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62 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[acc.org] Comments Acetohexamide* 250 mg once/day–750 mg bid 12–24 h No longer available in US Chlorpropamide * 100 mg once/day–750 mg once/day 24–36 h Chlorpropamide : May cause hyponatremia[msdmanuals.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org] The major secondary end points were death from cardiovascular causes and death from any cause or any hospitalization.[doi.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] […] complications, but the common one are listed below: Acidemia Hyperkalemia Volume/fluid overload Hypocalcemia/hyperphosphatemia (as a consequence of secondary hyperparathyroidism) Hyponatremia[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[ceufast.com] Monitor for hyponatremia. For pulmonary edema, an extreme of CHF, morphine and IV nitrates are adjuncts.[epmonthly.com]

  • Eating Disorder

    Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death.[web.archive.org] […] and other major organ functions.[web.archive.org] Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors.[web.archive.org]

  • Kidney Failure

    Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] We present a patient with acute kidney injury and severe hypervolemic hypotonic hyponatremia (serum sodium 100 mEq/L) who was treated successfully with continuous venovenous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypervolemia

    (see Table: Principal Causes of Hyponatremia ).[merck.com] Patients were classified as having a major CV event if the main cause of death or hospitalization was acute coronary syndrome, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure[revportcardiol.org] We sought to identify factors that predispose patients to hyponatremia and to find predictive factors associated with increased risk of water intoxication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heart Failure

    hyponatremia and edema.[uscjournal.com] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org] The major secondary end points were death from cardiovascular causes and death from any cause or any hospitalization.[doi.org]

  • Hypertension

    Drugs to treat hypertension have well-known adverse effects, including hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypotension, dizziness, headache, edema, erectile dysfunction[doi.org] High blood pressure is a major contributing risk factor to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.[doi.org] S10.2.1-6 Women were more likely to experience hypokalemia and hyponatremia and less likely to experience gout with diuretics.[dx.doi.org]

  • Renal Impairment

    Electrolyte changes such as hypernatremia and hyperkalemia were more common in group A than group B, whereas hyponatremia, hypokalemia, and hypophosphatemia were more common[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] […] and serum creatinine levels (the peak values were 94 8 mg per deciliter [34 3 mmol per liter] and 3.4 1 mg per deciliter [301 88 μmol per liter], respectively), and severe hyponatremia[nejm.org]

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