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2,796 Possible Causes for Hypocalcemia, Patient Appears Chronically Ill, Starvation Ketosis

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com] However, measuring the serum 25(OH)D levels in AN patients with hypocalcemia is recommended to prevent osteomalacia and osteoporosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hypocalcemia develops primarily from decreased intestinal calcium absorption because of low plasma calcitriol levels.[emedicine.medscape.com] Decreased renal production of calcitriol (1,25(OH) 2 D, the active vitamin D hormone) contributes to hypocalcemia.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neonatal hypoglycemia, jaundice, polycythemia, and hypocalcemia may complicate GDM as well.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Celiac Disease

    Although hypocalcemia is a common finding in celiac disease, hypocalcemic carpal spasm is a rare initial manifestation of the disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrolyte imbalances, such as low potassium level ( hypokalemia ), low calcium level (hypocalcemia), and low magnesium level (hypomagnesemia), may be present.[emedicinehealth.com] However, chronic hypocalcemia in untreated CD patients due to poor absorption of minerals can result in electrocardiographic changes that mimic acute myocardial infarction[doi.org]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Ulcerative Colitis

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the large bowel in genetically susceptible individuals exposed to environmental risk factors. The disease course can be difficult to predict, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. There is no generally accepted definition of severe UC, and no[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

    Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a highly aggressive malignancy that usually presents at a late stage. Common sites of metastasis include the liver, lung and adjacent lymph nodes. Cervical lymph node involvement has been reported previously but there are no documented cases of submandibular lymph node metastasis in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting genetic condition in Caucasians caused by Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene mutations. Sweat chloride is the current gold standard for diagnosis where values 60 mmol/L are diagnostic and values 30 mmol/L are indeterminate. There is limited[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Abstract Purpose of Review This article summarizes the pathologic features of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory demyelinating diseases and discusses neuropathologic studies that have yielded novel insights into potential mechanisms of demyelination. Recent Findings The pathologic hallmark of MS consists[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Fluoride Poisoning

    The clinical course, marked by initial hypocalcemia, delayed onset of ventricular dysrhythmias, and death, is consistent with fluoride being the predominant mechanism of toxicity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A case of fluoride poisong is presented which was manifested by severe hypocalcemia, ventricular arrhythmias, and respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A fatality resulting from a severe facial burn, which produced acute systemic fluoride poisoning with profound hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia, is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis

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