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1,139 Possible Causes for Hypokalemia, Wasting Syndrome

  • Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome

    His father and sister also revealed similiar findings of the upper GI tract, small intestine series, barium enema, and endoscopy without hypoproteinemia, hypokalemia, and[kjim.org] Most patients die of cachexia. 7. Rare cases show transformation into Carcinoma colon. Related post: Polyposis syndrome mnemonic[medicowesome.com] Gastrointestinal problems in Cronkhite–Canada syndrome include: Nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and weight loss, often with cachexia (physical wasting and malnutrition[dermnetnz.org]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    In 3 patients, fludrocortisone treatment was complicated by hypokalemia, and in 1 patient by hypertension, which necessitated a dose reduction or brief cessation of therapy[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Renal salt wasting syndrome is yet another, though it is not common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The proximal site of salt transport defect has been suggested by the absence of hyperreninemia and hypokalemia, which would be a distinguishing feature of Bartter’s syndrome[karger.com]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    Renal compensation for this loss of H ions is by preserving protons at the expense of potassium and thus hypokalemia ensues with now, hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic[forums.studentdoctor.net] These symptoms tend to lead to dehydration, malnutrition and weight loss, and these are distinguished from cancerous cachexia, which accompanies advanced malignancy.[apm.amegroups.com] The adrenocortical response to hypovolemia intensifies the exchange of potassium for sodium at the distal tubule, with subsequent aggravation of the hypokalemia.[thehealthscience.com]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe malnutrition, and even cachexia, can occur if the diagnosis is delayed. Behavioral changes such as irritability are common.[journals.lww.com] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It generally appears in childhood and is clinically characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    One or more boratory alterations (increased erythrocyte sedimentaion rate, anemia, hypokalemia, and low serum albumin vel) were found in 62% of patients with organic diarrhea[doi.org] […] dilated cardiomyopathy ), cardiomegaly, edema Infantile beriberi : cardiomegaly, tachycardia, cyanosis ; aseptic meningitis with vomiting and seizures Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome[amboss.com] It was most probably caused by the severe hypokalemia despite central intravenous treatment (figure 2). Unfortunately, the T.[omicsonline.org]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] My heart is badly damaged from years of unmanaged electrolyte wasting, causing chronic long QT syndrome.[blogs.scientificamerican.com]

  • Whipple Disease

    Note also that adrenal insufficiency is typically associated with hyponatremia and hyperkalemia; the mild hyponatremia and hypokalemia in this patient is more suggestive of[prognosisapp.com] […] disease remains untreated and malabsorption from the small intestine becomes worse, the affected person may have low levels of circulating calcium and magnesium in the blood (hypokalemia[rarediseases.org] Generalized: This stage is characterized by steatorrhea; cachexia; lymphadenopathy; hyperpigmentation; and cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological, and ocular dysfunction.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Kwashiorkor

    The most commonly seen imbalances are hypernatremia with hypokalemia. If hypokalemia is severe, it can result in decreased cardiac contractility, as well as hypotonia.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Marasmus is known as the wasting syndrome (malnutrition without edema).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diagnosis [ edit ] Physical examination to examine muscle wasting, laboratory investigations.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hyponatremia

    Carbamazepine was discontinued, fluid restriction ordered, and hypokalemia was corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: These presentations suggest that the patient has cerebral salt-wasting syndrome caused by intracranial germ cell tumor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He had severe hypokalemia with hypertension and was diagnosed with pseudoaldosteronism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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