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14 Possible Causes for Hypomagnesemia, Potassium Decreased, Thyroxin Binding Globulin Increased

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    The relationship between hyponatremia and rhabdomyolysis may apparently result from intracellular potassium efflux to compensate for the cell edema caused by decreased sodium[] Seizures can be a consequence of hyponatremia or hypomagnesemia, or be secondary to CNS involvement.[]

  • Ulcerative Colitis

    Hypoalbuminemia (albumin 3.5 g/dL), hypokalemia (postassium 3.5 mEq/L), elevated alkaline phosphatase, and hypomagnesemia (magnesium, 1.5 mg/dL) will be looked for in a comprehensive[] […] thrombocytosis, a high platelet count, is occasionally seen Electrolyte studies and kidney function tests are done, as chronic diarrhea may be associated with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia[]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality during acute attacks, and hypomagnesemia is also common.[] […] often shows no abnormalities. [17] Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality during acute attacks, occurring in 40% of patients and presenting as SIADH. [18] Hypomagnesemia[]

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Type 1

    Radiographic imaging studies have an important role in the workup of patients with suspected IBD and in the differentiation of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Because of its ability to depict fine mucosal detail, the double-contrast barium study is a valuable technique for diagnosing ulcerative colitis and[…][]

  • Chronic Pyelonephritis

    Serum potassium levels were not altered significantly in the CKD patients.[] Primary aldosteronism PA is typically associated with hypertension, suppressed renin secretion, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia and metabolic alkalosis due to excess aldosterone[] Furthermore, loss of albumin and thyroxin binding globulin (TBG) may reduce the binding capacity for the thyroid hormones, resulting in a decrease in total tri-iodothyronin[]

  • Maternal Diabetes Syndrome

    Lactic acid has the potential to decrease strength and endurance. These compounds assist in the body’s energy metabolism.[] Hypocalcemia or hypomagnesemia may also be apparent in the first few hours after birth. Symptoms may include jitteriness or seizure activity.[] TSH levels are decreased but thyroid hormones increase as a result of increased synthesis of thyroxine-binding globulin.[]

  • Anterior Pituitary Hypofunction

    Elevated potassium; decreased sodium; elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels due to decreased glomerular filtration rate. Low blood glucose.[] Gastrointestinal Losses Diarrhea Malabsorption including hypochlorhydria Nasogastric suctioning Aluminum containing (phosphorus binding) antacid use Renal Phosphorus Losses Hypomagnesemia[] . 126 Aldosterone has been shown to decrease NO bioavailability, inhibiting endothelium-dependent relaxation.[]

  • Postrenal Azotemia

    potassium concentration in the blood Additionally, some health practitioners recommend a specific diet for individuals with compromised renal function to promote the healthy[] […] nocturia “Tubular” proteinuria ( Renal calcification Enuresis Large kidneys Electrolyte and/or acid-base abnormalities Renal transport defects Other electrolyte issues, e.g. hypomagnesemia[] In the nephrotic syndrome there is a loss of a variety of proteins, such as transferrin, cortisol-binding globulin, thyroxine-binding globulin, and some coagulation factors[]

  • Congenital Isolated ACTH Deficiency

    Overt hyperkalemia is most commonly seen in hypoaldosteronism patients with other risk factors that further impair potassium excretion, such as renal insufficiency, decreased[] Hypomagnesemia and hypoglycemia may be seen in some patients. In acute crisis, these abnormalities may not have had time to develop.[] Estrogen therapy often leads to a need for increased dosing of thyroxine and GH as a result of its effect to increase thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) and to decrease GH-mediated[]

  • Thyroid Crisis

    […] give sodium iodide or potassium iodide or Lugol’s iodine References and Links Journal articles Bello G, Ceaichisciuc I, Silva S, Antonelli M.[] Wilson RB, Erskine C, Crowe PJ 2000 Hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy: prospective study. World J Surg 24: 722–726.[] Salicylates should be avoided as they will displace T4 and T3 from thyroxine binding globulin and result in increased free hormone levels and potentially worsen symptoms.[]

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