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2,646 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Patient Appears Chronically Ill, Starvation Ketosis

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org] To prevent hypokalemia, potassium replacement is initiated after serum levels fall below the upper level of normal for the particular laboratory (5.0–5.2 mEq/l).[web.archive.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com] Recent reports have emphasized the occurrence of a myopathy in chronic alcoholism associated with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    […] pregnant women and is associated with persistent vomiting (more than three episodes per day) that results in severe dehydration, ketonuria, electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia[aafp.org] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net] Serum electrolyte disturbances of patients with hyperemesis result in severe hypokalemia.[karger.com]

    Missing: Patient Appears Chronically Ill
  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrolyte imbalances, such as low potassium level ( hypokalemia ), low calcium level (hypocalcemia), and low magnesium level (hypomagnesemia), may be present.[emedicinehealth.com]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • VIPoma

    Mild hypokalemia is common and encountered in a multitude of diseases, but severe hypokalemia leading to rhabdomyolysis is relatively rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is a neuroendocrine tumor issue from β-pancreatic islets leading to profuse diarrhea, hypokalemia and gastric achlorydria due to secretion of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia and impaired glucose tolerance occur in 50% of patients. Achlorhydria is also a feature.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Ulcerative Colitis

    Hypoalbuminemia (albumin 3.5 g/dL), hypokalemia (postassium 3.5 mEq/L), elevated alkaline phosphatase, and hypomagnesemia (magnesium, 1.5 mg/dL) will be looked for in a comprehensive[symptoma.com] […] for anemia; thrombocytosis, a high platelet count, is occasionally seen Electrolyte studies and kidney function tests are done, as chronic diarrhea may be associated with hypokalemia[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Sjögren Syndrome

    She also had chronic hypokalemia and nephrolithiasis. Based on clinical presentation and work up, she was diagnosed with pSS and treated accordingly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bone density test showed severe osteoporosis, and laboratory findings suggested hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency, which supported the diagnosis of hypophosphatemic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Serum electrolytes and blood gas analyses of the two patients indicated severe hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis, and proton secretory defects were shown by a failure to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Type 1

    Performing surgery on patients with Crohn's disease is a true challenge due to the elevated risk of complications related to the chronic proinflammatory response. Stenosis is the leading cause of intestinal resection in these patients. The authors present the case of a 50-year-old woman with inflammatory stenosis[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Starvation Ketosis

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