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59 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure, Nausea

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] Nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting. Urea in the gastric juices may cause upset stomach. This can lead to malnutrition and weight loss.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org] Anorexia, nausea and vomiting: Congestion of the portal system causes these symptoms.[symptoma.com]

  • Kidney Failure

    Patients with acute kidney injury complain of nausea and vomiting; they may be confused or have seizures in advanced stages.[symptoma.com] Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org]

  • Heart Failure

    […] and disorientation may occur in older people Dizziness, fainting, fatigue or weakness Fluid buildup, especially in the legs, ankles and feet Increased urination at night Nausea[cedars-sinai.edu] hyponatremia and edema.[uscjournal.com] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    At admission, she presented with a fever, chills, nausea, low back pain, and malaise, which were followed by progressive renal dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[acc.org]

  • Hypertension

    Drugs to treat hypertension have well-known adverse effects, including hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypotension, dizziness, headache, edema, erectile dysfunction[doi.org] High blood pressure is a major contributing risk factor to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.[doi.org] This drug is known to cause adverse effects, such as nausea, appetite loss, headache, insomnia, and hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Hepatomegaly (liver enlargement) Right sided heart failure Symtpoms fatigue, anxiety depression, dependent bilateral edema, right upper quadrant pain, anorexia and GI bloating, nausea[quizlet.com] Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[ceufast.com]

  • Renal Artery Stenosis

    Symptoms of acute occlusion include steady, aching flank pain, abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and hematuria. Acute kidney injury may develop.[msdmanuals.com] Palmer Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2010; 5(s3): S1 5 Hyponatremia in the Intensive Care Unit Palmer, B.F.[jpgmonline.com] Study End Points The primary end point was the occurrence of a major cardiovascular or renal event — a composite of death from cardiovascular or renal causes, stroke, myocardial[nejm.org]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lower starting doses should be considered for patients who are receiving concomitant diuretic therapy, experience volume depletion, or have hyponatremia.[uspharmacist.com] […] cardiovascular events, and death from cardiovascular causes; however, these drugs do not significantly reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, heart failure, or death[intranet.tdmu.edu.ua]

  • Stroke

    He developed headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, diplopia, dizziness, and ataxia following the procedure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Assess for nonstroke conditions that can cause neurologic effects, such as hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, medication, sudden blood pressure drop, and (if your patient had a seizure[americannursetoday.com] Major coronary events were defined as the first occurrence of nonfatal myocardial infarction or coronary death (including death from heart failure and sudden or unexpected[doi.org]

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