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82 Possible Causes for Hypoglycemia-Associated Encephalopathy

  • Carnitine Transporter Deficiency

    Encephalopathy may be caused by the decreased availability of ketone bodies associated with hypoglycemia.[leadiant.com] , hyperammonemia, hepatomegaly, elevated transaminases, and hepatic encephalopathy.[nature.com] Affected individuals can present with hypoketotic hypoglycemia and hepatic encephalopathy early in life, or with skeletal and cardiac myopathy or sudden death from cardiac[karger.com]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    ., encephalopathy, ascites, or coagulopathy, may have a reduced ability to counteract hypoglycemia, and thus, the response to therapy should be monitored closely.[care.diabetesjournals.org] Historically, chlorpropamide ( 84 , 98 – 100 ) was associated with hepatitis and jaundice.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Syncope

    Remaining include seizure (18%) stroke or TIA (11.4%) metabolic encephalopathy and toxins (such as hypoglycemia or ethanol) psychiatric conditions (pseudosyncope) Dizziness[dizziness-and-balance.com] Common drugs that are associated with an excess risk of syncope in the elderly include: fluoxetine (Prozac) aceprometazine (Not available in the USA) haloperidol (Haldol)[dizziness-and-balance.com]

  • Germ Cell Tumor

    , ataxia telangiectasia, 86 and limbic encephalopathy. 92, 93 Figure 15 Seminoma with prominent syncytiotrophoblast cells and associated blood lakes.[doi.org] […] with germ cell tumors, especially germinomas, including hypercalcemia, 86, 88 hypoglycemia, 89 exophthalmos, 90, 91 autoimmune hemolytic anemia (usually ovarian dermoids)[doi.org] ; and hyperthyroidism because of the thyroid-stimulating hormone-like activity of hCG. 86, 87 A number of other interesting, paraneoplastic manifestations may be seen in association[doi.org]

  • Malignant Mesonephroma of the Ovary

    , ataxia telangiectasia, 86 and limbic encephalopathy. 92, 93 Figure 15 Seminoma with prominent syncytiotrophoblast cells and associated blood lakes.[nature.com] […] with germ cell tumors, especially germinomas, including hypercalcemia, 86, 88 hypoglycemia, 89 exophthalmos, 90, 91 autoimmune hemolytic anemia (usually ovarian dermoids)[nature.com] ; and hyperthyroidism because of the thyroid-stimulating hormone-like activity of hCG. 86, 87 A number of other interesting, paraneoplastic manifestations may be seen in association[nature.com]

  • Cryptogenic Cirrhosis

    ., encephalopathy, ascites, or coagulopathy, may have a reduced ability to counteract hypoglycemia, and thus, the response to therapy should be monitored closely.[care.diabetesjournals.org] Historically, chlorpropamide ( 84, 98 – 100 ) was associated with hepatitis and jaundice.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy

    @article{5b17004d3c9e42e2911495d3b793fc41, title "The Reversible Corpus Callosum Splenium Lesion Associated With Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy", keywords "encephalopathy, hypoglycemia[miami.pure.elsevier.com] The prognosis of hypoglycemic encephalopathy depends on co morbidities, associated medical complications, early recognition and treatment, extent of neuroimaging findings[ijcasereportsandimages.com] hypoglycemia. 14 However, most of these conditions are associated with other specific abnormalities.[ajnr.org]

  • Liver Failure

    […] pain associated with monitoring and catheter placement 79.[slideshare.net] ., encephalopathy, ascites, or coagulopathy, may have a reduced ability to counteract hypoglycemia, and thus, the response to therapy should be monitored closely.[care.diabetesjournals.org] Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 2. infection, 3. constipation, 4. sedatives, 5. electrolyte imbalance, 6. hypoglycemia, and 7. hypovolemia 78.[slideshare.net]

  • Neonatal Hypoglycemia

    Severe hypoglycemia in the newborn is associated with selective neuronal necrosis in multiple brain regions, including the superficial cortex, dentate gyrus, hippocampus,[pedsinreview.aappublications.org] The initiating events in hypoglycemic encephalopathy still are not understood completely, but brain injury appears to result from a number of processes that are initiated[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]

  • Acute Liver Failure

    Encephalopathy This condition, when associated with liver failure tends to be very progressive. Medications such as sedatives are avoided unless intubation is required.[lecturio.com] Reversible conditions such as infections, hypoglycemia, and hypoxemia should be addressed immediately. Airway management should be provided as needed.[lecturio.com]

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