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317 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia, Polyuria

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fatigue, muscle weakness, leg cramps NV, paralytic ileus Soft, flabby muscles Paresthesias, decreased reflexes Weak, irregular pulse Polyuria, hyperglycemia What are 5 key[quizlet.com] Additionally, copeptin concentrations did not predict future development of hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient developed polydipsia and polyuria one week before admission.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Hyperglycemia may cause dilutional hyponatremia, so measured serum sodium is corrected by adding 1.6 mEq/L (1.6 mmol/L) for each 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) elevation of serum[merckmanuals.com] Review Topic QID: 109465 1 Hyponatremia is independently associated with a poor prognosis 2 Hyperkalemia is independent of the patient's total body potassium stores 3 Hyperglycemia[medbullets.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[doi.org] This is because both disorders cause polyuria , or excessive urine output.[courses.washington.edu] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cushing's Disease

    The course of the disease was fatal, the patient died due to severe hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Forty-six patients (18%) had postoperative electrolyte abnormalities (30 with hyponatremia and 16 with diabetes insipidus), but only 2 patients required treatment at discharge[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    In 3 patients, fludrocortisone treatment was complicated by hypokalemia, and in 1 patient by hypertension, which necessitated a dose reduction or brief cessation of therapy[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Other causes of polyuria and hyponatremia should be excluded. Treatment aims at restoring the lost water and salt.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Hyponatremia after chemotherapy is not an uncommon clinical syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] Abstract Bartter syndrome is an autosomic recessive disease characterized by severe polyuria and sodium renal loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] : a closely associated disorder, milder than both subtypes of Bartter's syndrome Schwartz-Bartter's syndrome : a separate entity characterized by hypertonicity of urine, hyponatremia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Diuretic Toxicity

    Same as chlorothiazide; hypokalemia is major electrolyte imbalance Footnotes The plasma clearance of furosemide varies considerably in the neonate (Aranda et al 1980, Chemtob[uichildrens.org] Early symptoms of hypercalcemia may include nausea, vomiting, and anorexia (appetite/weight loss), followed by polyuria (excess urination), polydipsia (excess thirst), weakness[vitamindwiki.com] So with hyponatremia, more Li is reabsorbed causing higher Li levels and lithium toxicity. This goes for anything that causes lower na levels.[forums.studentdoctor.net]

  • Hypokalemic Nephropathy

    Certain herbal products, like licorice and gan cao may be causative for hypokalemia.[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] Hypokalemia can lead to a renal concentrating defect leading to polyuria and polydipsia- DI 2.[nephronpower.com] Metabolic alkalosis is a constant finding and in group A occurs with a tendency to hyponatremia and hypochloremia, with the development of metabolic acidosis only in advanced[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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