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234 Possible Causes for Hyperventilation, Ketosis

  • Acidosis

    Previous Index Next 5.5.1 Hyperventilation Compensation for a metabolic acidosis is hyperventilation to decrease the arterial pCO 2 .[] […] that is marked by sickly sweet breath, headache, nausea and vomiting, and visual disturbances and is usually a result of excessive acid production — compare alkalosis , ketosis[] Causes: Metabolic Acidosis and Elevated Anion Gap (Mnemonic: "MUD PILERS") Methanol , Metformin Uremia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Alcohol ic ketoacidosis or starvation ketosis[]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    In this case, ancillary testing showed ketosis and further workup showed presence of propionic acidemia in a 3-day-old neonate.[] […] increased intracranial pressure is similar to that for any other neurologic disorder causing increased intracranial pressure, including elevation of the head of the bed, hyperventilation[] The findings of elevated glycine levels associated with ketosis prompted the diagnosis of propionic acidemia.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] suggest that insulin itself is required for the development of cerebral oedema management: exclude hypoglycaemia, 0.5 g/kg of mannitol over 5-10 mins, ICP monitoring and hyperventilation[] During ketosis, ketones can easily be detected in the urine.[] […] catecholamines , which can tip the balance Treatment of DKA (1) fluids (saline) – normal perfusion of lung and kidney is necessary to eliminate glucose, ketones, and acid lungs – hyperventilation[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[] Intoxication is characterized by rapid breathing, vomiting, headache, irritability, ketosis, hypoglycemia, and, in severe cases, seizures and respiratory failure. salicylate[] Salicylate poisoning also causes ketosis, fever, and, even when systemic hypoglycemia is absent, low brain glucose levels.[]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Lower intakes also put the cow in a greater energy imbalance and raise the risk of ketosis.[] ‘The patient may experience nausea, vomiting, hyperventilation, and hypocalcemia with muscle tetany and seizures.’[] Hyperventilation Rapid and deep breathing (usually part of hysterical reaction) causes disturbance in internal environment resulting in decrease of free ionized blood calcium[]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Signs of metabolic derangement include elevated serum amino acid levels, acid-base disturbances (usually with hyperventilation, mixed respiratory alkalosis–metabolic acidosis[] When these tests are used, phenothiazines, acetoacetate (present in ketosis), and sodium azide may interfere with the screening tests.[] Reflexes are hyperreflexic, and hyperventilation is present. Pupillary reactions are sluggish.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    In patients 1 and 2, hyperventilation delayed weaning mechanical ventilation.[] […] report a patient harbouring a homozygous mutation of SLC2A2 who presented a dramatic exacerbation of metabolic acidosis in the context of a viral infection, owing to both ketosis[] Ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes is a variant of type 2 diabetes, which is sometimes seen in obese individuals, often of African (including African-American or Afro-Caribbean[]

  • Fructose-1,6-Diphosphatase Deficiency

    Regardless of the onset of symptoms, lactic acidosis and ketosis may be life-threatening. For this reason, an early diagnosis can be life-saving.[] Without treatment, affected people can experience hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis on fasting, episodes of hyperventilation , suspension of breathing (apnea), and elevated[] The disorder is manifested by the appearance of hypoglycaemia, ketosis and lactic acidosis (neonatally or later during fasting or induced by fructose) and may also be life-threatening[]

  • Lactic Acidosis

    […] primary generator of D-lactate in mammals short bowel syndrome – where part of the small intestine has been removed or short due to a birth defect diabetic ketoacidosis (ketosis[] In animal studies, hyperventilation and infusion of calcium during sodium bicarbonate administration improves cardiovascular function, suggesting that this approach could[] Hyperventilation may occur as a result of stimulation of the hypothalamus. blood gas analysis will reveal a lowered pH and an elevated Pa CO 2 .[]

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    This diagnosis can be confirmed by the absence of acidosis or ketosis. The first diagnostic test is to assay for plasma levels of citrulline.[] Clinical features are the result of the development of hyperammonemic encephalopathy and include poor feeding, lethargy leading to coma, hyperventilation, muscle tone abnormalities[] Respiratory alkalosis secondary to the hyperventilation caused by cerebral edema is a common early finding.[]

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