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415 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia, Polyuria

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[] Over the next few days, however, the patient developed severe thirst and polyuria exceeding 6 L of urine per day, accompanied by hypernatraemia and hypo-osmolar urine.[] A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[] Fatigue, muscle weakness, leg cramps NV, paralytic ileus Soft, flabby muscles Paresthesias, decreased reflexes Weak, irregular pulse Polyuria, hyperglycemia What are 5 key[] Additionally, copeptin concentrations did not predict future development of hyponatremia.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[] Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and cerebral[] The patient developed polydipsia and polyuria one week before admission.[] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Somatostatinoma- and aldosteronoma-induced hypokalemia can cause diabetes, at least in part, by inhibiting insulin secretion.[] This is because both disorders cause polyuria , or excessive urine output.[] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Hypotension secondary to decreased plasma aldosterone levels 4 Hypertension with low plasma renin activity 5 Increased fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) and associated hyponatremia[] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[] […] pri·mar·y al·dos·ter·on·ism an adrenocortical disorder caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone and characterized by headaches, nocturia, polyuria, fatigue, hypertension[]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[] Abstract Bartter syndrome is an autosomic recessive disease characterized by severe polyuria and sodium renal loss.[] : a closely associated disorder, milder than both subtypes of Bartter's syndrome Schwartz-Bartter's syndrome : a separate entity characterized by hypertonicity of urine, hyponatremia[]

  • Water Intoxication

    Paradoxical increase in hematocrit and plasma protein with acute extensive natriuresis was associated as well as urine potassium loss and hypokalemia producing paralysis in[] Also, we present a diagnostic algorithm for polydipsia and polyuria before death.[] Water intoxication is an unusual but potentially lethal cause of perioperative hyponatremia.[]

  • Acute Tubular Necrosis

    […] oliguria, salt and water overload, hyperkalemia, uremia -recovery phase is days to months and characterized by polyuria, large amounts of water and electrolytes lost in urine, hypokalemia[] The oliguric phase lasted only 24 h followed by prolonged polyuria for 20 days, with urine output in excess of 16 L/day at maximum.[] Among them, the most relevant are sodium and water retention, hyponatremia, worsening of hypertension or preexisting cardiac failure, hyperkalemia, acute kidney injury, chronic[]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Tw o also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing's disease.[] Nine days postpartum, the patient was still unable to move in her bed, complained of strong thirst, and had hypotonic polyuria (8,900 mL/day).[] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[]

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