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593 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hypovolemia

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  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pro: Uses glucose containing fluids, so it gives an energy source in addition to treating hypovolemia.[pedemmorsels.com] hypokalemia.[omicsonline.org]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[pharmacytimes.com] After blood sampling for cortisol and ACTH assay, treatment should be commenced by parenteral hydrocortisone hemisuccinate together with the correction of hypoglycemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms are the same as for Addison disease and include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, but there is usually less hypovolemia.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , syncope, and other manifestations of hypovolemia.[skepticfiles.org] Bumetanide has demonstrated an adverse-reaction profile similar to that of furosemide, although the incidence of hypochloremia and hypokalemia is greater with bumetanide.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • VIPoma

    It causes symptoms such as profuse watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria.[symptoma.com] Markedly elevated VIP plasma levels in the VIPoma syndrome lead to intestinal secretion with severe secretory diarrhea, resulting in hypovolemia, hypokalemia, and acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration may also lead to hypovolemia, which can in some cases lead to renal failure.[endocrinesurgeon.co.uk]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute diarrhea: Metabolic acidosis due to hypovolemia Chronic diarrhea: Metabolic alkalosis secondary to hypokalemia-induced inhibition of chloride uptake in the intestine[tipsdiscover.com] There may also be abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting and hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] result in the following [73] : Delayed puberty Amenorrhea Anovulation Low estrogen states Increased growth hormone Decreased antidiuretic hormone Hypercarotenemia Hypothermia Hypokalemia[emedicine.medscape.com] Given the clinical presentation, this patient likely presented on the brink of developing frank refeeding syndrome, with cardiac dysfunction and hypovolemia, leading to hepatic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Monitor patients for signs and symptoms Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia.[actharnephrology.com] There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia. Blood pressure, sodium and potassium levels may need to be monitored.[prnewswire.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] Overdosage can result in ileus, severe diarrhea, electrolyte disturbances, and hypovolemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] Thus, correction of hypokalemia is a simple and essential part of treating HE.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis , hypokalemia , hypernatremia , and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] As previously mentioned, hypovolemia may occur in the absence of treatment, which may ultimately result in hypotension and shock.[uspharmacist.com] Dehydration, hypovolemia, and sepsis may result in decreased body temperature and death. 2 Signs of shock may develop within a few hours.[gopetsamerica.com]

  • Liddle Syndrome

    His serum renin was Discussion: The evaluation of hypokalemia begins with whether or not the hypokalemia is transient (due to cell shift) or sustained from either renal or[utswim.wordpress.com] Because hyponatremia and hypovolemia are the main stimulants for secretion of renin and aldosterone, plasma levels of these hormones are typically diminished in LS patients[symptoma.com] All patients had hypokalemia and suppressed plasma renin activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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