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226 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Ileus, Intestinal Obstruction

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    However, hyponatremia ( 134 mmol/L) and CT scan findings of wall thickening or a suspected closed loop were independently associated with bowel ischemia.[] Synonyms Ileus: paralytic ileus, adynamic ileus, non mechanical obstruction, intestinal pseudo obstruction Small bowel obstruction: mechanical ileus, obstructive ileus, dynamic[] Background: Acute intestinal obstruction is one of the most common surgical emergencies.[]

  • Appendicitis

    […] multivariable analysis, independent factors predictive of complicated appendicitis in children were as follows [13] : Age younger than 5 years Symptom duration longer than 24 hours Hyponatremia[] Gallstone ileus as the cause of an obstructive gangrenous appendicitis is a very unusual disease presentation that should be kept in mind when finding an unusual appendicolith[] Abstract Caecal volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Caecal volvulus precipitated by acute appendicitis is even rarer.[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Weekend AP admissions were more likely to develop alcohol withdrawal (5.9% vs 5.7%, P 0.001) and ileus (4.1% vs 3.1%, P 0.04).[] Gastric volvulus Intestinal obstructions Mesenteric ischemia Nephrolithiasis Pancreatic cancer Perforated duodenal/gastric ulcer Tubo-ovarian abscess Background Epidemiology[] : tachycardia , hypotension , oliguria / anuria Possibly jaundice in patients with biliary pancreatitis Abdominal examination Abdominal tenderness, distention , guarding Ileus[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Laboratory analysis on admission showed hyponatremia (115-133 mmol/L, mean 122.4 mmol/L), high plasma renin activity (229-500 pg/ml, mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis[] Fewer have meconium ileus, but more have distal intestinal obstruction syndrome.[] The CFTR gene along with 2 or more modifier genes are the major determinants of intestinal obstruction in newborn CF patients, whereas intestinal obstruction in older CF patients[]

  • Decreased Bowel Sounds

    One must ascultate for a mininum of five minutes before declaring an absence of bowel sounds. [1] Differential Diagnosis Common Causes Intestinal obstruction Adynamic ileus[] Synonyms Ileus: paralytic ileus, adynamic ileus, non mechanical obstruction, intestinal pseudo obstruction Small bowel obstruction: mechanical ileus, obstructive ileus, dynamic[] Epidemiology Of all patients admitted to hospital with intestinal obstruction, most have small intestinal obstruction.[]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Neurovisceral symptoms resolved, and severe hyponatremia was corrected with IV saline solution without complications.[] Other GI features may include nausea , vomiting, constipation or diarrhea , abdominal distention, and ileus .[] He was operated after diagnosed as “intestinal obstruction”, but the reason of intestinal obstruction was not known.[]

  • Ileus

    Etiology Adynamic ileus can be caused by a number of conditions: drugs: e.g. opioids metabolic: e.g. hyponatremia sepsis: especially gram-negative bacteria abdominal trauma[] Called also paralytic, functional and adynamic ileus. dynamic ileus obstructive ileus. mechanical ileus obstructive ileus. obstructive ileus a physical lesion accounts for[] Paralytic ileus; Intestinal volvulus; Bowel obstruction; Ileus; Pseudo-obstruction - intestinal; Colonic ileus; Small bowel obstruction Harris JW, Evers BM.[]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    Hyponatremia 3. Hypomagnesemia 4. Hypermagensemia • Reflex ileus.[] Physiologic ileus resolves within 2 to 3 days; thus, ileus persisting beyond 3 days are already considered adynamic or paralytic etiologically.[] BACKGROUND/AIMS: The results of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy for treatment of postoperative paralytic ileus and adhesive intestinal obstruction associated with abdominal[]

  • Gallstone Ileus

    The most common biochemical abnormalities were hypokalemia (60% of cases), hyponatremia (40%) and metabolic alkalosis (40%).[] CT can diagnose gallstone ileus with a sensitivity of up to 93%.[] Symptoms may begin 4-8 days prior to intestinal obstruction.[]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    Hyponatremia-associated rhabdomyolysis. Nephron. 1999;82(3):274-7. [8] 6- Rizzieri DA. Rhabdomyolysis after correction of hyponatremia due to psychogenic polydipsia.[] Gut dysmotility, ileus , intussusception , hypoganglionosis , encopresis in children and intestinal pseudo-obstruction have been associated with porphyrias.[] Another important early sign of this disorder is hyponatremia.[]

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