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13 Possible Causes for Hypoglycorrhachia (low Glucose in CSF)

Did you mean: Hypoglycorrhachia (low Glucose in CSF

  • GLUT1 Deficiency Syndrome

    The hallmark of the disease is a low glucose concentration in the CSF (hypoglycorrhachia) in the presence of normoglycaemia (CSF/blood glucose ratio CONCLUSION: this treatable[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The hallmark of the disease is a low glucose concentration in the CSF (hypoglycorrhachia) in the presence of normoglycaemia (CSF/blood glucose ratio GLUT1 gene.[link.springer.com] The essential biochemical finding is a low glucose concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF; hypoglycorrhachia; mean 1.7 [SD 0.3mmol/L]) in the setting of normoglycaemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia

    To characterise the phenotype of a family with paroxysmal exercise induced dystonia (PED) and migraine and establish whether it is linked to the paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) locus on chromosome 2q33-35, the familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) locus on chromosome 19p, or the familial infantile convulsions[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chemical Meningitis

    CSF glucose typically lags behind serum glucose. 4) Low CSF Glucose ( hypoglycorrhachia ) is classically seen in bacterial meningitis.[casemed.case.edu] glucose levels. 5 Chemical meningitis, inflammatory conditions, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and hypoglycemia also cause hypoglycorrhachia (low glucose level in CSF).[aafp.org] , preferably at the same time (serum glucose 2-4 hours before the LP is typically acceptable).[casemed.case.edu]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    We found that: 1) The low CSF glucose concentration was not increased by I.V. infusion of sugar; 2) the high basal CSF lactic acid level was not further stimulated by I.V.[link.springer.com] In order to understand better the mechanism of hypoglycorrhachia, the patient was subjected to I.V. glucose loading; serial samples of blood and CSF were obtained to determine[link.springer.com] The diagnosis was supported, however, by cytological and biochemical CSF examination. Of particular interest in this setting was the low level of glycorrhachia.[link.springer.com]

  • Viral Meningitis

    glucose levels. 5 Chemical meningitis, inflammatory conditions, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and hypoglycemia also cause hypoglycorrhachia (low glucose level in CSF).[aafp.org] […] in viral infections ( Table 2 ). 14 Normal glucose levels do not rule out infection, because up to 50 percent of patients who have bacterial meningitis will have normal CSF[aafp.org]

  • Movement Disorder

    It is characterized by a low glucose concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid (hypoglycorrhachia) in the absence of hypoglycemia, in combination with low to normal lactate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) deficiency syndrome is caused by heterozygous mutations in the SLC2A1 gene, resulting in impaired glucose transport into the brain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neonatal Intracranial Hemorrhage

    Hypoglycorrhachia in the absence of other known causes for decreased CSF glucose is a good index of a probably significant meningeal hemorrhage with a high risk of secondary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Only 3 of the 40 control patients had hypoglycorrhachia and low ratio.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Hypoglycemia and hypoglycorrhachia (a very low concentration of CSF glucose) occur in 15% of cases, especially in children 4 yr; they should be screened for metabolic disease[merckmanuals.com] CSF examination usually shows increased pressure, 8 to 10 WBCs/ μ L, and normal protein levels; the CSF glutamine level may be elevated.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    CSF hypoglycorrhachia, or low CSF glucose, is often observed in cases of fungal, tuberculous, or carcinomatous meningitis—all of which can pick off cranial nerves, produce[brainwaves.me]

  • Candida Meningitis

    glucose levels. 5 Chemical meningitis, inflammatory conditions, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and hypoglycemia also cause hypoglycorrhachia (low glucose level in CSF).[aafp.org] […] in viral infections ( Table 2 ). 14 Normal glucose levels do not rule out infection, because up to 50 percent of patients who have bacterial meningitis will have normal CSF[aafp.org]

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