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23 Possible Causes for Hyponatremia, Major Cause of Death is Heart Failure, Nocturia

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org] Nocturia: Nocturia occurs due to excretion of fluid retained during the day and increased renal perfusion in recumbent position at night.[symptoma.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[clinicaladvisor.com] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] Nocturia is often noted, principally due to failure to concentrate the urine.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The reductions in risk of CV death, all-cause mortality, 3-point major adverse cardiac events, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF), and HHF or CV death with empagliflozin[acc.org] Comments Acetohexamide* 250 mg once/day–750 mg bid 12–24 h No longer available in US Chlorpropamide * 100 mg once/day–750 mg once/day 24–36 h Chlorpropamide : May cause hyponatremia[msdmanuals.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Specifically, tolvaptan is approved by the FDA for the treatment of euvolemic hyponatremia and hypervolemic hyponatremia.[healio.com] History of Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is, in a nutshell, the end stage for all chronic disease affecting the heart, and as such is a major cause of[ceufast.com] Weakness, fatigue, anxiety, depression, dyspnea, shallow respirations up to 32-40 min, Paroxysymal Nocturnal Dyspnea, Orthopnea (SOB in recumbent position, dry hacking cough, nocturia[quizlet.com]

  • Heart Failure

    hyponatremia and edema.[uscjournal.com] Major secondary outcomes were all cause mortality during the trial period, all reported cardiovascular deaths, admission to hospital for heart failure, cardiovascular admission[doi.org] Similarly, patients with sleep apnea without heart failure have frequent awakenings, nocturia and may wake up short of breath due to the apnea.[web.archive.org]

  • Hypertension

    Drugs to treat hypertension have well-known adverse effects, including hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypotension, dizziness, headache, edema, erectile dysfunction[doi.org] High blood pressure is a major contributing risk factor to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.[doi.org] Another factor in the presence of OSA is nocturia, which is present in about one third of patients.[aafp.org]

  • Renal Impairment

    Electrolyte changes such as hypernatremia and hyperkalemia were more common in group A than group B, whereas hyponatremia, hypokalemia, and hypophosphatemia were more common[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] At first, patients may be completely asymptomatic, but signs such as alterations in urinary habits (nocturia), generalized weakness, and fatigue eventually ensue.[symptoma.com]

  • Kidney Failure

    Patients with hypervolemic hyponatremia and kidney failure pose a special therapeutic challenge.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.[kidney.org] Symptoms are often lacking at the start of the disease (stages 1-3), but weight loss, tiredness, nocturia, and pruritus for extended times (months) may indicate CKD.[symptoma.com]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Lower starting doses should be considered for patients who are receiving concomitant diuretic therapy, experience volume depletion, or have hyponatremia.[uspharmacist.com] […] cardiovascular events, and death from cardiovascular causes; however, these drugs do not significantly reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, heart failure, or death[intranet.tdmu.edu.ua] For example, in the TOMHS study, women reported twice as many adverse effects as men. 305 Women are more likely to develop diuretic-induced hyponatremia, and men more likely[doi.org]

  • Chronic Kidney Disease

    In this context, it is of interest that it was reported recently that excessive consumption of fluids can cause hyponatremia in marathon runners ( 19 ).[cjasn.asnjournals.org] An investigation of the causes of death associated with CKD in Alberta revealed that the major cause of death was cardiovascular (including an increase in heart failure and[link.springer.com] Symptoms develop slowly and in advanced stages include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, dysgeusia, nocturia, lassitude, fatigue, pruritus, decreased mental acuity,[msdmanuals.com]

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