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26 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Small Bowel Obstruction, Tympanitic Abdomen

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] Hyperbaric oxygen introduction to the small bowel may relieve low grade forms of small bowel obstruction.[symptoma.com] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org]

  • Gastric Volvulus

    She was discharged home the first time with antiemetics, but it was decided to admit her at the second ED visit as she had laboratory abnormalities significant for severe hypokalemia[westjem.com] Small bowel obstruction is a common clinical problem presenting with abdominal distention, colicky pain, absolute constipation and bilious vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her working diagnosis upon admission was acute pancreatitis and small bowel obstruction due to a preliminary workup that showed an elevated lipase (1,800 U/L) as well as a[sages.org]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    […] intestine Meconium plug syndrome Anorectal malformation Hirschsprung’s disease Small left colon syndrome Other causes Narcotics Electrolyte abnormalities; hypermagnesemia, hypokalemia[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Obstruction is classified as small bowel obstruction (SBO) or large bowel obstruction (LBO) based on the level of obstruction.[saem.org] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org]

  • Constipation

    […] dehydration, melanosis coli, malabsorption, possible deleterious effects on intramural nerves Bisacodyl 10-mg suppositories up to 3 times/wk 5–15 mg/day po Fecal incontinence, hypokalemia[merckmanuals.com] A 10-day-old full-term male neonate of Waardenburg syndrome presented with constipation since birth along with features of small bowel obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Systemic diseases that may cause constipation include the following: Endocrinologic and metabolic disorders - Hypercalcemia , hyperparathyroidism, hypokalemia , hypothyroidism[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    Hypokalemia associated with sigmoid volvulus. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1966; 123: 35-42. Friedlander E.[unige.ch] In the large bowel it is known as a volvulus. In the small bowel it is simply known as small bowel closed loop obstruction.[radiologyassistant.nl] Distention may compromise Respiratory & cardiac function Tympanitic abdomen, Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis - Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted[quizlet.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    Followinglaparotomy –smallbowel- 24h, stomach- 48h, colon- 3-5d •Inflammatione.g. pancreatitis •Thoracicconditions e.g. pneumonia, # ribs•Systemicdisorders e.g. sepsisintrabadmonal, hypokalemia[cram.com] Although small bowel obstruction is associated with internal hernias, large bowel obstruction is unique.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org]

  • Cecal Volvulus

    They are only a reflection of bowel obstruction and/or sepsis: fluid and electrolyte disorders, hypokalemia, azotemia, leukocytosis, inflammatory syndrome, or even bleeding[em-consulte.com] The clinical presentation was usually of distal closed-loop small bowel obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdomen Rebound Tenderness: in cases with peritonitis/bowel ischemia Nausea/Vomiting (see Nausea and Vomiting , [[Nausea and Vomiting]]) Obstipation : failure to pass stools[mdnxs.com]

  • Volvulus

    Laboratory studies demonstrated leukocytosis, hypokalemia, and prerenal azotemia.[casesjournal.com] Small bowel volvulus is a rare but life-threatening surgical emergency. Owing to its rarity, it is seldom entertained as a differential for small bowel obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abdomen Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted U-shaped appearance of distended sigmoid loop Largest and most dilated[learningradiology.com]

  • Meconium Plug Syndrome

    […] intestine Meconium plug syndrome Anorectal malformation Hirschsprung’s disease Small left colon syndrome Other causes Narcotics Electrolyte abnormalities; hypermagnesemia, hypokalemia[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] […] of distal small bowel obstruction Multiple oval filling defects in distal ileum and colon from inspissated meconium On ultrasound Enlarged loops of bowel Possible RLQ “mass[learningradiology.com] Neonatal medical conditions that can be associated with a failure to pass meconium include hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, hypokalemia, sepsis and congestive heart failure.[aafp.org]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    We describe a 60 year man with 2 year history of recurrent paralytic ileus attributed to recurrent hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] bowel obstruction within 2 years after surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org]

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