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572 Possible Causes for Hypocalcemia, Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although hypocalcemia is a common finding in celiac disease, hypocalcemic carpal spasm is a rare initial manifestation of the disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

    Hyponatremia is prevalent in hospitalized patients and predicts a poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 83-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital with severe hyponatremia (sodium, 108 mEq/L [108 mmol/L]), hypokalemia, hypochloridemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Attention should also be paid to the prevention of severe hypokalemia in conjunction with treatment of hyponatremia.[medcaretips.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Type I pseudohypoaldosteronism involves a defect at the aldosterone receptor level and is associated with salt wasting, volume depletion, and hyponatremia.1 Plasma renin and[healio.com]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Monitor patients for signs and symptoms Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia.[actharnephrology.com] Hypocalcemia Hypocalcemia is common in the nephrotic syndrome, but rather than being a true hypocalcemia, it is usually caused by a low serum albumin level.[emedicine.medscape.com] Severe hypoalbuminemia, heavy proteinuria, hyponatremia, and hypercholesterolemia were features of the nephrotic syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ulcerative Colitis

    Following recovery from infection and resolution of the hyponatremia, the patient was discharged to a senior care facility, but with continued treatment with TMP-SMX.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypoalbuminemia (albumin 3.5 g/dL), hypokalemia (postassium 3.5 mEq/L), elevated alkaline phosphatase, and hypomagnesemia (magnesium, 1.5 mg/dL) will be looked for in a comprehensive[symptoma.com] However, blood cultures grew Nocardia farcinica and treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) was begun, which was complicated by severe symptomatic hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, relative decreasing of iPTH ( 70%) (6.691, p 0.001) and hypocalcemia (2.222, p 0.046) were identified as risk factors of symptomatic hypocalcemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] dL ( 1.4-2.0 mEq/L 0.70 -1.00 mmol/L); - to convert mg/dL to mmol/L (SI units): multiply by 0.4114 Assoc. lytes abnormality: hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia[enotes.tripod.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    In most cases, it is a result of diuretic therapy, which causes activation of the renin-angiotensin system, chloride depletion, increased distal sodium delivery, hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case of severe congestive left heart failure due to profound and long-term hypocalcemia caused by surgically induced hypoparathyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] deferens; fertility in Endocrine system Abnormal glucose tolerance, type 2 DM Musculoskeletal Bone pain due to hypertrophic osteoarthropathy Signs hypoproteinemia, salty taste, hyponatremia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Laboratory analysis on admission showed hyponatremia (115-133 mmol/L, mean 122.4 mmol/L), high plasma renin activity (229-500 pg/ml, mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] features : Gauibad-Vainsel syndrome Osteopetrosis Cerebral calcification Mental retardation Diagnostics Serum Hyperchloremic ( normal anion gap ) metabolic acidosis Hypokalemia Hypocalcemia[amboss.com]

  • Kidney Disease

    Use and Acute Kidney Injury Kidney Disease Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Kidney Disease Related to Stem Cell Transplantation TAFRO Syndrome Tea and Toast Hyponatremia[kidney.nyc] […] ventricular fibrillation Rising urea levels in the blood (uremia) may lead to brain encephalopathy , pericarditis (inflammation of the heart lining), or low calcium blood levels (hypocalcemia[medicinenet.com] , Hypokalemia-induced renal dysfunction Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis Hypomagnesemia Hyponatremia Hypophosphatemia Hypophosphatemia in Users of Cannabis Hypertension Hypertension[kidney.nyc]

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