.[uichildrens.org]

  • Bumetanide

    The most frequent adverse events were hypokalemia, increased urine elimination, loss of appetite, dehydration and asthenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Body as a Whole: Sweating, hyperventilation, glycosuria. CNS: Dizziness, headache, weakness, fatigue. CV: Hypotension, ECG changes, chest pain, hypovolemia.[robholland.com] Adverse effects, including hypokalemia and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, were evident by the end of the treatment period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypocalcemia

    The patient improved with cessation of drugs and appropriate management of hypocalcemia and hypokalemia with calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and potassium replacement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ‘The patient may experience nausea, vomiting, hyperventilation, and hypocalcemia with muscle tetany and seizures.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] Hyperventilation Rapid and deep breathing (usually part of hysterical reaction) causes disturbance in internal environment resulting in decrease of free ionized blood calcium[health-tutor.com]

  • Albuterol

    Seventy children (5%) experienced clinical deterioration, and 33 children (3%) had identified hypokalemia or arrhythmia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ten healthy volunteers performed the following respiratory maneuvers: quiet breathing, hypocapnic hyperventilation, hypercapnic hyperventilation, and eucapnic hyperventilation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No significant adverse effects, including tachyarrhythmia and symptomatic hypokalemia, were found in either group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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