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251 Possible Causes for Hyperventilation, Ketosis

  • Acidosis

    Previous Index Next 5.5.1 Hyperventilation Compensation for a metabolic acidosis is hyperventilation to decrease the arterial pCO 2.[] Synonyms Acidosis, metabolic Alcohol induced ketoacidosis Alcoholic ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis due to acute alcohol intoxication Ketoacidosis due to acute alcoholic intoxication Ketosis[] […] that is marked by sickly sweet breath, headache, nausea and vomiting, and visual disturbances and is usually a result of excessive acid production — compare alkalosis , ketosis[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] suggest that insulin itself is required for the development of cerebral oedema management: exclude hypoglycaemia, 0.5 g/kg of mannitol over 5-10 mins, ICP monitoring and hyperventilation[] Is ketosis healthy?[] […] catecholamines, which can tip the balance Treatment of DKA (1) fluids (saline) – normal perfusion of lung and kidney is necessary to eliminate glucose, ketones, and acid lungs – hyperventilation[]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    Vomiting and hyperventilation are frequently observed; seizures may be reported.[] In this case, ancillary testing showed ketosis and further workup showed presence of propionic acidemia in a 3-day-old neonate.[] The findings of elevated glycine levels associated with ketosis prompted the diagnosis of propionic acidemia.[]

  • Fructose-1,6-Diphosphatase Deficiency

    Hyperventilation is often reported. Regardless of the onset of symptoms, lactic acidosis and ketosis may be life-threatening.[] Without treatment, affected people can experience hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis on fasting, episodes of hyperventilation , suspension of breathing (apnea), and elevated[] The disorder is manifested by the appearance of hypoglycaemia, ketosis and lactic acidosis (neonatally or later during fasting or induced by fructose) and may also be life-threatening[]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    […] may be indicated if the pH is less than 7.1 or if the patient is clinically deteriorating as evidenced by a weak, rapid pulse, hypotension, or inability to compensate by hyperventilation[] A diet very low in carbohydrates (such as bread) can lead to ketosis.[] Maintain hyperventilation in ventilated patients. 8.[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[] Intoxication is characterized by rapid breathing, vomiting, headache, irritability, ketosis, hypoglycemia, and, in severe cases, seizures and respiratory failure. salicylate[] Salicylate poisoning also causes ketosis, fever, and, even when systemic hypoglycemia is absent, low brain glucose levels.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    In patients 1 and 2, hyperventilation delayed weaning mechanical ventilation.[] […] report a patient harbouring a homozygous mutation of SLC2A2 who presented a dramatic exacerbation of metabolic acidosis in the context of a viral infection, owing to both ketosis[] Causes: Metabolic Acidosis and Elevated Anion Gap (Mnemonic: "MUD PILERS") Methanol , Metformin Uremia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Alcohol ic ketoacidosis or starvation ketosis[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Fruity odor of breath (suggests marked ketosis possibly associated with isopropanol intoxication).[] Ketosis and an osmolar gap without acidosis often characterizes isopropanol toxicity, as isopropanol is metabolized to a ketone (acetone) and not a ketoacid.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    These result from the emesis and hyperventilation associated with DKA which lead to alveolar rupture and air escape into the mediastinal and epidural spaces.[] This particular presentation of diabetes has been termed as ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes (KPDM) or atypical diabetes.[] One such mechanism is hyperventilation to lower the blood carbon dioxide levels (a form of compensatory respiratory alkalosis).[]

  • Acid Base Disorder

    PaCO2 (4.7 kPa): Primary respiratory alkalosis (hyperventilation) if pH 7.45 and HCO3– normal.[] Which cause ketosis? Which causes normal gap met acidosis? Methanol, Ethylene Glycol, Isopropyl alcohol and Toluene cause an osmolar gap.[] Metabolic acidosis general Metabolic acidosis • if calculated AG 12 or if Excess gap HCO3 is greater than 26 non anion gap metabolic acidosis • Compensation: respiratory hyperventilation[]

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