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94 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Potassium Decreased, Vitamin D Deficiency with Rickets

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    However, under certain conditions, PPIs may cause metabolic acidosis or hypokalemia, probably due to an inhibitory action on the proton pump that contributes to H( ) and K[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In five patients, impaired potassium excretion was associated with decreased ammonium excretion, a urinary pH below 5.5 (5.18 0.07, mean S.E.M.), and aldosterone deficiency[nejm.org] , aminoglycosides Heavy metal poisoning (e.g., lead, cadmium , mercury ) Clinical features Vitamin D -resistant rickets / osteomalacia Stunted growth Polyuria polydipsia[amboss.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] , aminoglycosides Heavy metal poisoning (e.g., lead, cadmium , mercury ) Clinical features Vitamin D -resistant rickets / osteomalacia Stunted growth Polyuria polydipsia[amboss.com]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] A proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is the mechanism underlying the systemic acidosis found in vitamin D deficiency rickets.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acetazolamide

    Contraindications: Hypokalemia. Hyponatremia. Severe renal, hepatic, or adrenocortical impairment. Hyperchloremic acidosis. Cirrhosis.[empr.com] […] water reabsorption and increasing excretion of sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Additionally, Vitamin D deficiency and rickets are associated with Type 2 RTA, and hyperparathyroidism is implicated as a cause , but the mechanism is poorly understood, and[derangedphysiology.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[encyclopedia.com] It was most probably caused by the severe hypokalemia despite central intravenous treatment (figure 2) . Unfortunately, the T.[omicsonline.org] ., methotrexate , sulfonamides , phenytoin ) Green leaves Other deficiencies Protein: edema , cachexia Iron deficiency anemia or microcytic anemia Electrolytes: hypokalemia[amboss.com]

  • Acquired Fanconi Syndrome

    […] of potassium (FEK) and uric acid (FEUA), low-molecular-weight proteinuria, panaminoaciduria and glycosuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory test results showed hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypouricemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The %TRP was decreased, although his fractional excretion of potassium (FEK) and FEUA were increased.[bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Hypophosphatemia

    Extremely preterm infants born SGA who were managed with currently recommended early parenteral nutrition had a high risk of early hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased intake Intravenous—sodium or potassium phosphate Oral administration—Neutraphos Rectal—Fleets phosphosoda enemas Decreased renal excretion Renal insufficiency/failure—acute[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] Onocogenic osteomalacia (OO), or tumor-induced rickets Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) Pseudovitamin D deficiency rickets (vitamin D-dependent[dovemed.com]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Therefore, the mechanisms underlying persistent aldosterone over secretion despite suppression of the renin-angiotensin system and the hypokalemia have been a “puzzle” for[hyper.ahajournals.org] For specific details on vitamin D deficiency, CKD and its management and gastrointestinal malabsorption, see separate Vitamin D Deficiency including Osteomalacia and Rickets[patient.info] Vitamin D levels were deficient. She had low bone mineral density with Z score of -3.4.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephronophthisis

    There has been a case report of vitamin D deficiency rickets in an infant nursed with soybean milk (not specifically designed for infants).[wellness.com] Her fractional excretion of sodium increased from 3.3% to 35%, and her fractional excretion of potassium decreased from 55% to 22%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Persistent hypokalemia was a feature of the disease in our patient seen before the stage of terminal renal failure.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As a result, vitamin D deficiency may cause low blood calcium levels (hypocalcemia). This predisposes children with celiac disease to bone disorders such as rickets.[emedicinehealth.com] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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