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236 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Polycythemia, Polyuria

  • Cushing's Disease

    Tw o also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing's disease.[] Nine days postpartum, the patient was still unable to move in her bed, complained of strong thirst, and had hypotonic polyuria (8,900 mL/day).[] […] kyphosis caused by osteoporosis of the spine, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, amenorrhea, hypertrichosis in females, impotence in males, dusky complexion with purple markings, polycythemia[]

  • Hypokalemic Nephropathy

    D006978 Renovascular hypertension (or renal… … Wikipedia Erythromelalgia — Classification and external resources Erythromelalgia in a 77 year old woman with longstanding polycythemia[] Certain herbal products, like licorice and gan cao may be causative for hypokalemia.[] Hypokalemia can lead to a renal concentrating defect leading to polyuria and polydipsia- DI 2.[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    Laboratory examinations revealed hypokalemia and anemia due to iron deficiency ( Table I ).[] Higher concentrations of tolvaptan were less well tolerated, resulting in adverse events of pollakiuria, thirst, polyuria, nocturia, and a higher number of times out of bed[] Rarely, CBC detects polycythemia. Patients with symptoms of cerebral aneurysm require high-resolution CT or magnetic resonance angiography.[]

  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

    The formation of multiple cysts is also seen in conditions that cause hypokalemia, certain metabolic conditions, and toxic injury to the kidney Acquired cystic kidney disease[] Tolvaptan appears to slow increase in renal volume and decline in renal function, but it can cause adverse effects via free water diuresis (eg, thirst, polydipsia, polyuria[] The tolvaptan treatment was tolerated for just 3 months before complaints about polyuria and polydipsia necessitated a break from treatment.[]

  • Pheochromocytoma

    Hypokalemia may be present if hyperaldosteronism is diagnosed.[] Other presenting findings that occur in children include weight loss, nausea and vomiting, polyuria, visual disturbances and anxiety.[]

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormone

    Monitor intake and output, serum glucose and electrolyte levels for abnormalities, especially hypokalemia and hypernatremia.[] Other frequent symptoms include visual complaints, weight loss, and polyuria and polydipsia.[] Hypertnsion, Hypokalemia (low levels of K), hypernatremia and Alkalosis. (Adenoma’s – Over production of Aldosterone).[]

  • Acetazolamide

    Contraindications: Hypokalemia. Hyponatremia. Severe renal, hepatic, or adrenocortical impairment. Hyperchloremic acidosis. Cirrhosis.[] Urine output was also not affected, although none of these patients demonstrated overt lithium-induced polyuria.[] ACZ reduced polycythemia and CMS score, while NAC improved CMS score without significantly lowering hematocrit.[]

  • Hypernatremia

    Polycythemia or hypernatremia do not define dehydration.[] Hypernatremia and hypokalemia were gradually corrected by intentional water intake only.[] We present a case to illustrate the importance of emphasizing elementary physiology to deduce the basis for the acute onset of polyuria and hypernatremia.[]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    After 2 weeks of polyuria, the patient developed insulin-deficient hyperglycemia with diabetic ketoacidosis in the absence of verifiable islet-related autoantibodies and began[] A review of the literature reveals several instances of polycythemia developing in association with liver therapy, and a few cases of typical polycythemia vera associated[] Christian 3 and Stieglitz 4 stated that patients generally show a tendency toward fixation of the specific gravity of the urine without accompanying polyuria and with a relative[]

  • Acidosis

    However, in severe cases accompanied by hypokalemia, correction of the hypokalemia may be necessary first.[] Patients with dRTA can be asymptomatic or can present with polyuria, polydipsia, weakness and fatigue (symptoms associated with hypokalemia).[] These patients may have secondary polycythemia, as demonstrated by elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit values.[]

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