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76 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Medication Noncompliance, Pneumococcal Pneumonia

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Clients must occasionally be discharged as noncompliant, which reinforces to the chronic relapser that he/she can no longer successfully live on self will.[addictionpro.com] The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To reduce this potentially fatal risk of alcoholism, alcoholics should be vaccinated for pneumococcal pneumonia.[searidgealcoholrehab.com]

  • Asthma

    A meta-analysis by DiMatteo et al [ 50 ] revealed that patients with a chronic disease and depression were three times more likely to be noncompliant with medical treatment[dx.doi.org] Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Depression is a risk factor for noncompliance with medical treatment: meta analysis of the effects of anxiety and depression on patient adherence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    These include any recent infection, dietary non compliance (excess use of fluids, alcohol, or salt), medication noncompliance (especially diuretics), presence of chest pain[clinicaladvisor.com] In most cases, it is a result of diuretic therapy, which causes activation of the renin-angiotensin system, chloride depletion, increased distal sodium delivery, hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] pneumonia Additionally, people who already have CHF should avoid caffeine, get adequate rest, track changes in their symptoms, avoid very cold or hot temperatures, and wear[medicalnewstoday.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Arch Surg 140 : 362 -367, 2005 Elkins G , Whitfield P, Marcus J, Symmonds R, Rodriguez J, Cook T: Noncompliance with behavioral recommendations following bariatric surgery[clinical.diabetesjournals.org] Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] ., to prevent influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia). Prognosis Diabetes is a chronic disease whose symptoms can be ameliorated and life prolonged by proper therapy.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections.[13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing[en.wikipedia.org] Length‐of‐stay in hospitalised patients; Change in self‐rated symptom scores within hours and at 3 days; Intubations and complications; Adverse events included: Nausea/vomiting, hypokalemia[doi.org] Treatments used in the early stages of disease include vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia and administration of drugs that widen the airways (i.e., bronchodilators[britannica.com]

  • Hyperkalemia

    He has insulin dependent diabetes and a history of noncompliance with medications. [...][ecgweekly.com] On the other hand, limited evidence suggests a link between hypokalemia, but not hyperkalemia, and progression of CKD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 34-year-old African-American man was admitted to the hospital for pneumococcal pneumonia and sepsis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ascites

    noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, dysrhythmias, renal failure, pulmonary emboli, hypertension, and infections. [13] Treatment efforts are directed towards decreasing lung[en.wikipedia.org] […] diuresis depletes fluid from the intravascular compartment, especially when peripheral edema is absent; this depletion may cause renal failure or electrolyte imbalance (eg, hypokalemia[merckmanuals.com] pneumonia Talk to your doctor about all medicines you take, including herbs and supplements and over-the-counter medicines Procedures that you may have are: Inserting a needle[ufhealth.org]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    Criticisms of these studies included insufficient statistical power, contamination of the control group, and a 25% noncompliance rate among the screened group.5 In the Mayo[alpfmedical.info] Alternatively SCLCs can synthesize ADH, resulting in SIADH, or may secrete ACTH, which can yield hypokalemia or Cushing Syndrome.[pathwaymedicine.org] Alternatively SCLCs can synthesize ADH, resulting in SIADH , or may secrete ACTH, which can yield hypokalemia or Cushing Syndrome .[pathwaymedicine.org]

  • Celiac Disease

    The cumulative risk of subsequent autoimmune disease was lower in patients compliant to a gluten-free diet versus noncompliant patients (at 10 years, 6% /- 2% vs 15.6% /-[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of the tissue of the lungs) and meningitis (an infection of the lining of the brain) pneumococcal vaccine, which protects against infections caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae[hse.ie]

  • Ileus

    Noncompliance with insulin therapy has been found to be the leading precipitating cause for DKA in urban African-Americans and medically indigent patients ( 5, 26 ).[care.diabetesjournals.org] The patients had dilated bowels and hypokalemia; correction of the hypokalemia decreased the dilation.[ijam-web.org] pneumonia.[empendium.com]

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