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37 Possible Causes for Hypervolemia, Systolic Murmur

  • Anemia

    Signs and symptoms of anemia may include pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath, palpitations of the heart, soft systolic murmurs, lethargy, and fatigability[] Fluid overload (hypervolemia) causes decreased hemoglobin concentration and apparent anemia: General causes of hypervolemia include excessive sodium or fluid intake, sodium[] With chronic anemia, the patient may have a hyperdynamic heart, with a prominent point of maximal impulse (PMI), a systolic flow murmur, and occasionally an S 3 .[]

  • Hyponatremia

    The conventional treatment consists of fluid restriction in presence of euvolemia or hypervolemia; loop diuretics are used in some hypervolemic conditions such as cardiac[] The persistence of vasopressin release due to nonosmotic hemodynamic stimuli is also predominantly responsible for water retention and hyponatremia with hypervolemia and edema-forming[] These patients have signs of clinical hypervolemia, such as pitting edema or ascites.[]

  • Transfusion Reaction

    Physical exam revealed conjunctival petechiae, multiple petechiae on the bilateral fingertips and lower extremities, and an apical mid-systolic heart murmur.[] […] interstitial edema and fluid in alveolar air spaces TACO (Transfusion-Associated Circulatory Overload) Caused by a fast rate of transfusion increasing the volume of fluid in blood (hypervolemia[] Delayed hemolysis Anaphylaxis Graft-versus-host disease , Post-transfusion purpura Nonimmunologic Bacterial contamination, platelets Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, HTLV-I, HIV-1 Hypervolemia[]

  • Rheumatic Valvulitis

    This picture together with a systolic murmur, pericardial friction rub and an ESR of 118 mm/h prompted a transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) revealing a myxomatous mitral[] In this admission, in addition to FE consistent with hypervolemia, the patient presented ECHO with new changes - atrial flutter and left bundle branch block - (consistent[] This case does not present a better description of systolic murmur audible in the aortic area.[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    On auscultation of the heart, one can hear loud first heart sound, exaggerated splitting, mid systolic murmur and continuous venous hum.[] Kanwa is a dry salt and causes hypervolemia and hypertension.[] Identifying any abnormal sounds in the heart and lungs such as a crackling in the lungs and a murmuring sound of systolic ejection can also indicate the possibility of the[]

  • Acute Glomerulonephritis

    His lungfields were clear to auscultation, but he had an ejection systolic murmur; he was also found to have hepatomegaly and enlarged inguinal, anterior and posterior cervical[]

  • Acromegaly

    murmur.[] It is at least partly due to chronic hypervolemia (the plasma volume is 10% to 40% above normal due to increased renal sodium reabsorption at the distal tubule level) [ 17[] […] examination showed a blood pressure of 120/60 mm Hg and excess weight; pulmonary auscultation was normal and cardiac auscultation was rhythmic, with a Grade 1/6 ejection systolic[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Here we present a case in which a systolic heart murmur was the first manifestation of high output heart failure due to a VGAM.[] […] suggest that patients with hydatidiform mole and pulmonary edema need correction of the hypervolemia as well as removal of the molar tissue.[] Clinic observation on D1 was normal except for the presence of a systolic cardiac murmur; cardiological evaluation revealed mild ventricular dysfunction of the right ventricle[]

  • S3 Gallop

    Systolic murmurs. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, editors. Clinical methods: the history, physical, and laboratory examinations. 3rd ed. Boston: Butterworths; 1990.[] In patients with an acute congestive heart failure exacerbation, intravenous loop diuretics are given to treat hypervolemia.[] All diastolic murmurs and any systolic murmurs of grade II and above require further echocardiographic evaluation![]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    […] or early systolic murmur along the lower left sternal border depending on the severity of the regurgitation Right atrial hypertrophy Right ventricular conduction defects[] Marked increases in blood volume, of approximately 50% compared with the pre-gestation period [ 48 ], result in marked hypervolemia.[] At autopsy of a young man with a history of palpitations’ and dyspnoea followed—before his death—by cyanosis, cardiomegaly and systolic murmur, the Berlin based doctor described[]

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