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25 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Supraclavicular Fat Pads

  • Cushing's Disease

    The course of the disease was fatal, the patient died due to severe hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Individuals with Cushing syndrome can develop moon facies, facial plethora, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, truncal obesity, and purple striae, as shown in the image[emedicine.medscape.com] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Iatrogenic Cushing's Disease

    In addition to the CS development, biochemical results of the patient showed low cortisol, ACTH, testosterone, DHEAS (Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) levels, and hypokalemia[mrmjournal.biomedcentral.com] Individuals with Cushing syndrome can develop moon facies, facial plethora, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, truncal obesity, and purple striae, as shown in the image[emedicine.medscape.com] 8mg dexamethasone test (pituitary tumors more likely to suppress cortisol 50%), CRH stimulation (pituitary tumors more likely to stimulate cortisol post CRH), presence of hypokalemia[hopkinsguides.com]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] pads.[symptoma.com] […] beta-estradiol (serum, only in men and postmenopausal women) Mineralocorticoid excess potassium (serum) aldosterone/renin ratio (only in patients with arterial hypertension and/or hypokalemia[ensat.org]

  • Cushing Syndrome

    RESULTS: A 59-year-old man presented with nasal congestion and neck swelling and was noted to have hypokalemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Features more specific to Cushing's syndrome include proximal muscle weakness, supraclavicular fat pads, facial plethora, violaceous striae, easy bruising, and premature osteoporosis[bestpractice.bmj.com] We report a case of a 74-year-old male patient who presented with severe hypokalemia, proximal muscle weakness, peripheral edema, metabolic alkalosis, and worsening hyperglycemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma

    Depressivity Depression 0000716 Diabetes mellitus 0000819 Fatigue Tired Tiredness [ more ] 0012378 Generalized hirsutism Excessive hairiness over body 0002230 Hypertension 0000822 Hypokalemia[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] […] hyperparathyroidism上皮小体機能亢進[症] hyperplasia過形成、増殖、増生、肥厚 hyperuricemia高尿酸血[症] hypocalcemia低カルシウム血[症] hypoglycemia低血糖[症] hypoglycemic attack低血糖発作 hypoglycemic coma低血糖[性]昏睡 hypokalemia[tokyo-med.ac.jp]

  • Secondary Aldosteronism

    Hypokalemia (3.2 0.2 mmol/L), hypomagnesemia (1.6 0.3 mg/dL) and a putative metabolic alkalosis (serum HCO3 30 1 mmol/L) were observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Weight gain, glucose intolerance, striae, skin thinning, increase in cervical, supraclavicular fat pad, facial plethora, muscle weakness, or osteoporosis in an obese patient[thecurbsiders.com] The inhibition of PG synthesis with indomethacin decreased renal PG production and partially corrected both hypokalemia and pressor responsiveness to ang II.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormone

    Monitor intake and output, serum glucose and electrolyte levels for abnormalities, especially hypokalemia and hypernatremia.[journals.lww.com] Hypertnsion, Hypokalemia (low levels of K), hypernatremia and Alkalosis. (Adenoma’s – Over production of Aldosterone).[biochemden.com] Hyperaldosteronism Hyperaldosteronism is a condition where too much aldosterone is produced by the adrenal glands, which can lead to a high blood pressure and loss of potassium (hypokalemia[empoweryourhealth.org]

  • Nelson Syndrome

    Mifepristone increases serum cortisol but blocks the effects of the corticosteroid and may cause hypokalemia.[merckmanuals.com] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] Laboratory results showed hypokalemia (3.3 mmol/L), hyponatremia (123 mmol/L), normal serum creatinine (80.5 μmol/L) and elevated morning ACTH (1,250 pg/mL, normal value 6[asean-endocrinejournal.org]

  • ACTH-Independent Cushing Syndrome

    Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome is ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion due to small-cell lung carcinoma, associated with symptoms of hypertension, hypokalemia[specialty.mims.com] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] Elevated cortisol causes vasoconstriction, hypertension, sodium retention and hypokalemia.[wikilectures.eu]

  • Ectopic ACTH Syndrome

    The hypokalemia was resistant to potassium supplementation and persisted for 4 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] Presentation Truncal obesity, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, weight gain. Facial fullness, moon facies, facial plethora. Proximal muscle wasting and weakness.[patient.info]

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