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116 Possible Causes for hypocretin

  • Narcolepsy

    […] receptor agonists, hypocretin neuronal transplantation, transforming hypocretin stem cells into hypothalamic neurons, and hypocretin gene therapy.[] To delineate the spectrum of the hypocretin deficiency syndrome and to establish CSF hypocretin-1 measurements as a diagnostic tool for narcolepsy.[] The CSF hypocretin-1 level was 10 pg/ml. However, CSF saved from a pre-narcolepsy episode of Lyme disease revealed a normal hypocretin-1 level (318 pg/ml).[]

  • Narcolepsy-Cataplexy Syndrome

    Loss of hypothalamic neurons that secrete hypocretin is the underlying cause, but the mechanism remains unclear.[] Hypocretin-based therapies - hypocretin agonists, hypocretin cell transplantation, gene therapy. Nicotine. [ 31 ][] Mercola It’s estimated that up to 200,000 Americans have narcolepsy, a disorder that involves the loss of hypocretin-producing neurons. 1 Hypocretin, also known as orexin,[]

  • Cataplexy

    EDS and low CSF-hypocretin-1 ( 110 pg/mL). 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine.[] Low hypocretin-1 values were found in 72 percent of those patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy.[] All of the NPC cases with cataplexy demonstrated low levels of CSF hypocretin-1, confirming the association of reduced CSF hypocretin-1 levels with cataplexy in NPC.[]

  • Idiopathic Hypersomnia

    All nine hypocretin-deficient patients were human leuckocyte antigen (HLA) DR2 positive, while two who had normal CSF hypocretin-1 levels were HLA DR2 negative.[] Although disruption of hypocretin signaling in rodents reduces drug-seeking behaviors, our results do not support that hypocretin deficiency constitutes a protective factor[] Narcolepsy type 1 results from loss of hypothalamic hypocretin neurons, while the pathophysiology underlying narcolepsy type 2 and IH remains to be fully elucidated.[]

  • Hypersomnia

    Her hypocretin, the hypothalamic neuropeptide controlling sleep-awake cycle, was significantly low in the cerebrospinal fluid (146 pg/mL) on admission.[] The level of hypocretin in cerebrospinal fluid was decreased in this patient.[] Aquaporin 4 (AQP4), a member of the AQP superfamily, is strongly expressed in the hypothalamus in which orexin (hypocretin)-containing neurons are primarily concentrated.[]

  • ROHHAD Syndrome

    The diagnosis was confirmed by showing an absence of hypocretin-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid.[] The co-occurrence of ROHHAD with narcolepsy and the noted absence of hypocretin-1 in this patient’s cerebrospinal fluid led us to consider that genes specific to hypocretin[] Hypocretin-1 deficiency in a girl with ROHHAD syndrome . Pediatrics , 132 (3), e788-92.[]

  • Narcolepsy 3

    Hypocretin-based therapies - hypocretin agonists, hypocretin cell transplantation, gene therapy. Nicotine. [ 31 ][] Most people have about 75,000 hypocretins while people with narcolepsy have only about 7,000.[] People with narcolepsy have been found to have a markedly decreased number of hypocretin nerve cells in the brain.[]

  • Kleine-Levin Syndrome

    However, partial hypocretin lesions without low CSF hypocretin-1 consequences cannot be definitely excluded in those disorders.[] A twofold decrease in hypocretin-1 was evidenced during the period of hypersomnia in comparison with the asymptomatic interval.[] Cerebrospinalfluid (CSF) hypocretin-1, histamine (HA), and its major metabolite tele-methylhistamine (t-MHA) levels were measured in two KLS patients in and out of episode[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia - Deafness - Narcolepsy

    CSF hypocretin-1 was 191 pg/mL (normal values 200 pg/mL). Mild brain atrophy was observed on MRI, with cerebellar involvement.[] A person with narcolepsy has a shortage of hypocretin , often due to some sort of autoimmune disease, injury, or illness that destroys some or most of their hypocretin secreting[] Subtypes of Narcolepsy Updated DSM-5 (2013) coding procedures for various narcolepsy subtypes: 347.00 Narcolepsy without cataplexy but with hypocretin deficienc y – most common[]

  • Neurosarcoidosis

    This is a novel case, demonstrating both hypocretin deficiency syndrome, as well as respiratory dysfunction from destruction of hypocretin neurons and extensive destruction[] Hypocretin/orexin, sleep and narcolepsy. Bioessays. 2001(5):397-408.[] Cross-Sectional Cohort Study. ( 27057889 ) Leonhard S.E....Brouwer M.C. 2016 46 1260: NEUROSARCOIDOSIS INDUCED PANHYPOPITUITARISM. ( 26570921 ) Sanghi V....Kapoor A. 2015 47 Hypocretin[]

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