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415 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia, Polyuria

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[pharmacytimes.com] Over the next few days, however, the patient developed severe thirst and polyuria exceeding 6 L of urine per day, accompanied by hypernatraemia and hypo-osmolar urine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fatigue, muscle weakness, leg cramps NV, paralytic ileus Soft, flabby muscles Paresthesias, decreased reflexes Weak, irregular pulse Polyuria, hyperglycemia What are 5 key[quizlet.com] Additionally, copeptin concentrations did not predict future development of hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and cerebral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient developed polydipsia and polyuria one week before admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Somatostatinoma- and aldosteronoma-induced hypokalemia can cause diabetes, at least in part, by inhibiting insulin secretion.[care.diabetesjournals.org] This is because both disorders cause polyuria , or excessive urine output.[courses.washington.edu] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Hypotension secondary to decreased plasma aldosterone levels 4 Hypertension with low plasma renin activity 5 Increased fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) and associated hyponatremia[step1.medbullets.com] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] […] pri·mar·y al·dos·ter·on·ism an adrenocortical disorder caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone and characterized by headaches, nocturia, polyuria, fatigue, hypertension[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] Abstract Bartter syndrome is an autosomic recessive disease characterized by severe polyuria and sodium renal loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] : a closely associated disorder, milder than both subtypes of Bartter's syndrome Schwartz-Bartter's syndrome : a separate entity characterized by hypertonicity of urine, hyponatremia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Water Intoxication

    Paradoxical increase in hematocrit and plasma protein with acute extensive natriuresis was associated as well as urine potassium loss and hypokalemia producing paralysis in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Also, we present a diagnostic algorithm for polydipsia and polyuria before death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Water intoxication is an unusual but potentially lethal cause of perioperative hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    […] oliguria, salt and water overload, hyperkalemia, uremia -recovery phase is days to months and characterized by polyuria, large amounts of water and electrolytes lost in urine, hypokalemia[quizlet.com] The oliguric phase lasted only 24 h followed by prolonged polyuria for 20 days, with urine output in excess of 16 L/day at maximum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Among them, the most relevant are sodium and water retention, hyponatremia, worsening of hypertension or preexisting cardiac failure, hyperkalemia, acute kidney injury, chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Tw o also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing's disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nine days postpartum, the patient was still unable to move in her bed, complained of strong thirst, and had hypotonic polyuria (8,900 mL/day).[academic.oup.com] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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