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585 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Hypothermia

  • Myxedema

    Hyponatremia can also contribute to altered mental function.[emedicine.com] Among important causative factors leading to catastrophic events in myxedema is life threatening hypothermia, heart and cerebral dysfunctions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High mortality (30-60%) How do patients present (clinical diagnosis) AMS Hypothermia Hypotension Respiratory Failure Hypoglycemia Hyponatremia Potential physical exam findings[emdocs.net]

  • Water Intoxication

    Water intoxication is an unusual but potentially lethal cause of perioperative hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract This article reports a case of a 3-month-old male presenting with hyponatremic seizure and hypothermia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical signs and symptoms can be manifested as difficulty breathing during exertion, muscle weakness and pain, twitching, cramping, dilated pupils, cyanosis, hypothermia[backpackingmastery.com]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    Abstract In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On presentation, the patient will have mild hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and hypotension. The team will have to initiate fluid resuscitation and an initial workup.[emsimcases.com] BACKGROUND: A 22-year-old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with severe hyponatremia, hypotension and somnolence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency Secondary to Hypopituitarism

    Drug-induced hyponatremia could only be attributed to citalopram as he was receiving no other drugs causing hyponatremia.[journals.lww.com] Other causes include physiological stress including surgery, anesthesia, fluid volume loss, trauma, asthma, hypothermia, alcohol abuse, myocardial infarction, fever, hypoglycemia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Determination of plasma cortisol level in patients with hyponatremia not explained by other causes should always be obtained.[link.springer.com]

  • Panhypopituitarism

    ) mortality is higher in patients with hyponatremia who have a wide range of underlying diseases and iii) overly rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia can cause severe[endocrine-abstracts.org] Abstract A 21-year-old man presented with headache, hypotonia, hypothermia, and somnolence, deteriorating to a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3 within days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Interestingly, the late postoperative course was complicated by severe hyponatremia, whose origin may have been due to inappropriate ADH secretion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addison's Disease

    During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may exhibit itself as confusion and disorientation, epileptic fits, hypothermia, and even coma.[herballegacy.com] Based on the findings of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), we had considered that the cause of the hyponatremia was syndrome of inappropriate[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Destruction

    […] and hyperkalemia (aldosterone deficiency) due to salt wasting from mineralocorticoid deficiency Secondary disease: Hyponatremia alone.[openanesthesia.org] […] steroidogenesis Empty sella syndrome Autoimmune destruction Addisons's disease Traumatic destruction Trauma is a major cause of adrenal insufficiency Environmental factors Hypothermia[derangedphysiology.com] As cortisol levels remain low, patients may develop severe hypotension, vascular collapse, acute renal failure, and hypothermia.[pharmacytimes.com]

  • Coma

    We present the case of a middle-aged woman diagnosed with myxoedema coma and severe hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Farid Sadaka , Therapeutic Hypothermia for Brain Injury from Near Hanging: Review of the Literature , Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management , 3 , 1 , (13) , ([doi.org] Clinical features on admission were non-pitting oedema, dry skin, very sparse hair, a hoarse voice, hypothermia (rectal temperature 28.7 C), macroglossia, sinus bradycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Psychogenic Polydipsia

    This tended to sustain hyponatremia. Polydipsia should be recognized as a cause of hyponatremia, perhaps with reset osmostat.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: Compulsive water drinking or psychogenic polydipsia is a common cause of hyponatremia among individuals with chronic mental illness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case stresses the need for monitoring rhabdomyolysis markers in severe hyponatremia, illustrating the condition of rhabdomyolysis secondary to hyponatremia induced by[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

    […] antidotes for specific toxins Controlled reduction of blood pressure with nitroprusside, labetolol or fenoldepam for hypertensive encephalopathy Hypertonic saline for profound hyponatremia[cdemcurriculum.com] Do not rely on fever or hypothermia to rule sepsis either in or out.[nice.org.uk] […] digoxin , levodopa, TCAs, opioids, alcohol Endocrine Hyperparathyroidism, hyper/ hypothyroidism Infection/injury Encephalitis , meningitis , pneumonia, sepsis , UTI , burns, hypothermia[almostadoctor.co.uk]

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