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540 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Proximal Muscle Weakness

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[] Clinical findings Proximal muscle weakness, failure to thrive, short stature, convulsions, tetany, cramps, ileus, gout, mental retardation, enuresis, nocturia, polyuria, salt[] Moderate hypokalemia can be nevertheless asymptomatic. Pathophysiology of hypokalemia helps to identify the course of treatment.[]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Tw o also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing's disease.[] The following signs and symptoms are common: Weight gain Skin changes Hirsutism Menstrual disorders Progressive proximal muscle weakness Infertility Impotence Moodiness, irritability[] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    Convincing evidence for a pro-arrhythmogenic factor other than hypokalemia is still lacking.[] She developed significant proximal muscle weakness within 16 hours after the initial dose. Her serum potassium was 1.6 mEq/L.[] Neurological examination revealed proximal muscle weakness and generalized hyporeflexia. There was no sensory abnormality and bowel or bladder involvement.[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[] muscle weakness, headache, polyuria, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, tachycardia with / without palpitations Diagnosis Well circumscribed lesion comprised of cells resembling[] Patient gave history of episodic proximal muscle weakness of lower limbs over past one year duration often requiring support.[]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Therefore, the mechanisms underlying persistent aldosterone over secretion despite suppression of the renin-angiotensin system and the hypokalemia have been a “puzzle” for[] Symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), namely fatigue, lethargy and proximal muscle weakness, are unspecific and could be mistaken as complaints naturally present[] Left ventricular hypertrophy may also be seen. [2] Other signs include proximal muscle weakness, itching, and band keratopathy of the eyes.[]

  • Albuterol

    Seventy children (5%) experienced clinical deterioration, and 33 children (3%) had identified hypokalemia or arrhythmia.[] We describe a child with early-onset ptosis, complete ophthalmoplegia, facial and proximal muscle weakness, easy fatigability, a decremental electromyographic response, and[] No significant adverse effects, including tachyarrhythmia and symptomatic hypokalemia, were found in either group.[]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    However, under certain conditions, PPIs may cause metabolic acidosis or hypokalemia, probably due to an inhibitory action on the proton pump that contributes to H( ) and K[] Hypokalemic paralysis, proximal muscle weakness and voiding difficulty were the common modes of presentation.[] The patient had proximal muscle weakness, rickets, nephrocalcinosis, hypokalemia, normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, and urine pH level of 6.80.[]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    Hypokalemia and urinary potassium loss were found.[] Central core disease is the only disease certainly related to the MHS, it is a sarcoplasmic myopathy characterised by proximal muscle weakness.[] , a 52-year-old woman and a 57-year-old man, with rapidly progressive hypertension and marked elevation of brain natriuretic peptide who exhibited polyuria, natriuresis, hypokalemia[]

  • Osteomalacia

    Bone density test showed severe osteoporosis, and laboratory findings suggested hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and vitamin D deficiency, which supported the diagnosis of hypophosphatemic[] Proximal muscle weakness, spinal tenderness to percussion, pseudofractures, and skeletal deformities are found commonly.[] All had generalized bone pain and tenderness, muscle weakness, stooping posture, difficulty walking, and waddling gait due to severe proximal muscle weakness for a period[]

  • Polymyositis

    Myositis can be considered to be a rare extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease and can be used in the differential diagnosis of corticosteroid or hypokalemia-induced[] This report highlights the case of a 30-year-old male who had severe myalgia and proximal muscle weakness.[] Polymyositis is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, characterized by proximal muscle weakness and sometimes extramuscular manifestations.[]

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