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293 Possible Causes for Hypocalcemia, Hyponatremia, Oliguria

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    She fell into oliguria and required dialysis. A kidney biopsy revealed focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.[] Hypocalcemia Hypocalcemia is common in the nephrotic syndrome, but rather than being a true hypocalcemia, it is usually caused by a low serum albumin level.[] Severe hypoalbuminemia, heavy proteinuria, hyponatremia, and hypercholesterolemia were features of the nephrotic syndrome.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[] Oliguria was observed in 72.2% of the patients.[] Hypocalcemia is thought to occur because the impaired kidney no longer produces calcitriol and because hyperphosphatemia causes calcium phosphate precipitation in the tissues[]

  • Kidney Disease

    "Acute Oliguria". New England Journal of Medicine . 338 (10): 671–75. doi : 10.1056/NEJM199803053381007 .[] Syndrome Aristolochic Acid Nephropathy, Chinese Herbal Nephropathy, Balkan Endemic Nephropathy Arteriovenous Malformations and Fistulas of the Urologic Tract Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia[] […] ventricular fibrillation Rising urea levels in the blood (uremia) may lead to brain encephalopathy , pericarditis (inflammation of the heart lining), or low calcium blood levels (hypocalcemia[]

  • Ethylene Glycol

    Renal failure is heralded by flank pain and oliguria. In survivors, late-occurring cranial neuropathies may also occur about 5-20 days post-ingestion. Q5.[] Hypocalcemia is not commonly observed following ethylene glycol poisoning, even in acidotic patients.[] Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) is traditionally known as a complication of the rapid correction of hyponatremia.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Oliguria and nocturia: These symptoms result from renal congestion.[] We present a case of severe congestive left heart failure due to profound and long-term hypocalcemia caused by surgically induced hypoparathyroidism.[] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[]

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    Our patient initially presented with hyponatremia and an elevated urine osmolality and urine sodium consistent with the clinical diagnosis of SIADH.[] A 53-year-old man presented with abrupt oliguria.[] Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening oncologic emergency, characterized by a constellation of hyperkalemia, hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia.[]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Grade 3 adverse effects included neutropenia, anemia, hyponatremia, catheter-related infection and diarrhea (maximum: 2 patients each).[] Clinical history can include epistaxis, gingival bleeding, haematuria, oliguria, cough, dyspnoea, fever, delirium, and coma.[] […] lines Hematuria Hematemesis , hematochezia Collection of blood in body cavities: features of hemoperitoneum , hemothorax Thrombotic manifestations Acute renal failure : oliguria[]

  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

    Anemia, edema, oliguria, hemoglobinuria and hypertension were the most common manifestations.[] Hyponatremia – Deficiency of sodium (salt) in the blood.[] Risk of a complicated course/poor outcome was strongly associated with oliguria (p   0.000006) and hypertension (p   0.00003) at presentation.[]

  • Acute Kidney Injury

    Presence of stage III AKI, oliguria, and hemodynamic instability needing vasopressor are associated with increased mortality.[] […] represents the first record of R. subnigricans poisoning with rhabdomyolysis in Korea, describing a 51-year-old man who suffered from rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, severe hypocalcemia[] Chest radiography showed pulmonary congestion and hyponatremia was noted after fluid hydration for suspicious contrast-induced nephropathy.[]

  • Lipoid Nephrosis

    Oliguria and azotemia were corrected following initiation of glucocorticoid therapy.[] Anuria Oliguria Inflamed glomerular capillaries ANCA ( ) Cells accumulate in Bowman's Capsule Fibrin trapped in glomeruli Epithelial cell proliferation Macrophage, PMN infiltrates[] Background A 52-year-old man presented to hospital having experienced abdominal pain, abdominal distention and oliguria for 1 week.[]

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