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138 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Leg Cramp, Phosphate Decreased

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Low Ca leading to tetany, hypokalemia, ketosis and ketonuria, kidney damage leading to nitrogen retention. 8.[biologydiscussion.com] […] concentration (delta[PO4]p, 0.14 mmol/liter, P less than 0.005) associated with increased fractional excretion of Ca ( 0.5%, P less than 0.005), decreased phosphate clearance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Afterwards, hypokalemia ensues owing to transcellular shift, decreased renal reabsorption, and bicarbonaturia.[us.bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Phosphate concentration decreases with insulin therapy.[doi.org] Presentation Symptoms: polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss nausea & vomiting abdominal pain anorexia weakness/ lethargy leg cramps blurry vision Signs: hyperventilation (Kussmaul[fastbleep.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Because of hypophosphataemia, phosphate supplementation was given. Lactic acid levels decreased quickly and no cardiac events reoccurred.[njmonline.nl] cramps Limp muscles Low BP & Heart Nursing Interventions for Hypokalemia Watch heart rhythm (place on cardiac monitor…most are already on telemetry), respiratory status,[registerednursern.com]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Generalized aminoaciduria and decreased tubular reabsorption of phosphate were also present.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] cramps Postural hypotension Shallow respirations Lethargy and confusion Causes of Renal Tubular Acidosis Specific causes of renal tubular acidosis according to type were[ehealthwall.com]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    ., spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ) Gastrointestinal bleeding Constipation Portal vein thrombosis Hypovolemia /exsiccosis and electrolyte disturbances ( hypokalemia, hyponatremia[amboss.com] Digestive issues like nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and cramping.[marylandhearingcenter.com] Screen for hypoxia, hypoglycemia, anemia, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, and other potential metabolic or endocrine factors; correct as indicated.[aafp.org]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] albumin level Malnutrition Elevated calcium level, decreased phosphate level Vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism Thrombocytosis, leukocytosis General inflammatory[aafp.org] Less commonly, people with celiac disease have joint pain, osteoporosis or osteopenia (low bone mass before osteoporosis), anemia (from impaired iron absorption), leg numbness[asge.org]

  • Heat Stroke

    […] confusional state (58.97%),coma (29.48%), seizure (33.33%),and vomiting (26.92%).Vital parameters were recorded and laboratory parameters revealed hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia, hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If they're able to articulate themselves, they may also complain of leg or stomach cramps.[mirror.co.uk] On admission, the common electrolyte disturbances were hypokalemia (71.2 %), hypophosphatemia (59.1 %), hyponatremia (53.0 %), hypocalcemia (51.5 %), and hypomagnesemia (34.9[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased luminal phosphate or fat may precipitate magnesium and decrease its absorption.[emedicine.com] Signs include arrhythmias, neuromuscular irritability, leg cramps, mood changes, confusion, hallucinations, or seizures. Synonym(s): hypomagnesaemia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Without NH 3 , the other buffers, primarily phosphate, are overloaded. As a result, the urine pH is acidic.[netscut.templaro.com] Bone pain Kidney stones Irregular heartbeat Weak bones Paralysis Muscle weakness Muscle cramps Dehydration Stunted growth in kids.[momjunction.com]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The South East Asian cases are associated with more severe hypokalemia.[en.wikipedia.org] […] with calcium phosphate stone formation: hypocitraturia, hypercalciuria, and a high urine pH.[cjasn.asnjournals.org] Bone pain Kidney stones Irregular heartbeat Weak bones Paralysis Muscle weakness Muscle cramps Dehydration Stunted growth in kids.[momjunction.com]

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