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754 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Leukocytosis, Seizure

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[] […] of 100.4 F (38 C) or higher, or as advised by your healthcare provider Blood in your urine or stool Bloody discharge from your nose, mouth, or ears Severe headache or a seizure[] End stage renal disease causes weight loss, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, difficulty breathing and seizures.[]

  • Porphyria

    Then, she had episodes of seizure and confusion.[] Computed tomography was unremarkable, and blood tests demonstrated hyponatremia, acute kidney injury, and a neutrophilic leukocytosis.[] Since the origin of the pain is neurologic, there is no fever and leukocytosis. Between the attacks, the patient fully recovers from the pain.[]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Both the patients were presented with seizures and PRES on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Unexplained abdominal pain occurred before the onset of seizures.[] Neurovisceral symptoms resolved, and severe hyponatremia was corrected with IV saline solution without complications.[] The analysis of hematological and biochemical parameters during the second crisis showed anemia, leukocytosis, hyponatremia, mild hypokalemia, uremia and elevated C-reactive[]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    Abstract Seizures may occur in acute intermittent porphyria or other hepatic porphyrias.[] Hyponatremia-associated rhabdomyolysis. Nephron. 1999;82(3):274-7. [8] 6- Rizzieri DA. Rhabdomyolysis after correction of hyponatremia due to psychogenic polydipsia.[] Because the pain is neuropathic, it often is not accompanied by fever or leukocytosis.[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    However, their findings suggest that that the risk of bacterial meningitis in children presenting with simple febrile seizure is very low.[] Hyponatremia, if present, indicates syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.[] […] in induction of a fever response and triggers the release of other cytokines, and may also influence transport of compounds into the brain, leading to cerebrospinal fluid leukocytosis[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    Abstract A 12-month-old girl with occult bacterial meningitis presented with a simple febrile seizure.[] Its delayed diagnosis may be associated with hyponatremia and hypernatremia with fatal outcome.[] Upon admittance, she was considered confused, with a temperature of 39.4 C and slight neutrophilic leukocytosis, but no neck stiffness.[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Symptoms including confusion, seizures, pain and paralysis may be a result of either metastases to the nervous system or one of several nonmetastatic complications of cancer[] Hyponatremia was defined as a plasma sodium concentration 18 , 19 ].[] Most children, including our patient, presented with leukocytosis with neutrophilia and with elevated CRP.[]

  • Intracranial Hemorrhage

    […] and no seizures; two had grade IV hemorrhage, and one of them had neonatal seizures.[] Side effects may include hyponatremia, seizures, and elevated ICP (Campbell, 2010).[] Laboratory evaluation showed marked leukocytosis with blastic predominance and evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Age, seizures and shock signs were independently associated with mortality.[] Blood exams showed leukocytosis and CPR 20 mg/dL (nv 0.5 mg/dL). On the basis of these results and petechial rash evidence, lumbar puncture was performed.[] Hearing loss, noted in 9% of children, occurred significantly more often in patients with marked leukocytosis or leukopenia or with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocytosis[]

  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis

    Lastly, patients have seizures and fall into unconsciousness. Seizures are noted in almost 50% patients; mostly generalized tonic clonic.[] The presence of large radiographic lesions did not predict a poor outcome, but either high cerebrospinal fluid white-cell counts or severe hyponatremia did.[] The most common clinical and laboratory features were fever, headache, seizures, peripheral leukocytosis, and cerebrospinal fluid neutrophilic pleocytosis.[]

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