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37 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Starvation Ketosis

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    […] pregnant women and is associated with persistent vomiting (more than three episodes per day) that results in severe dehydration, ketonuria, electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia[aafp.org] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net] […] ondansetron, and metoclopramide. 13-14 In more severe cases, women may develop hyperemesis gravidarum that may result in dehydration ( 5% weight loss), orthostatic hypotension, starvation[emdocs.net]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com] Recent reports have emphasized the occurrence of a myopathy in chronic alcoholism associated with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com] In patients with DKA and a relatively low plasma potassium level, insulin administration may cause hypokalemia and cardiac arrhythmias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org] To prevent hypokalemia, potassium replacement is initiated after serum levels fall below the upper level of normal for the particular laboratory (5.0–5.2 mEq/l).[web.archive.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] , which is caused by starvation, prolonged fasting, or a severe lack of carbohydrates in one’s diet.[insulinnation.com] The major causes of death are circulatory collapse, hypokalemia, infection, and cerebral edema.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ketosis or acidosis with improved cellular function Laxative abuse Symptoms and Signs Symptoms and signs of mild alkalaemia are usually related to the underlying disorder[pathology.leedsth.nhs.uk] Laboratory values were consistent with hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toluene Poisoning

    Symptoms arise due to severe hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis, most prominent being weakness and paralysis, as well as neurological deficits and gastrointestinal irritation[symptoma.com] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[anaesthesiamcq.com] Acute: Neurologic: Depression Euphoria Ataxia Dizziness Seizures Cardiac: Fatal dysrhythmias Pulmonary: Chemical pneumonitis Pulmonary edema Electrolytes: Hypokalemia Hypocalcemia[5minuteconsult.com]

  • Alkalosis

    Idiopathic adipsic hypernatremia (AH) is a rare disorder associated with hypokalemia and alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ketosis or acidosis with improved cellular function Laxative abuse Symptoms and Signs Symptoms and signs of mild alkalaemia are usually related to the underlying disorder[pathology.leedsth.nhs.uk] Here, we report a patient presenting to a tertiary care emergency department with reduced conscious level, profound hypokalemia, and severe metabolic alkalosis, resulting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acidosis

    However, in severe cases accompanied by hypokalemia, correction of the hypokalemia may be necessary first.[acid-base.com] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com] Causes: Metabolic Acidosis and Elevated Anion Gap (Mnemonic: "MUD PILERS") Methanol, Metformin Uremia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Alcohol ic ketoacidosis or starvation ketosis[fpnotebook.com]

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