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593 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hypovolemia

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  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[] Pro: Uses glucose containing fluids, so it gives an energy source in addition to treating hypovolemia.[] hypokalemia.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[] After blood sampling for cortisol and ACTH assay, treatment should be commenced by parenteral hydrocortisone hemisuccinate together with the correction of hypoglycemia and hypovolemia[] Symptoms are the same as for Addison disease and include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, but there is usually less hypovolemia.[]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[] , syncope, and other manifestations of hypovolemia.[] Bumetanide has demonstrated an adverse-reaction profile similar to that of furosemide, although the incidence of hypochloremia and hypokalemia is greater with bumetanide.[]

  • VIPoma

    It causes symptoms such as profuse watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria.[] Markedly elevated VIP plasma levels in the VIPoma syndrome lead to intestinal secretion with severe secretory diarrhea, resulting in hypovolemia, hypokalemia, and acidosis[] Dehydration may also lead to hypovolemia, which can in some cases lead to renal failure.[]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[] Acute diarrhea: Metabolic acidosis due to hypovolemia Chronic diarrhea: Metabolic alkalosis secondary to hypokalemia-induced inhibition of chloride uptake in the intestine[] There may also be abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting and hypokalemia.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[] […] result in the following [73] : Delayed puberty Amenorrhea Anovulation Low estrogen states Increased growth hormone Decreased antidiuretic hormone Hypercarotenemia Hypothermia Hypokalemia[] Given the clinical presentation, this patient likely presented on the brink of developing frank refeeding syndrome, with cardiac dysfunction and hypovolemia, leading to hepatic[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Monitor patients for signs and symptoms Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia.[] There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia.[] Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia. Blood pressure, sodium and potassium levels may need to be monitored.[]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[] Overdosage can result in ileus, severe diarrhea, electrolyte disturbances, and hypovolemia.[] Thus, correction of hypokalemia is a simple and essential part of treating HE.[]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis , hypokalemia , hypernatremia , and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[] As previously mentioned, hypovolemia may occur in the absence of treatment, which may ultimately result in hypotension and shock.[] Dehydration, hypovolemia, and sepsis may result in decreased body temperature and death. 2 Signs of shock may develop within a few hours.[]

  • Liddle Syndrome

    His serum renin was Discussion: The evaluation of hypokalemia begins with whether or not the hypokalemia is transient (due to cell shift) or sustained from either renal or[] Because hyponatremia and hypovolemia are the main stimulants for secretion of renin and aldosterone, plasma levels of these hormones are typically diminished in LS patients[] All patients had hypokalemia and suppressed plasma renin activity.[]

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