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795 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Hypothermia

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 develops due to transient aldosterone resistance in renal tubules and is characterized by renal sodium loss, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include of this dangerous complication include: An abnormally rapid heart rate ( tachycardia ) High fever or hypothermia (body temperatures below 95 degrees) Difficulty[verywell.com] Newborns: fever or hypothermia (low temperature), poor feeding, jaundice Infants: vomiting, diarrhea , fever, poor feeding, not thriving Children: irritability, eating poorly[medicinenet.com]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Diluted ORS often lead to Hyponatremia.[omicsonline.org] Severe volume depletion can cause bradycardia; deep, erratic respirations; and hypothermia. 2[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] Standardised protocol had slower IV fluids and emphasis on oral rehydration, standard antibiotics and micronutrients and standardised management of hypoglycaemia and hypothermia[wellcomeopenresearch.org]

  • Pneumonia

    Low blood sodium (hyponatremia) can also be a complication of bacterial pneumonia. Children are prone to this.[nationaljewish.org] Very severely ill infants may be unable to feed or drink and may also experience unconsciousness, hypothermia and convulsions.[who.int] […] delirious, especially when experiencing a high fever In infected infants, serious complications can sometimes develop, including being unable to drink, unconsciousness, hypothermia[draxe.com]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As cortisol levels remain low, patients may develop severe hypotension, vascular collapse, acute renal failure, and hypothermia.[pharmacytimes.com] […] according to the criteria of Saez-Llorens as: hypotension or poor capillary refill responding to fluid or pharmacological intervention in the presence of hyperthermia or hypothermia[adc.bmj.com]

  • Myxedema

    High mortality (30-60%) How do patients present (clinical diagnosis) AMS Hypothermia Hypotension Respiratory Failure Hypoglycemia Hyponatremia Potential physical exam findings[emdocs.net] Among important causative factors leading to catastrophic events in myxedema is life threatening hypothermia, heart and cerebral dysfunctions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In cases with severe symptomatic hyponatremia, 100 ml of 3% NaCl should be administered (Liamis et al. 2017).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Water Intoxication

    Water intoxication is an unusual but potentially lethal cause of perioperative hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This article reports a case of a 3-month-old male presenting with hyponatremic seizure and hypothermia. The presence of marijuana in the infant's urine was remarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical signs and symptoms can be manifested as difficulty breathing during exertion, muscle weakness and pain, twitching, cramping, dilated pupils, cyanosis, hypothermia[backpackingmastery.com]

  • Coma

    We present the case of a middle-aged woman diagnosed with myxoedema coma and severe hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features on admission were non-pitting oedema, dry skin, very sparse hair, a hoarse voice, hypothermia (rectal temperature 28.7 C), macroglossia, sinus bradycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of life-threatening myxoedema presenting with hypothermia, hypotension, bradycardia, pericardial effusion and deep coma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Panhypopituitarism

    ) mortality is higher in patients with hyponatremia who have a wide range of underlying diseases and iii) overly rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia can cause severe[endocrine-abstracts.org] A 21-year-old man presented with headache, hypotonia, hypothermia, and somnolence, deteriorating to a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3 within days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Interestingly, the late postoperative course was complicated by severe hyponatremia, whose origin may have been due to inappropriate ADH secretion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addison's Disease

    During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may exhibit itself as confusion and disorientation, epileptic fits, hypothermia, and even coma.[herballegacy.com] Based on the findings of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), we had considered that the cause of the hyponatremia was syndrome of inappropriate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On presentation, the patient will have mild hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and hypotension. The team will have to initiate fluid resuscitation and an initial workup.[emsimcases.com] A 22-year-old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with severe hyponatremia, hypotension and somnolence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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