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342 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Ileus, Intestinal Obstruction

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    However, hyponatremia ( 134 mmol/L) and CT scan findings of wall thickening or a suspected closed loop were independently associated with bowel ischemia.[] Synonyms Ileus: paralytic ileus, adynamic ileus, non mechanical obstruction, intestinal pseudo obstruction Small bowel obstruction: mechanical ileus, obstructive ileus, dynamic[] Background: Acute intestinal obstruction is one of the most common surgical emergencies.[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Laboratory analysis on admission showed hyponatremia (115-133 mmol/L, mean 122.4 mmol/L), high plasma renin activity (229-500 pg/ml, mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis[] After birth, 10-15% of newborns with CF may develop intestinal obstruction within a few days of birth because of meconial ileus.1 This obstruction is a result of dehydrated[] However, gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) are also important and well-recognised complications in CF.[]

  • Appendicitis

    […] multivariable analysis, independent factors predictive of complicated appendicitis in children were as follows [13] : Age younger than 5 years Symptom duration longer than 24 hours Hyponatremia[] Gallstone ileus as the cause of an obstructive gangrenous appendicitis is a very unusual disease presentation that should be kept in mind when finding an unusual appendicolith[] Caecal volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Caecal volvulus precipitated by acute appendicitis is even rarer.[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Weekend AP admissions were more likely to develop alcohol withdrawal (5.9% vs 5.7%, P 0.001) and ileus (4.1% vs 3.1%, P 0.04).[] Gastric volvulus Intestinal obstructions Mesenteric ischemia Nephrolithiasis Pancreatic cancer Perforated duodenal/gastric ulcer Tubo-ovarian abscess Background Epidemiology[] Jejunal feeding is advocated if gastric feeding fails. 10 However, paralytic ileus is common in SAP and parenteral nutrition (PN) is recommended if enteral feeding has failed[]

  • Ileus

    Aetiology Adynamic ileus can be caused by a number of conditions: drugs: e.g. opioids metabolic: e.g. hyponatremia sepsis: especially gram-negative bacteria abdominal trauma[] Plain abdominal X-ray is an important investigation in ileus.[] Ileus What is an intestinal obstruction? An intestinal obstruction (ileus) may affect the small and the large bowel.[]

  • Volvulus

    Serum electrolyte levels may be altered with bowel obstruction; for example, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, or hypochloremia may be present.[] After birth, 10-15% of newborns with CF may develop intestinal obstruction within a few days of birth because of meconial ileus.1 This obstruction is a result of dehydrated[] Keywords : Meckel Diverticulum, Intestinal Volvulus, Intestinal Obstruction, Child, Abdominal Pain, Humans.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    […] syndrome is a rare disorder in which a colorectal tumor (usually a villous adenoma) determines secretory mucous diarrhea, which in turn leads to prerenal acute renal failure, hyponatremia[] Hypokalemia is common and can be associated with serious adverse consequences, including paralysis, ileus, cardiac arrhythmias, and death.[] In the recovery from gastrointestinal surgery particulary where vomiting has been a pre-operative feature, eg intussusception Intussusception or intestinal obstruction Intestine[]

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    SIAD is characterized by hyponatremia, hypoosmolality, and less than a maximally diluted urine.[] The patient died 7 months after readmission from ileus due to pancreatitis.[] Here we document an extremely rare presentation of the lung cancer that presented with acute abdomen and was diagnosed as intestinal obstruction due to colon carcinoma initially[]

  • Vomiting

    The patient presented with vomiting and pain abdomen, persistent hyponatremia, and terminal hypoglycemia.[] […] expulsion of vomit Intestinal obstruction Peptic ulcer Gastroesophageal reflux disease Gastritis Peritonitis or inflammation of the membranes within the abdomen Paralytic ileus[] The causes of acute intractable vomiting range from acute pancreatitis and acute intestinal obstruction to cardiac causes like acute myocardial infarction and neurological[]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    Podcast Ep 30: Status Epilepticus, Isoniazid Toxicity, Hyponatremia & More Published: August 30, 2017 Author: Nachi Gupta, M.D., Ph.D., and Megha Rajpal, M.D.[] We present a case of a 12-year-old boy with mechanical ileus who was finally confirmed to have SV with the combination of abdominal plain film, sonography, and computed tomography[] Keywords Vovulus; Intestinal obstruction Introduction Volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction.[]

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