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283 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Hypovolemia, Orthostatic Hypotension

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Pro: Uses glucose containing fluids, so it gives an energy source in addition to treating hypovolemia.[] It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[] hypokalemia.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    After blood sampling for cortisol and ACTH assay, treatment should be commenced by parenteral hydrocortisone hemisuccinate together with the correction of hypoglycemia and hypovolemia[] Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[] Orthostatic hypotension and salt craving can be prominent in primary insufficiency due to aldosterone deficiency leading to profound volume depletion.[]

  • Loop Diuretic

    […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[] Torsemide has infrequent, mild, and transient adverse effects; among the most common are orthostatic hypotension, fatigue, dizziness, and nervousness.[] , syncope, and other manifestations of hypovolemia.[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    Monitor patients for signs and symptoms Acthar can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and hypokalemia.[] hypotension). loss of appetite fatigue Causes of nephrotic syndrome Some of the causes of nephrotic syndrome include: changes to the immune system (minimal change disease[] There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Given the clinical presentation, this patient likely presented on the brink of developing frank refeeding syndrome, with cardiac dysfunction and hypovolemia, leading to hepatic[] Patients with anorexia nervosa are also more susceptible to orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, and muscle cramping due to malnutrition and low level caloric diets.[] […] result in the following [73] : Delayed puberty Amenorrhea Anovulation Low estrogen states Increased growth hormone Decreased antidiuretic hormone Hypercarotenemia Hypothermia Hypokalemia[]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[] Acute diarrhea: Metabolic acidosis due to hypovolemia Chronic diarrhea: Metabolic alkalosis secondary to hypokalemia-induced inhibition of chloride uptake in the intestine[] There may also be abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting and hypokalemia.[]

  • Lipoid Nephrosis

    The result is edema and hypovolemia , which stimulates tubular reabsorption of sodium and water to increase intravascular volume.[] hypotension). loss of appetite fatigue Causes of nephrotic syndrome Some of the causes of nephrotic syndrome include: changes to the immune system (minimal change disease[] Treatment includes measures to clear proteinuria, reverse hypovolemia, and reduce edema.[]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Profound hypovolemia causes hypotension.[] The proximal site of salt transport defect has been suggested by the absence of hyperreninemia and hypokalemia, which would be a distinguishing feature of Bartter's syndrome[] hypotension sometimes resulting in fainting . [5] Other symptoms frequently associated with dysautonomia include: headaches , pallor , malaise , facial flushing, constipation[]

  • Pheochromocytoma

    Tachycardia may occur in response to tumor manipulation, antihypertensive treatment or hypovolemia.[] The value of triad plus orthostatic hypotension was studied too.[] […] hypertensive patients with pheochromocytoma but not previously as an isolated finding. 20,21 Three patients became symptomatic on standing, possibly explained by the relative hypovolemia[]

  • Fludrocortisone

    In 3 patients, fludrocortisone treatment was complicated by hypokalemia, and in 1 patient by hypertension, which necessitated a dose reduction or brief cessation of therapy[] The efficacy of fludrocortisone as a treatment for postflight hypovolemia and orthostatic hypotension in astronauts has not been studied.[] […] risk of hypokalemia, such as corticosteroids.[]

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