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271 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Ketosis

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    One study sheds some light on poor prognostic indicators: cardiovascular disease old age hypotension hyponatremia acidosis high urea (the most important risk factor for death[] During ketosis, ketones can easily be detected in the urine.[] High serum osmolarity also drives water from intracellular to extracellular space, causing dilutional hyponatremia.[]

  • Coma

    We present the case of a middle-aged woman diagnosed with myxoedema coma and severe hyponatremia.[]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Hypoglycemia and hyponatremia are considered early predictors of poor prognosis.[] When these tests are used, phenothiazines, acetoacetate (present in ketosis), and sodium azide may interfere with the screening tests.[]

  • Lipidemia

    […] hyperchloremia , hyperglycemia , hyperkalemia , hyperlipaemia , hypernatraemia , hypernatremia , hyperuricemia , hypervolemia , hypochloraemia , hypoglycemia , hypokalemia , hyponatremia[] Lipidemia and ketosis: Changes in fat metabolism result from,[]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Large-scale absorption of irrigating fluid (3 L) induced dilutional hyponatremia (120 mmol/L) and hyperglycemia (30 mmol/L).[] Acute hyperglycemia without ketosis is recognized to induce movement disorders characterized by hemichorea, hemiballismus, or hemidystonia.[] Abstract Hyperglycemia without ketosis may cause coma, convulsions, shock, and death (1-7).[]

  • Schmidt Syndrome

    Severe hyponatremia seems to be found more often in patients with severe hypothyroidism.[] […] had been followed-up in the endocrinology clinic since the age of 14 years, when type 1 diabetes mellitus was diagnosed, initially manifesting with cardinal symptoms and ketosis[] The only blood chemistry abnormalities were hyponatremia (125 mEq/L) and hyperkalemia (6.8 mEq/L).[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[] This particular presentation of diabetes has been termed as ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes (KPDM) or atypical diabetes.[] High serum osmolarity also drives water from intracellular to extracellular space, causing dilutional hyponatremia.[]

  • Acromegaly

    […] gain Fatigue Decreased energy Decreased mental function Dizziness Changes in hormonal function can cause electrolyte imbalance in the blood, typically low sodium levels (hyponatremia[] However, diabetes in acromegaly usually does not lead to ketosis.[] This is most often transient, but may be permanent in 2–7% of cases and require long-term treatment with desmopressin. 22 Hyponatremia related to the syndrome of inappropriate[]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Serum electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities may include hypochloremic alkylosis, hypokalemia, and hyponatremia [ 7 ].[] […] gravidarum is nausea and vomiting severe enough to cause physiological and biochemical effects, including significant dehydration, often with electrolyte abnormalities, ketosis[] Complications In severe cases, dehydration, weight loss, electrolyte disturbance (eg, ketosis) and nutritional deficiency can occur.[]

  • Acid Base Disorder

    Q: What type of hyponatremia does BB exhibit and why?[] Which cause ketosis? Which causes normal gap met acidosis? Methanol, Ethylene Glycol, Isopropyl alcohol and Toluene cause an osmolar gap.[] Since the latter often predominates in patients with alcoholic and diabetic ketoacidosis, the dipstick may significantly underestimate the degree of ketosis. 2 In addition[]

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